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Abū Ishāk al-Fārisī al-Iṣṭakhrī
|Era||Islamic Golden Age|
|School or tradition||Balkhi school|
|Main interests||Islamic geography|
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al-Istakhri (آبو إسحاق إبراهيم بن محمد الفارسي الإصطخري) (also Estakhri, Persian: استخری, i.e. from the Iranian city of Istakhr, b. - d. 957 AD [346AH]) was a 10th century travel-author and geographer who wrote valuable accounts in Arabic of the many Muslim territories he visited during the Abbasid era of the Islamic Golden Age. Istakhri met the celebrated traveller-geographer Ibn Haukul, while travelling in the Indus Valley  and Haukul's magnum opus, Kitab al-Surat al-Ard, incorporated the work of Istakhri. He has been described as being Persian.
Istakhri's account of windmills is the earliest known.
Istakhri's two surviving works are:
- Masalik al-Mamalik (مسالك الممالك, "Routes of the Realms")
- Suwar al-Aqaaleem ( صور الاقاليم, "Pictures of the Regions")
An 8-volume edition of works by medieval Arab geographers, edited by the dutch orientalist Michael Jan de Goeje in a series titled Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum was published by Brill, Lugduni-Batavora (Leiden) in the 1870s. An edition of Istakhri's MS text was produced for the first volume under the Latin title Viae Regnorum descriptio ditionis Moslemicae - "Description of Roads of the Kingdoms in Muslim territories". In 1927 the editor Theodore Noldeke produced a second edition.
In 1845 the german orientalist A. D. Mordtmann published a translation in Hamburg with the title Das Buch der Länder von Schech Ebu Ishak el Farsi el Isztachri, with a foreword by C. Ritter. (Schriften der Akademie von Ham Bd. 1, Abth. 2).
- Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1989). "al-Masālik wa'l-Mamālik". The Encyclopedia of Islam, Volume 6. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 639-640.
- de Goeje, M.J., ed. (1927). Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum (1927), vol 1: Viae Regnorum descriptio ditionis Moslemicae auctore Abu Ishák al-Fárisí al-Istakhrí (in Arabic). Leden: E. J. Brill.
- Ouseley, William, ed. (1800). The oriental geography of Ebn Haukal, an Arabian traveller of the tenth century. London. - Note: in fact, it is a work by Istakhri
- Al-Istakhri, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad (1927), Goeje, M. J. de; Noldeke, Theodore, eds., "Viae Regnorum descriptio ditionis Moslemicae auctore Abū Ishāk al-Fārisi al-Istakhri", Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum (in Arabic and Latin) (2 ed.), Lugdunum Batavorum (Leiden): Brill publishers, 1
- Ibn Haukal (1873), Goeje, M. J. de, ed., "Viae et regna, descriptio ditionis moslemicae auctore Abu'l-Kasim Ibn Haukal", Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum (in Arabic and Latin), Lugdunum Batavorum (Leiden): Brill publishers, 2
- Goeje, M. J. de, ed. (1870), "Indices, glossarium et addenda et emendanda ad Part I-III", Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum (in Arabic and Latin), Lugdunum Batavorum (Leiden): Brill, 4
- Das Buch der Länder von Schech Ebu Ishak el Farsi el Isztachri, translated by Mordtmann, Andreas David, Frankfurt/M.: Rauhen Hauses in Horn, 1995 
- Mojtahed-Zadeh, Pirous. "The Persian Gulf in the Geographical Views of the Ancient World" In Cartographie Historique du Golfe Persique. Edited by M. Taleghani, D. Silva Couto, & J.-L. Bacque-Grammont. Louvain, Belgium: Diffusion, 2006. 17.
- "Maggs Bros LTD".
Al-Istakhri (or, Estakhri), was a Persian medieval geographer who lived and worked in the 10th Century.
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