Estancia, New Mexico

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Estancia, New Mexico
Williams Memorial Library
Williams Memorial Library
Official seal of Estancia, New Mexico
Seal
Location of Estancia, New Mexico
Location of Estancia, New Mexico
Estancia, New Mexico is located in the US
Estancia, New Mexico
Estancia, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°45′37″N 106°3′39″W / 34.76028°N 106.06083°W / 34.76028; -106.06083Coordinates: 34°45′37″N 106°3′39″W / 34.76028°N 106.06083°W / 34.76028; -106.06083
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyTorrance
Area
 • Total5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
 • Land5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
6,109 ft (1,862 m)
Population
 • Total1,655
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
1,584
 • Density290/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
87009, 87016
Area code(s)505
FIPS code35-25380
GNIS feature ID0918179

Estancia is a town in Torrance County, New Mexico, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 1,584. It is the county seat of Torrance County.[2]

Estancia is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Estancia is shown as a town “destroyed by enemies” (nomadic Indians) on a famous map made by Don Bernardo de Miera y Pacheco in 1779.[3]

Geography[edit]

Estancia is located at 34°45′37″N 106°3′39″W / 34.76028°N 106.06083°W / 34.76028; -106.06083 (34.760380, -106.060748).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.35%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910517
192057811.8%
19306349.7%
19406685.4%
195091637.1%
1960797−13.0%
1970721−9.5%
198083015.1%
1990792−4.6%
20001,584100.0%
20101,6554.5%
Est. 20161,584[1]−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,584 people, 393 households, and 284 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.7 people per square mile (107.3/km²). There were 487 housing units at an average density of 85.4 per square mile (33.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.08% White, 10.16% African American, 2.21% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 14.71% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.57% of the population.

Over half the population in 2010 consisted of inmates in the CoreCivic prison on the east side of town, built in 1990.[7] The corporation has threatened to close the prison before October, 2017, saying it will shut down if it cannot be provided with another 300 prisoners to increase its bottom line. It employs 200, and provides a substantial amount of income, $700,000 annually and $300,000 in taxes to the city and county.[8][9]

There were 393 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 40.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 186.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 217.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,276, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $26,932 versus $18,214 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,479. About 19.9% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Estancia has a typical New Mexico cool semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). During the “summer” season from April to June, afternoons change from warm to hot, mornings move from freezing or near-freezing to cool, and the sky is generally very clear. The monsoon season from July to September provides the heaviest precipitation due to frequent thunderstorms, although diurnal temperature ranges remain above 35 °F or 19.4 °C. The cool winter half of the year from October to March gradually chills with freezing mornings almost every day. Over a whole year 177.1 mornings fall below freezing although most afternoons even in the depth of winter are cool and sunny and maxima during an average winter top freezing on all but 6.1 afternoons. Occasionally, an extratropical storm will penetrate far south enough to provide an easterly flow from the Gulf of Mexico: the average annual snowfall is 19.2 inches or 0.49 metres, although as much as 46.0 inches (1.17 m) fell in January 1987, and over 55.1 inches (1.40 m) between July 1915 and June 1916.

Since records began in 1904 the wettest calendar year has been 1911 with 27.25 inches (692.1 mm) and the driest 1955 with only 4.80 inches (121.9 mm), followed by 1956 with 4.87 inches (123.7 mm). The wettest month has been October 1911 with 9.66 inches (245.4 mm), followed by July 1911 with 7.79 inches (197.9 mm), and June 1996 with 7.05 inches (179.1 mm). The wettest days has been June 27, 1996 with 3.05 inches (77.5 mm), the hottest afternoon 19 June 1989 which reached 104 °F (40 °C) and the coldest morning on January 7, 1971 when the mercury fell to −37 °F (−38.3 °C).

Climate data for Estancia, New Mexico (1904 to 2016)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
77
(25)
84
(29)
88
(31)
96
(36)
104
(40)
103
(39)
98
(37)
96
(36)
89
(32)
79
(26)
74
(23)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 46.4
(8)
51.1
(10.6)
58.7
(14.8)
67.7
(19.8)
76.5
(24.7)
86.3
(30.2)
88.6
(31.4)
85.9
(29.9)
79.9
(26.6)
69.7
(20.9)
57.3
(14.1)
47.6
(8.7)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 15.6
(−9.1)
19.7
(−6.8)
24.5
(−4.2)
31.2
(−0.4)
39.1
(3.9)
46.9
(8.3)
53.1
(11.7)
52.0
(11.1)
44.2
(6.8)
32.7
(0.4)
22.2
(−5.4)
15.3
(−9.3)
33
(0.6)
Record low °F (°C) −37
(−38)
−30
(−34)
−9
(−23)
2
(−17)
12
(−11)
23
(−5)
35
(2)
33
(1)
20
(−7)
4
(−16)
−22
(−30)
−33
(−36)
−37
(−38)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.53
(13.5)
0.53
(13.5)
0.60
(15.2)
0.66
(16.8)
0.99
(25.1)
0.92
(23.4)
2.21
(56.1)
2.37
(60.2)
1.52
(38.6)
1.25
(31.8)
0.57
(14.5)
0.74
(18.8)
12.89
(327.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.1
(10.4)
4.0
(10.2)
2.1
(5.3)
0.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
1.6
(4.1)
5.8
(14.7)
19.2
(48.7)
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Map in Eleanor B. Adams and Fray Angelico Chavez, The Missions of New Mexico, 1776, The University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. Copyright 1956 and 1975.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ Torrance County Detention Facility. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  8. ^ Private prison demands New Mexico and feds find 300 more prisoners within 60 days or it will close, Alternet, Stephen Rosenfeld, August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  9. ^ Company plans to close private Estancia prison, lay off 200, The New Mexican, Phaedra Haywood, July 25, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  10. ^ ESTANCIA 4N, NEW MEXICO (293060)