This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (February 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The United States Post Office in Ester, Alaska
|Borough||Fairbanks North Star|
|• Borough mayor||Bryce J. Ward|
|• State senators||Click Bishop (R)|
John Coghill (R)
|• State reps.||David Guttenberg (D)|
Adam Wool (D)
|• Total||64.3 sq mi (166.5 km2)|
|• Land||64.2 sq mi (166.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||722 ft (220 m)|
|• Density||38/sq mi (14.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-8 (AKDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1397658|
Ester Camp Historic District
Alaska Heritage Resources Survey
Boundaries of Ester Camp Historic District
|Location||Off AK 3, Ester, Alaska|
|Area||11.4 acres (4.6 ha)|
|Architect||Fairbanks Exploration Company|
|NRHP reference #||87000703|
|Added to NRHP||May 6, 1987|
Ester is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States. It is part of the Fairbanks, Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population in the CDP was 2,422 at the 2010 census, although there are only about a dozen homes in the village itself. The Ester Camp Historic District is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Ester was founded as a gold mining camp in the early 1900s, and the economy has focused on mining and services for miners. The Ester Community Association was founded in 1941, and continues to work for the welfare of the community, e.g. establishing and maintaining the Ester Community Park and sponsoring an annual Fourth of July parade. There are several small businesses in Ester, including two saloons, a publishing house, a jewelry maker, hand crafted soap maker, and local artisans. The Ester Volunteer Fire Department, John Trigg Ester Library, Ester Historic Society, and Ester Post Office serve residents in Ester and surrounding areas. There is also a convenience store and secular chapel on the outskirts of the village. Many artists, writers, and musicians reside in Ester, and the local art and music scene has thrived for many years.
- 1 Ester in geological and prehistoric time
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 People and other residents of Ester
- 7 Wildlife
- 8 Ester culture
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Ester in geological and prehistoric time
The hydraulic mining technique of directing high pressurized streams of water onto the land to uncover gold revealed that Ester had rich deposits of fossils and bones of prehistoric animals. In the 1950s, Walter Wigger, who owned the Ester Creek Gold Mine, discovered a 198-pound mammoth tusk along Ester Creek. Photographs taken by tourists in the 1940s document huge piles of bones of prehistoric animals including tusks, skulls, and large leg bones that were washed out by the process of stripping.
Early history and founding
Ester was originally a gold mining camp on Ester Creek, with the first claim staked in February 1903 by Latham A. Jones. Jones worked with the Eagle Mining Company, the biggest claimholder on Glen Gulch in the Rampart mining district, but it was an independent miner, John "Jack" Mihalcik, a Czechoslovakian immigrant born in 1866, who was the first person to actually discover gold on Ester Creek. Mihalcik staked his claim in November 1903 but the news of the discovery of gold did not become public until the following February. By 1907, Ester City had a population of around 200 people, with a thriving mining industry. A social hall was completed in 1907, and was well known throughout the mining district for its dance floor. The hall was used for religious services as well as dances, movies, card games, parties, and other entertainment. The town had five saloons and two hotels. In 1908 and 1910, the hall was the site of campaign speeches by candidates for the seat of Territorial Delegate. (Labor won in 1908, but Judge James Wickersham won the Ester precinct in 1910.) By 1909 Ester City had a baseball field, a doctor, a mine workers' union local, and a teacher, but gold production was beginning to decline.
The Berry Post Office moved in 1910 from near the Berry brothers' claim about two miles downstream from Ester City into J.C. Kinney's general store in Ester. The post office retained the name of Berry until 1965, when it was finally changed to that of the town it had been in for 55 years. In the mid-1920s, the Fairbanks Exploration Company began buying claims on Ester Creek, started operations in 1929, and in 1933 built a mess hall for their camp in Ester. The buildings are now a historic landmark used until 2008 as a tourist attraction, restaurant, and hotel. The F.E. Company revitalized the town, reshaping it to do large-scale open-pit mining using enormous floating dredges and draglines. In the process, much of the original sites of Berry and Ester were removed.
In 1941, the Ester Community Association was founded. In 1958 The F.E. Company sold their Ester camp, and it reopened under new management as a historic resort. The Cripple Creek Resort, which later became the Ester Gold Camp, featured a musical variety show including Robert W. Service's poetry, held at a sawdust-strewn bar known as the Malemute Saloon, after Service's poem, "The Shooting of Dan McGrew", until the resort closed in 2007. The Malemute Saloon continues to operate on selected weekends during the summer, and often features live music by local bands. In 1974, the Ester Volunteer Fire Department was officially founded after nearly a century of bucket brigades. Gold mining continued on a small scale. In 1986, the Ester Community Association, working with the Fairbanks North Star Borough, built the Ester Community Park, which became a local center of social activity. In 2017, the Ester Community Association purchased the park from a local resident, holding chili feeds, music festivals, and other fundraising events.
In 1988, Mushing magazine began publication in Ester and continued to be produced and published there until it was sold in 2005. The town became the site of a sled dog stage race between Ester and Nenana and back again, the Fireplug Sled Dog Race, which was held for ten years, from 1990 to 2001, and in which many famous mushers participated, including Dean Seibold and Jeff King. In January 1999, the town's first newspaper, The Ester Republic, was founded by Deirdre Helferrich; it was published regularly until 2015, and now is published sporadically. In August 1999 the John Trigg Ester Library (JTEL) opened, a membership library named after a local resident who had started a book exchange in a nearby bar. In 2012, the JTEL received a donation of a local log cabin built in the 1940s, and relocated many of its holdings to the new space. Today the village features two saloons, five publishers, a library, a community hall, a secular chapel, a post office with its own zip code (99725), silversmiths and other artisans, numerous art studios, about two dozen homes, most of which were built by their owners, and three active gold mines. There is a fire station, a small store, and a secular chapel on the outskirts of the village.
The Ester Historic Society was founded in 2018. Its collection was donated by local residents and contains historical photographs, letters, and other documents. Along with the John Trigg Ester Library, the Ester Historic Society hosts talks and book readings about Ester and the surrounding area.
Ester is located at (64.855700, -147.978434).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 64.3 square miles (166.5 km2), of which 64.2 square miles (166.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.08%, is water.
Ester Community Park
Ester has a well-used park, maintained and improved by the Ester Community Association's Park Committee and other volunteers from the community. The park has an ice rink that doubles as a basketball court in the summer, a children's playground, a picnic pavilion, a stage, and a soccer field. The park, situated next to the Ester Volunteer Fire Department, is the site of numerous soccer games, Ester Football League games, broomball, the Fourth of July picnic, musical gatherings, and other events throughout the year. In the summer, there is a farmers market on Thursday evenings where local farmers and gardeners sell their goods. In 2017, the Ester Community Association purchased the park from a local land owner.
The village square
Ester village wraps around a square at the foot of Ester Lump, the name of a bump on the side of Ester Dome. This "town square" is actually the parking lot of the Golden Eagle Saloon, divided in two sections by Main Street, but functions as a focal point and central gathering place during celebrations such as the Fourth of July and New Year's Eve. Private residences, the John Trigg Ester Library, and the Golden Eagle Saloon surround the square.
Due to the mining in the area, Ester is currently surrounded by piles of gravel and dirt tailings.
The local saw has it that "Ester is still around because there is a McDonald's in Fairbanks." This is true both culturally and economically. Many Ester residents are employed in Fairbanks or at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, although there are many small Ester-area businesses and self-employed people. The largest Ester employers are seasonal, with Judie Gumm Designs, and the local mines as the businesses with the most employees. Fairbanks provides a market for Ester products and services and thus helps to keep the small Ester economy alive. Because Fairbanks acts as a draw (due to its larger market and resources) for such things as big-box stores and fast food chains, Ester has been able to retain its mining village feel. This is important to Ester's tourist economy, which capitalizes on the status of the gold camp buildings as a historic landmark. In fall 2007, the owners of the Ester Gold Camp (Malemute, Inc.) announced that they would not reopen the resort in 2008, but do open the camp bar (the Malemute Saloon) for a 30-day period each summer to retain the liquor license. This has had an effect on Ester's summer economy, and resulted in the closure of at least two shops, in anticipation of the dearth of tourists.
In response to the closure of the Gold Camp, a group of local business owners have formed the EMCE (or Ester Ministry of Community Enterprise), which has been accepted as an ad-hoc committee of the Ester Community Association, to support Ester-area businesses and craftspeople. The EMCE occasionally sponsors a local open-air farmers' market, and a Planting Day to beautify the village.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Ester first appeared on the 1910 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village (erroneously as "Esther"). It did not appear again until 1940 and has reported on each successive census. In 1980, it was made a census-designated place (CDP).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,680 people, 727 households, and 386 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 26.0 people per square mile (10.0/km²). There were 814 housing units at an average density of 12.6/sq mi (4.9/km²). The racial/ethnic makeup of the CDP was 87.44% White, 0.89% Black or African American, 4.58% Alaska Native or Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 5.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.50% of the population.
There were 727 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.9% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 40.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 2.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $50,461, and the median income for a family was $73,750. Males had a median income of $41,713 versus $24,850 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,155. About 4.9% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,422 people, 727 households, and 534 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 34.7 people per square mile (14.5/km²). There were 1,229 housing units at an average density of 19.1/sq mi (7.3/km²). The racial/ethnic makeup of the CDP was 84.6% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 6.7% Alaska Native or Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.
There were 1,069 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.0% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.2 males.
People and other residents of Ester
Ester residents are referred to either as Esterites or Esteroids. The latter term is more commonly applied to those living in the vicinity, rather than the village proper, or to newly arrived residents. A term for the village itself is The People's Republic of Ester, which may be used either as an affectionate or derogatory nickname for the community (it was originally an insult used in a letter to the editor, but is now frequently used with pride by residents to indicate the village's independent mindset).
Clarence Berry was a successful miner who lived in the immediate vicinity of Ester, at No. 8 Below Discovery Claim.
Richard A. Fineberg is an investigative journalist living in Ester who specializes in petroleum development and environment-related issues. He has lived in Alaska since 1969 and works as a freelance writer and consultant.
Deirdre Helfferich is a noted bibliophile, artist, and writer. She was the publisher and editor of the Ester Republic, a local community newspaper for over 14 years until her retirement. She was also the key player in the establishment of the John Trigg Ester Library.
Painter Magnus Colcord "Rusty" Heurlin, 1895-1986. Rusty was born in Christanstad, Sweden, to American parents and raised in Wakefield, Massachusetts. He attended art classes at the Fenway School of Illustration in Boston. He first came to Alaska in 1916, to Valdez, but left the state during World War I. He returned to Alaska in 1924, and moved to Ester, where he remained until his death. Heurlin was known for his pastel palette and luminous skies, and influenced many later Alaska artists.
Ruth Jasper was a beloved postmistress for Ester for more than thirty years. She died in 2012 after living in Ester for four decades.
Eleanor Loback Garwood (1919-1989) better known as Ida Lane Clausen, was for years a main attraction for the variety show at the Malemute Saloon. Born in Georgia, she played rag time piano, sang, danced and acted on stage, published a cookbook that continues to be distributed by the University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Agency, and wrote columns for the Fairbanks News-Miner.
Ester is a dog-friendly community, and many dogs are well known. Notable dogs, in alphabetical order, include: Bella; Ester the First; Jack the Dog; Jenny; Leo; Max; Olive; Oskar; Pearson; Pinga; and Regan.
Because the village is surrounded by boreal forests, moose, ermine, snowshoe hare, foxes, least shrew, lynx, American red squirrel, porcupine, red-backed vole, and other northern mammals are commonly seen in Ester. Coyotes and black bears are seasonal visitors. Wolves are occasionally spotted. Many bird species thrive in the area such as black capped chickadee, boreal chickadee, hawk owl, cliff swallow, hairy woodpecker, spruce grouse, ruffed grouse, ruby-crowned kinglet, trumpeter swan, grey jay, raven, and pine grosbeak. Owls include great horned owl, boreal owl, and great grey owl.
Insects common in Ester include numerous species of bumblebees, hornets, yellow jackets, and wasps. Butterflies include Canadian swallowtail, mourning cloak, painted lady, arctic frittillary, Mormon frittillary, and clouded sulphur. Damselflies and dragonflies are also commonly spotted in Ester, as are several types of moths. There are over 35 different species of mosquitoes, some of which emerge while there is still snow on the ground in April.
Agriculture and subsistence
Fishing, hunting, and food gathering are important aspects of Alaskan living in general, both for recreation and for subsistence, and Ester is no exception. The community is zoned as rural, despite its proximity to the state's second-largest city. Many Ester residents fish and/or hunt, and berry- and mushroom-picking are regular seasonal activities. Gardening has long been a part of Ester's culture, and farming has been growing in popularity since 2000, which saw the establishment of Calypso Farm & Ecology Center in the hills near the village. Calypso provides community-supported agriculture shares for over 80 families, with other CSAs starting up in the area. The Ester library has a seed library program.
Ester has a strong art community, including painters, photographers, collagistes, sculptors, metals smiths, and woodworkers. It has hosted an annual intercontinental simultaneous art exhibit since 2000, the BiPolar Art Show, with the MAAG (the Mechanical Equipment Center Alternative Art Gallery) in McMurdo, Antarctica. Three commercial galleries and several private studios provide sales venues for local and other artists.
An informal mixed-media 'school of assemblage' may be said to exist in Ester: several local artists rely on dumpster finds, printed materials, and historically significant items in their artwork, with themes relating to religious iconography, local history, and political satire.
Golden Eagle Saloon
The Golden Eagle saloon is often considered to be the hub of the village of Ester. While many Ester residents do not regularly go there, the saloon is the host of many fundraisers and other activities that attract Esterites and Esteroids, plus tourists and residents of the nearby communities of Fairbanks, Fox, Goldstream, and North Pole. The Golden Eagle is open 365 days a year, and annually hosts a Thanksgiving potluck feast, a Christmas gift exchange, Stone Soup and Christmas caroling, and community-funded fireworks on New Year's Eve. Music jams often happen both inside and outside on the covered porch of the Golden Eagle; Sunday jams are a staple of Ester community life. On Sundays, the Golden Eagle Saloon is smoke-free inside.
Mines, having been the central reason for the village's existence for most of its history, are still important in Ester culture. Old dredge parts and mining equipment can be found in the forest that has grown up around the village since major dredging ended in the 1960s, some of which have been incorporated into artistic works. The Malemute Saloon's variety show capitalizes on the town's mining history, particularly the influence of Clarence Berry, whose mine at 8 Below Discovery Claim was the largest and most successful in the Ester area during its early history. Ester Dome continues to attract large mining concerns, and several small-scale gold mines provide residents with income.
Ester has a vibrant local music culture, and is the site of several annual music festivals: Angry Young & Poor (also known as AYP), a free all-day concert oriented toward area youth; the Fairbanks Summer Folk Fest, a 35-year old folk festival; the LiBerry Music Festival & Pie Throwdown, a fundraiser for the John Trigg Ester Library; and Ester Fest, a family-friendly musical fundraiser for the Ester Community Park which held its inaugural festival in 2017. An old time string band gathering, the Ester Jelly Jam, has an open jam occasionally on Sunday afternoons at Hartung Hall. A local group, the Lost Dog Old-Time String Band, hosts a monthly square/contra dance there. Impromptu music jams occur nightly on the saloon porches in the summer, and every Sunday in the winter. Sundays at the Golden Eagle are smoke free. Area venues and events regularly feature local, live music.
The Ester Community Association sponsors an annual Fourth of July parade that travels from the village square on Main Street past the post office, turning right onto Old Nenana Highway, and ending about one mile away at the Ester Community Park. The parade features giant puppets, a children's bike brigade, small scale floats, antique cars and trucks, and dancing by the crew of the Ester Volunteer Fire Department. Summer residents of Calypso Farm throw vegetables to the crowd, and local politicians and community organizations hand out literature and candy. Lady Liberty and Uncle Sam are usually in the parade. The Red Hackle Pipe Band, a local music group who plays authentic Scottish bagpipes, drums, and flutes, traditionally begins the parade. The parade is followed by a community potluck featuring a pig roast, live music, and games. A local water delivery business, Water Wagon, sprays water on children and others who want to cool off. One local newspaper, the Fairbanks News-Miner, wrote this of the 2017 parade: "The people of Ester’s eccentric brand of patriotism was on display once more at the Fourth of July parade and potluck Tuesday afternoon."
Ester tends to be a liberal and Democratic-leaning area within the Fairbanks North Star Borough. In the 2008 presidential election, the Ester precinct gave Barack Obama 379 votes (50.9% of the total) compared with 320 votes (43.0%) for John McCain. In the 2010 gubernatorial election, Democrat Ethan Berkowitz received 419 votes (54.8%) to Republican Sean Parnell's 321 votes (42.0%). In the 2010 Senate election, Democrat Scott McAdams received 335 votes (43.7%) compared with 211 votes each (27.5%) for Republicans Lisa Murkowski and Joe Miller. Statewide, McAdams came in third with 23% of the vote.
In the 2016 presidential election, 60% of the votes went to Democrat Hillary Clinton compared to 28% for Republican Donald Trump. There was a wide range in election results in the precincts surrounding Ester; results ranged from 18% to 62% for Clinton, and from 20% to 70% for Trump.
The Ester voting precinct typically has relatively high voter turnout (~30% or more) in municipal elections (precinct 130 in District 08). The fire station serves as the precinct's polling place; in years past polling took place in the community center, Hartung Hall. Party affiliation tends strongly toward the Democrats, followed by the Republicans, with Greens and Alaska Independence Party voters in a rough tie for third. The majority of Ester's residents are listed on state records as unaffiliated or undeclared.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Ester CDP, Alaska". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- Ernie Carver Photographs. (1950-1969). Alaska and Polar Region Archives, University of Alaska Fairbanks. http://vilda.alaska.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/cdmg11/id/15955/rec/9
- Eby, Shelland, and Stark tourist papers. (1939-40). University of Alaska Anchorage. http://vilda.alaska.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/cdmg13/id/12134/rec/8
- "1.10 Berry Post Office on Ester Creek". Esterrepublic.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Wendy H. Arundale (1986). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Ester Camp Historic District / Cripple Creek Resort". National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-01-26. with 21 photos
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
-  Archived September 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-18.
- "A Little History," Deirdre Helfferich, The Ester Republic.
- Garwood, Galen (2018). Sell the monkey: A memoir. Marrowstone Press. ISBN 9780692084632.
- National Audubon Society (1996). Field Guide to Mammals. Albert F. Knopf, Inc.
- Tekiela, Stan (2005). Birds of Alaska. Adventure Publications, inc.
- Rehanon Pampell, Alberto Pantoja, Derek S. Sikes, Patricia Holloway, and Charles Knight. (2011-2012). "A guide to bumblebees of the Interior: a taxonomic key and notes on Bombus species." Agrobrealis 42(1): 56-67. https://www.uaf.edu/files/snre/agro_42_1.pdf
- Landolt, Peter J.; Alberto Pantoja; Aaron Hagerty; Daryl Green; and Susan Emmer. (2007). Wasps: the good, the bad, and the not-so-bad. Agroborealis 39(1): 7-13. https://www.uaf.edu/files/snre/publications/agroborealis/Agroborealis-39.1.pdf
- "Butterflies of Alaska". Retrieved July 28, 2018.
- "How to protect yourself from biting insects in Alaska".
- Jones, David (July 4, 2018). "Angry, Young and Poor gears up for annual festival". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- Long, Kyrie (May 31, 2018). "Summer Folk Fest returns to Ester on Saturday". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- Tong, Syrilyn (September 22, 2017). "Festival supports Ester community library". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- "Music, food, family surround Ester Fest". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- "esterjellyjam". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Baird, Kevin (July 5, 2017). "Esterites come out in full spirit for Fourth of July parade". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- "An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2016 election". The New York Times. July 25, 2018.
- Alaska Voter Registration by Party/Precinct
- Matthew Reckard, "Ester Myth "Berried"", v. 1 n. 1, January 1999, The Ester Republic.
- Matthew Reckard, "The Discovery of Gold on Ester Creek," v. 1 n. 3, March 1999, The Ester Republic.
- Matthew Reckard, "Early Ester's Social Hall", v. 1 n. 7, July 1998, The Ester Republic.
- Matthew Reckard, "A History of the Ester Post Office," 2002, The Ester Republic Telephone Directory and Local Et Cetera, 2nd edition.
- Mark Simpson, "The Ten Most Important Events in Ester History," TEOTWAWKI, v. 2 n. 1, January 2000, The Ester Republic.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ester, Alaska.|
Ester's newspaper and community association provide more information on the village
Other community organizations
- Calypso Farm and Ecology Center
- Ester Ministry of Community Enterprise
- Ester Village Farmers' & Craft Market
- John Trigg Ester Library