Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti

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Antonio Vespucio Liberti Stadium
Estadio Antonio Vespucio Liberti
El Monumental
RiverPlateStadium.jpg
Full nameEstadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti
Former namesEstadio Monumental (1938–86)
AddressAv. Figueroa Alcorta 7597
Buenos Aires
Argentina
Public transitBelgrano Norte Line at Ciudad Universitaria station
Buses connecting stadium to:
Mitre Line at Núñez railway station (1.6 km away)
Línea D (SBASE) bullet.svg at Congreso de Tucumán (1.9 km away)
OwnerC.A. River Plate
Capacity70,054
Record attendance100,000+ (River Plate vs Racing Club, 1975)
Field size105 x 68 m
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Built1936–1938
Opened26 May 1938; 84 years ago (1938-05-26)
Renovated1978, 2020–21
ArchitectJosé Aslan
Héctor Ezcurra
Tenants
River Plate
Argentina national football team
Argentina national rugby union team
Website
cariverplate.com.ar/el-monumental

Estadio Antonio Vespucio Liberti[1] (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðjo monumenˈtal anˈtonjo βesˈpusjo liˈβeɾti]), also referred to as Estadio Mâs Monumental for sponsorship reasons,[2][3] and popularly known as River Plate Stadium, Monumental de Núñez, or simply El Monumental, is a stadium in the Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina (although popular belief wrongly states that the stadium is in the Núñez district), home of the football club River Plate.[4]

It was opened on 26 May 1938 and named after former club president Antonio Vespucio Liberti (1900–1978). It is the largest stadium in Argentina with a capacity of 70,054 and is also home of the Argentina national football team. It was the main venue in the 1951 Pan American Games. It hosted the 1978 FIFA World Cup Final between Argentina and the Netherlands. Additionally, it hosted four finals of the Copa América, most recently in 2011.

History[edit]

The Club Atlético River Plate was founded in 1901 and by 1934, it had won two championships. At the time, the club was nicknamed "Los Millonarios" (The Millionaires in Spanish) because of the purchase of forward Carlos Peucelle for whom River had paid a huge amount of money. On October 31, 1934, River Plate purchased the land where the club was to build the new stadium in the neighborhood of Belgrano.[4]

The stadium under construction, 1937

El Monumental was built on land reclaimed from the marshy coast of Río de la Plata. On May 25, 1935, the cornerstone was laid on the Centennial (now Figueroa Alcorta) and Río de la Plata (Udaondo) Avenues. On December 1 of that year, the Steering Committee presented the approved project in detail to its members at an assembly. They obtained a loan of $2,500,000 from the government and on September 27, 1936, construction began under the direction of architects José Aslan and Héctor Ezcurra.

The initial cost of work reached the figure of $4,479,545.80, but was reduced to about 3 million dollars when the committee decided to halt the construction of the north end of the stadium due to a lack of adequate funds.[4]

Entrance to the stadium on the day of its inauguration

The foundation of the stadium was to be six or eight feet deep. This required open pit excavation to ensure the stability of the ground, and pumping bilge water from the site. The construction of the three stands was completed in two years. There are 50 km of steps, with 26,000 square meters of reinforced concrete and almost 3,000 tons of steel.

The stadium was inaugurated on Wednesday 26 May, amidst a crowd of approximately 70,000 people. They witnessed the handing over of an Argentine flag, one from the club, paid for by a group of associates, and then sang the national anthem and the River Plate chant.

The next day, nearly 68,000 spectators were present. After various activities the evening ended with a match between River Plate and Uruguay team Peñarol, with a 3–1 victory for the home squad. In the 2016-17 league season, River Plate drew an average home attendance of 37,000, the second-highest in the league.

Notable events[edit]

When the Monumental project was originally designed, it consisted of four double decker stands. As the bank loan was not enough to carry out the entire project, the stadium was left with a horseshoe shape. The horseshoe was partially enclosed in 1958, under the club presidency of Enrique Pardo. The new construction, the first tier Colonia stand, was financed by proceeds from the mn$10 million transfer of Omar Sivori to Juventus of Italy. With the new construction the stadium's capacity reached 90,000.

View of the stadium before the remodeling for the FIFA World Cup 1978. Only one tier of the Sivori stand had been built by then

The stadium was remodelled and finally completed to meet the original project after Argentina was awarded the right to host the 1978 World Cup. River Plate was lent money by the Military Government in charge of the country at the time but they struggled to meet repayments due to the changes of currency, which had a detrimental effect on the team. Monumental was the headquarters for the 1978 World Cup. The venue was opened on June 1 for the match between West Germany and Poland. They hosted seven more games, including the final between Argentina and the Netherlands.

San Lorenzo earned the record for highest number of people attending a match for a visiting team in 1982. In their second division match against Tigre, San Lorenzo (which did not have a stadium at the time), brought more than 70,000 people to River's stadium. In 1975 when River played Racing for the title (after an 18 years drought) 100,000 were present. At the end of the 1986 and 1996 Copa Libertadores second-leg finals (both against América de Cali), more seats were added and approximately 86,000 spectators were in attendance. It is estimated that for the Argentina versus Uruguay 1987 Copa América semifinal more than 87,000 spectators attended. In 1993, in a qualification match for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Argentina lost 5–0 to Colombia, its greatest ever defeat at home. Since then, however, Argentina had never lost a match in World Cup qualifying within this stadium until Ecuador won 2–0 on October 8, 2015.

The total length of the seating in the stands of the stadium is over 70 kilometers.

Panoramic view from inside the stadium. River Plate played Independiente in the Apertura 2004, Round 16. River Plate won 3–0

Sporting events[edit]

The Monumental, aside from being River Plate's home ground, also accommodates the Argentina national football team in their home games for events such as the FIFA World Cup qualification.

The Monumental also hosted the closing ceremonies and the athletics events of the First Pan American Games in 1951. The stadium host the first Super Special Stage of the 2007 Rally Argentina of WRC.

Rugby union matches featuring the Argentina national rugby union team, Los Pumas, also take place occasionally on this field, although the Pumas more frequently play at other stadiums.

Football[edit]

1978 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium served as venue for the following matches during the World Cup:

View of the stadium during the opening of the 1978 FIFA World Cup
Date R G Team 1 Vs. Team 2
June 1 1 2  West Germany 0–0  Poland
June 2 1  Argentina 2–1  Hungary
June 6 2–1  France
June 10  Italy 1–0  Argentina
June 14 2 A  West Germany 0–0  Italy
June 18  Italy 1–0  Austria
June 21  Netherlands 2–1  Italy
June 24 Third place game  Brazil 2–1  Italy
June 25 Final  Argentina 3–1  Netherlands

International friendly matches[edit]

Rugby union test matches[edit]

12 November 2000
Argentina  33 - 37  South Africa
Attendance:65,000
Referee: (Scott Young Australia)

1 December 2001
Argentina  20 - 24  New Zealand
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: (Scott Young Australia)

2 November 2002
Argentina  6 - 17  Australia
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: (Kevin Deaker New Zealand)

Concerts[edit]

When an international performing artist or band visits Buenos Aires, the concerts are usually held in this stadium, as it is the biggest in the city and in all of Argentina.

Sting performing at River Plate, 11 December 1987

In December 1987, former leader of The Police, Sting, performed at River Plate making his debut in Argentina as soloist. He was the first artist to perform with sold out tickets at that venue.[5]

The stadium played host to Amnesty International's final Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on 15 October 1988. The show was headlined by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, and also featured Sting, Peter Gabriel, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour, León Gieco and Charly García the concert was attended by 75,000 people.

David Bowie's Sound+Vision Tour was held on 29 September 1990. He sold more than 81,900 tickets from only one show.[6]

On 5 October 1990, Eric Clapton played a concert during his Journeyman World Tour in front of a sold-out crowd of 70,000 people.[7]

INXS performed at the stadium on 22 January 1991 during The X Factor World Tour.

Prince performed at the stadium in January 1991 as part of a Rock & Pop Festival. The festival included singers Robert Plant, Joe Cocker and Billy Idol, among others.

Elton John performed at the stadium on 21 and 22 November 1992 during The One Tour. It was his first performance in Argentina.

Paul Simon performed at the stadium in December 1992 on Derby Festival. The festival included the following bands The Cult, John Kay, Inspiral Carpets, among others.

Axl Rose during one of the two concerts performed by Guns N' Roses at River Plate, December 1992

Guns N' Roses first performed at the stadium with two concerts on 5–6 December 1992, as part of their Use Your Illusion Tour. Over half a year later on 16–17 July 1993, the band played two additional concerts as the final shows of the same tour, marking their last performances with most of their original lineup for over two decades. Twenty-three years later, the group reunited with classic members Slash and Duff McKagan, playing two shows on 4–5 November 2016, as part of the Not in This Lifetime... Tour.

In 1993, the American superstar Michael Jackson performed three sold-out concerts as part of his Dangerous World Tour at the stadium, on 8, 10 and 12 October, for a total audience of 225,000 fans (75,000 people per show). The last concert was recorded for a documentary however, it was later cancelled by Michael Jackson due to him being unsatisfied with the performance. However, this concert leaked online. (Live in Buenos Aires: The Dangerous Tour)

Paul McCartney played three concerts at the stadium in December 1993 during The New World Tour, for the first time in the country. Seventeen years later he returned to Argentina to play two concerts to a crowd of 82,000, as part of his Up and Coming Tour in November, 2010.

Phil Collins performed at the stadium on 23 and 24 April 1995 during the Both Sides of the World Tour.

The Rolling Stones at River Plate, February 1995: (left): the concert stage on the pitch; (right): Mick Jagger and Keith Richard during one of the concerts

The Rolling Stones performed five sold-out concerts at the stadium during the Voodoo Lounge Tour in 1995. The British band performed five times once again in 1998 for the Bridges to Babylon Tour, and two more times in 2006 during the A Bigger Bang tour. These last concerts were released as part of the four-disc concert DVD The Biggest Bang in 2007.

Seminal punk rock band The Ramones played their final South American show on 16 March 1996.

Also Luis miguel sold out two consecutive concerts in 1996 for over 120,000 thousand people for the two nights in november 1996, Luis miguel is the only latin artist that have broken records of assistance in Argentina.

Backstreet Boys performed at the stadium on 28 April 2001 during Black & Blue Tour.

On 6 October 2001 Eric Clapton performed at the stadium during his Reptile World Tour, selling a total of 35,000 tickets.[8]

Red Hot Chili Peppers played a concert at the stadium on 16 October 2002 during their By The Way Tour. Later they played another concert on 18 September 2011 during the I'm with You World Tour. In 1998 Irish rock band U2 brought their PopMart Tour to South America and performed Mothers of the Disappeared with the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, the mothers of the children who had disappeared under the Argentinian and Chilean dictatorships, brought on stage. The band returned again for their Vertigo Tour in 2006 to film what would become U23D, the first live-action, 3D digital film.

Madonna performed two sold-out concerts in October 1993 during The Girlie Show[9] and another four in December 2008, during her Sticky & Sweet Tour; two of these concerts were filmed and later released on a CD/DVD titled Sticky & Sweet Tour. She holds the record for fastest sell-out of a concert at the stadium for her first show, with more than 263,000 tickets sold in three hours. She also performed at the stadium on 13 and 15 December 2012 as part of The MDNA Tour.

In 2003, the international pop singer Shakira played a sold-out concert during her Tour of the Mongoose, being the first and only female Latin artist to sell out River Plate Stadium. Robbie Williams performed at the stadium on 14 and 15 October during his 2006 Close Encounters Tour. On 15–16 May 2007, High School Musical performed their hits from High School Musical The Tour, entitled High School Musical The Concert

The Police in 2007, during their Reunion Tour

Aerosmith performed at the stadium in 2007 on Quilmes Rock show. The attendance was over 70,000 Spectators. The festival included the following bands Keane, Evanescence, Velvet Revolver, Bad Religion, The Psychedelic Furs. The Police performed at Estadio Monumental on 1 and 2 December 2007 during their Reunion Tour. In 2008, the band released the live CD/DVD Certifiable that was recorded during this concerts.

In 2009 the British band Oasis presented one of the biggest concerts in their history. Noel Gallagher and the Argentine public shared an emotional moment, playing "Don't Look Back in Anger".

AC/DC in 2009, during their Black Ice World Tour

AC/DC performed three sold-out shows in December 2009, during their Black Ice World Tour. These shows were filmed and released on the DVD and Blu-ray Live at River Plate, in May 2011. In November 2012, they released a live album of the second of the three shows, which happened on 4 December.

Legendary New Jersey rockers Bon Jovi have played the stadium numerous times, most recently in 2010 as part of The Circle Tour.

The band Coldplay performed at the stadium on 26 February 2010 during Viva la Vida Tour. They are due to return in 2022 to play a record-breaking ten shows as part of their Music of the Spheres World Tour, the most of any musical act at the stadium.

In May 2011, the Teen Queen, Miley Cyrus brought her Gypsy Heart Tour which sold out in a week, filling the stadium with 65,000 people, becoming the third female artist to fill the stadium after Shakira and Madonna.

Roger Waters performed nine concerts at the stadium in March 2012, during which he and his band performed The Wall in its entirety on their 2010-2012 The Wall Live tour.[10] Kiss played on 3 September 1994; 14 March 1997; 10 April 1999; 5 April 2009 and 7 November 2012. The 2009 concert was recorded and eventually released as a live six song DVD included on the Sonic Boom three disc package.[11] Lady Gaga performed a sold-out show here for her tour The Born This Way Ball on 16 November 2012.

The Monsters of Rock festival was held in the stadium in 1994 and 1999 with Kiss, Black Sabbath, Slayer, Metallica, and Sepultura. Metallica again performed at the stadium in 2010 in the World Magnetic Tour.

Iron Maiden performed at the venue on 27 September 2013 as part of the Maiden England World Tour. The British metallers performed for over 60,000 people in a 145-minute show.[12]

Soda Stereo performed the final concert on 20 September 1997 during the farewell tour. This concert was recorded and released in two parts, El Último Concierto A and B and DVD. Later they performed a series of six sold-out historic concerts at the stadium in 2007 during the tour Me Verás Volver, holding the record of the South American and Spanish bands, with the most sold-out concerts at the same stadium. One of the concerts was recorded and became the CD/DVD Gira Me Verás Volver

List of concerts
Year Date Performer Opening act Event Attendance Additional notes
1987 11 December Sting Fito Páez Nothing Like the Sun Tour 87.000 ± First ever artist to perform with sold out tickets at that venue.
1988 3 January Tina Turner Os Paralamas do Sucesso Break Every Rule World Tour
15 October Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Sting, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N’Dour, León Gieco, Charly García Human Rights Now!
1989 3 March Rod Stewart Luis Alberto Spinetta Out of Order Tour
1990 29 September David Bowie Bryan Adams Sound+Vision Tour 60.356
5 October Eric Clapton Mick Taylor Journeyman World Tour 70.000 ±
1991 14 January Billy Idol Charmed Life Tour
21 January Prince, Robert Plant, Joe Cocker, Billy Idol Rock & Pop Festival
22 January INXS The X Factor World Tour
1992 21 November Elton John Nito Mestre The One Tour
22 November
5 December Guns N’ Roses Pappo, Ratones Paranoicos Use Your Illusion Tour
6 December
7 December Paul Simon, The Cult, John Kay, Inspiral Carpets, Nito Mestre Derby Festival
8 December
19 December Serú Girán
20 December
1993 16 July Guns N’ Roses La Guardia del Fuego, Los Guarros Use Your Illusion Tour Last two performances of the band’s original line up for over two decades.
17 July
8 October Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour 225.000 ±
10 October
12 October
30 October Madonna The Girlie Show 120.000 ±
31 October
10 December Paul McCartney Nito Mestre The New World Tour
11 December
12 December
1994 3 September Black Sabbath, Kiss, Slayer, Hermética Monsters of Rock
4 September
17 September UB40 Os Paralamas do Sucesso, Los Pericos
1995 9 February The Rolling Stones Pappo, Las Pelotas, Ratones Paranoicos Voodoo Lounge Tour 344.144
11 February
12 February
14 February
16 February
23 April Phil Collins Both Sides of the World Tour
24 April
3 November Elton John Made In England Tour
4 November Bon Jovi These Days Tour
16 November Fito Páez Fabiana Cantilo, Los Tres
1996 16 March The Ramones Iggy Pop, Die Toten Hosen, Ataque 77 ¡Adios Amigos! Tour Last show from the band outside USA.
18 October AC/DC Rata Blanca, Divididos, Riff Ballbreaker Tour
19 October
7 December Luis Miguel Tour America 1996 120.000 ±
8 December
1997 14 March Kiss Pantera, V8, Malón Alive/Worldwide Tour
20 September Soda Stéreo Santos Inocentes El Último Concierto
4 October Enrique Iglesias Tour Vivir
1998 5 February U2 Babasónicos, Illya Kuryaki and the Valderramas PopMart Tour 160.478
6 February
7 February
29 March The Rolling Stones Bob Dylan, Meredith Brooks, Las Pelotas, Viejas Locas Bridges to Babylon Tour 271.766 The last show were filmed and recorded for the band's concert film and live album Bridges to Buenos Aires.
30 March
2 April
4 April
5 April
10 April Kiss Rammstein Psycho Circus Tour
1999 14 May Metallica, Sepultura, Almafuerte, Catupecu Machu Monsters of Rock
2000 15 April Patricio Rey y sus Redonditos de Ricota Ultimo Bondi a Finisterre
16 April
2001 28 April Backstreet Boys Black & Blue Tour
6 October Eric Clapton Memphis La Blusera Reptile World Tour 35.000 ±
2002 16 October Red Hot Chili Peppers By the Way Tour
30 November La Renga Gira Documento Único
2003 3 May Shakira Tour of the Mongoose 60.000 ±
20 December Los Piojos Máquina de Sangre
2005 17 April La Renga Tour Detonador
2006 21 February The Rolling Stones Los Piojos, Las Pelotas, La 25 A Bigger Bang Tour
23 February
1 March U2 Franz Ferdinand Vertigo Tour 150.424 Both shows were filmed for the band's concert film U2 3D, the first live-action 3D digital film.
2 March
14 October Robbie Williams La Portuaria Close Encounters Tour
15 October
2007 3 March Ricky Martin Black and White Tour 43.549
17 March Roger Waters Dark Side of the Moon Live 107.844
18 March
23 March Alejandro Sanz El Tren De Los Momentos Tour
12 April Aerosmith, Evanescence, Keane, Velvet Revolver, Bad Religion, Babasónicos, Catupecu Machu, Ataque 77, Ratones Paranoicos, Divididos, El Tri, Árbol, Kapanga, Intoxicados Quilmes Rock
13 April
14 April
15 April
12 May Bersuit Vergarabat
15 May High School Musical High School Musical: The Concert
16 May
19 October Soda Stereo Gira Me Verás Volver
20 October
21 October
26 October Chayanne Mi Tiempo Tour
2 November Soda Stereo Gira Me Verás Volver
3 November
1 December The Police Beck, Fiction Plane, Estelares The Police Reunion Tour 87.967 Both shows were filmed and recorded for the band's concert film and live album Certifiable: Live in Buenos Aires.
2 December
21 December Soda Stereo Gira Me Verás Volver
2008 30 March Ozzy Osbourne, Korn, Black Label Society, Rata Blanca, Carajo Quilmes Rock
4 December Madonna Paul Oakenfold Sticky & Sweet Tour 263.693 All shows were filmed and recorded for the singer's concert film and live album Sticky & Sweet Tour.
5 December
7 December
8 December
12 December Los Fabulosos Cadillacs Satánico Pop Tour
13 December
2009 5 April Kiss Alive 35 World Tour
3 May Oasis Los Tipitos, Estelares Dig Out Your Soul Tour 48.965
21 May The Jonas Brothers Demi Lovato Jonas Brothers World Tour 2009 43.502
30 May Los Piojos
2 December AC/DC Las Pelotas Black Ice World Tour 170.630 All shows were filmed and recorded for the band's concert film and live album Live at River Plate.
4 December
6 December
2010 21 February Metallica Horcas, O’Connor World Magnetic Tour
21 February
26 February Coldplay Bat For Lashes Viva la Vida Tour 53.708
3 October Bon Jovi Los Tipitos The Circle Tour 37.633
10 October Paul McCartney Ciro y los Persas Up and Coming Tour 91.262
11 October
13 November The Jonas Brothers Jonas Brothers: Live in Concert
2011 6 May Miley Cyrus Valeria Gastaldi Gypsy Heart Tour 65.000 ±
16 September Ricky Martin Miranda! Musica + Alma + Sexo World Tour
18 September Red Hot Chili Peppers Foals, Massacre I'm with You World Tour
12 October Justin Bieber My World Tour 66.386
13 October
14 October Eric Clapton Guasones
2012 7 March Roger Waters The Wall Live (2010–13) 430.678
9 March
10 March
12 March
14 March
15 March
17 March
18 March
20 March
3 April Foo Fighters, Arctic Monkeys, MGMT, Cage the Elephant, Band of Horses, TV on the Radio, Massacre Quilmes Rock
4 April
7 November Kiss Rata Blanca Monster World Tour 48.000 ±
16 November Lady Gaga Lady Starlight Born This Way Ball 45.007
13 December Madonna Laidback Luke The MDNA Tour 89.226
15 December
2013 12 April The Cure Utopians LatAm 2013
27 September Iron Maiden Slayer, Ghost Maiden England World Tour 50.680
9 November Justin Bieber Cody Simpson, Carly Rae Jepsen, Owl City Believe Tour
10 November
2015 28 February Romeo Santos Vol. 2 Tour
1 March
2016 4 November Guns N’ Roses Airbag Not in This Lifetime... Tour 105.026
5 November
17 December La Beriso
2017 16 December Abel Pintos Gira 11
18 December
2018 15 December Ciro y los Persas
2022 30 September Guns N’ Roses Guns N' Roses 2020 Tour
25 October Coldplay H.E.R. Music of the Spheres World Tour Records of shows, tickets sold and gross revenue at the venue.
26 October
28 October
29 October
1 November
2 November
4 November
5 November
7 November
8 November
3 December Harry Styles Koffee Love On Tour
4 December

Facilities[edit]

Ciudad Universitaria station next to the stadium

The stadium can house 74,624 people, after its renovation for the 1978 World Cup. The opening and final matches were both held in the Monumental, which had a capacity of 76,600 at the time because all of the popular stands were standing-only.

Microestadio, indoor arena that hosts River Plate's basketball and volleyball matches.

The stadium complex also has facilities for tennis, basketball, and other sports, as well as living quarters for young footballers, a theatre hall, a parking lot, museum etc. It can be accessed by several train and bus lines as it is located within walking distance from the Barrancas de Belgrano transportation hub. Contrary to most other stadiums in the Buenos Aires area, there is a sizable car park outside the stadium.

2014–2016 renovation[edit]

In the recent years, with the new administration, the stadium has gone through an extensive renovation program that ranged from the people's logistic to the stadium's display.

  • In November 2014, the stadium's display was removed and a new full-color led was installed; this one is 19,45m wide and 7,16m tall, tripling the size of the old one and making it the largest in a South American stadium.[13] On the same period a new Paddock Club and hospitality seatings were installed at field level.
  • In August 2015, the Ciudad Universitaria station was opened on the Belgrano Norte Line in order to serve both the stadium and the University of Buenos Aires' Ciudad Universitaria campus located on the other side of the tracks. The stadium is linked to the station with a viaduct and the line connects the stadium to both central Buenos Aires through its Retiro terminal and also some of the city's northern outskirts.[14] There were extensive renovations in the bathrooms, and led screens were installed in boxes and stalls.
  • In November 2015, the River Plate Museum was fully renewed: attractions were added and a River Plate store were built, where officially licensed products are sold.[15]
  • In December 2015, a tempered glass envelope was installed over the outer lower rings of the stadium to create a better ambience to the spectators.

The renovation plan is still in progress as the club seeks funding for a large improvement plan which includes raising the capacity of the stadium to 80,000 spectators.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mâs Monumental, River Plate official website
  2. ^ Mâs Monumental: el nuevo naming del estadio de River on CARP website, 5 Apr 2022
  3. ^ River dio a conocer el nuevo Monumental y su sponsor, Telam, 28 Jun 2022
  4. ^ a b c The Stadium Guide. "El Monumental". Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  5. ^ Sting fue el primer artista en llenar el estadio Monumental, Diario Popular, 31 Oct 2014
  6. ^ Kinder, Paul. "The Sound+Vision Tour". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Después de once años, Eric Clapton vuelve a Argentina – Suplemento Estilo – Diario Los Andes". Estilo (in Spanish). Los Andes. 6 October 2001. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Eric Clapton y su Visita al Argentina en 2001". Taringa! (in Spanish). Wiroos. 31 January 2016. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  9. ^ "Madonna.com". madonna.com. Archived from the original on 2010-01-02.
  10. ^ "Tour dates". rogerwaters.com. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  11. ^ List of Kiss concert tours
  12. ^ Pagano, María (28 September 2013). "Iron Maiden reunió en River a dos generaciones de "metaleros"". La Nación. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04.
  13. ^ Plate, Club Atletico River. "River Plate inauguró la pantalla de LED más grande de Sudamérica". caRiverPlate.com.ar. Archived from the original on 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
  14. ^ "Inauguran hoy la estación de tren de Ciudad Universitaria" Archived 2015-08-30 at the Wayback Machine, Clarín, 29 Ago 2015
  15. ^ Plate, Club Atletico River. "Se reinauguró el Museo River". caRiverPlate.com.ar. Archived from the original on 2016-07-02. Retrieved 2016-12-20.

External links[edit]

Preceded by Copa América
Final Venue

1946
Succeeded by
Preceded by
None
Pan American Games
Main Stadium

1951
Succeeded by
Preceded by Copa América
Final Venue

1959
Succeeded by
Preceded by FIFA World Cup
Opening Venue

1978
Succeeded by
Preceded by FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1978
Succeeded by
Preceded by
two-legged final
Copa América
Final Venue

1987
Succeeded by
Preceded by Copa América
Final Venue

2011
Succeeded by

Coordinates: 34°32′43.15″S 58°26′59.05″W / 34.5453194°S 58.4497361°W / -34.5453194; -58.4497361