Esther Liebmann

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Esther Liebmann (née Schulhoff; 1649 – 15 April 1714) was a German Jewish financier. In Berlin, she served as Court Jew to King Friedrich I of Prussia, inheriting the title and also the Münzregal from her second husband, Jost Liebmann.[1] She served as court jeweler, assisting the king in obtaining a large collection of gems and jewelry. When her husband was living, the couple worked together and were some of the most well-to-do Jews in Berlin. After Liebmann's husband's death in 1701, she carried on their business and became responsible for minting official coinage for the crown.[2] In her lifetime, she was known as the most powerful woman in the country.[3]


  1. ^ Hertz, Deborah (1996). "The Despised Queen of Berlin Jewry, or the Life and Times of Esther Liebmann". In Mann, Vivian B.; Cohen, Richard I. From Court Jews to the Rothschilds. Art, Patronage and Power 1600–1800. New York: Prestel. pp. 67–77. ISBN 3-7913-1624-9. 
  2. ^ "Liebmann, Esther Schulhoff Aaron (c. 1645–1714) and Jost". Jewish Virtual Library. Chevy Chase, Maryland: American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. 1998. Archived from the original on 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Stoltzenberg, Peter (14 April 2014). "Die verschwiegene Herrin" [The Mute Mistress] (in German). Berlin, Germany: Der Tagesspiegel. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.