Esther Rantzen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dame
Esther Rantzen
DBE
Estherrantzennightingale.JPG
Esther Rantzen at Nightingale House in January 2011
BornEsther Louise Rantzen
(1940-06-22) 22 June 1940 (age 78)
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England
OccupationJournalist, television presenter
Years active1968 - present
Spouse(s)
Desmond Wilcox
(m. 1977; died 2000)
Children
DBE insignia

Dame Esther Louise Rantzen DBE (born 22 June 1940) is an English journalist and television presenter, who presented the BBC television series That's Life! for 21 years, from 1973 until 1994. She works with various charitable causes, and founded the charities ChildLine, promoting child protection, which she set up in 1986, and The Silver Line, designed to combat loneliness, which she set up in 2012.

Early life[edit]

Rantzen was born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England, to Katherine Flora Rantzen (née Leverson, 1911–2005) and Henry Barnato Rantzen (1902–1992). She has one younger sister, Priscilla N. Taylor. She attended Buckley Country Day School in New York leaving in 1950. She was educated at North London Collegiate School, an all-girls independent school in London. She studied English at Somerville College, Oxford, where one of her tutors was Mary Lascelles.[1] At Oxford she performed with the Oxford University Dramatic Society (OUDS), became Secretary of the Experimental Theatre Club (ETC) and joined the Oxford Theatre Group, performing in Oxford and Edinburgh.[2]

Career[edit]

BBC[edit]

After training in secretarial skills, Rantzen was recruited by BBC Radio as a trainee studio manager. She began her television career as a clerk in the programme planning department, then obtained her first production job working as a researcher on the BBC One late-night satire programme BBC3 (1965–66). Having worked as a researcher on a number of current affairs programmes, she moved to the award-winning BBC Two documentary series Man Alive in the mid-1960s.

In 1968, Rantzen, at the time a researcher for Braden's Week (hosted by Bernard Braden), became a presenter because the producer of the programme decided to put the researchers onscreen. Braden decided to return to his native Canada in 1972, to present a similar TV show there; the following year, the BBC replaced Braden's Week with That's Life! with Rantzen as the main presenter.

That's Life! ran on BBC1 for 21 years from 1973 to 1994, becoming one of the most popular shows on British television, reaching audiences of more than 18 million. During that time, it expanded the traditional role of the consumer programme from simply exposing faulty washing machines and dodgy salesmen, to investigating life-and-death issues, such as a campaign for more organ donors, which featured Ben Hardwick, a two-year-old dying of liver disease whose only hope was a transplant, and the investigation of a boarding school, the headmaster of which was a paedophile who employed several paedophile teachers.[3]

To lighten some of these very serious themes and issues, That's Life! also had some humorous spots, such as readings of amusing misprints sent in by viewers; it also featured comic songs that often matched the theme of each show, specially written and performed by artists such as Lynsey De Paul, Victoria Wood, Richard Stilgoe and Jake Thackray.[4]

In 1976, Rantzen devised the documentary series The Big Time, which launched Sheena Easton's singing career.

ChildLine[edit]

That's Life! was influential in many different ways, not least in the introduction of the videolink for child witnesses in court procedures, and it was responsible for the launch of ChildLine in 1986, the first national helpline for children in danger or distress. Rantzen had suggested the Childwatch programme to BBC One Controller Michael Grade after the death of a toddler who had starved to death, locked in a bedroom. The aim of the programme was to find better ways of detecting children at risk of abuse; to that end, viewers of That's Life! who had themselves experienced cruelty as children were asked to take part in a survey detailing the circumstances of their abuse.

Rantzen suggested that after that edition of That's Life!, the BBC should open a helpline for children, in case any young viewers suffering current abuse wished to ring in to ask for help. The helpline was open for 48 hours, during which it was swamped with calls, mainly from children suffering sexual abuse they had never been able to disclose to anyone else. This gave Rantzen the idea for a specific helpline for children in distress or danger, to be open 24/7 throughout the year, the first of its kind in the world. The Childwatch team consulted child care professionals, who agreed that children would use such a helpline, but said it would be impossible to create. Nevertheless, the team obtained funding from the Department of Health and the Variety Club of Great Britain, both of which donated £25,000. Ian Skipper OBE, a noted philanthropist who had already helped Rantzen set up a special fund in memory of Ben Hardwick, agreed to underwrite the helpline's running costs for the first year. Rantzen and the team went to BT to ask for premises for the charity and for a simple freephone number, both of which were provided.

The Childwatch programme screened on 30 October 1986 and, based on the results of the survey, launched ChildLine with a specially written jingle (by B. A. Robertson) which featured the free phone number 0800 1111. On that first night in October 1986, fifty thousand attempted calls were made to the helpline. ChildLine now has twelve bases around the UK, including two in Northern Ireland, two in Scotland and two in Wales. The NSPCC merged with ChildLine in 2006, enabling it to expand in an effort to meet demand. The helpline has now been copied in 150 countries around the world.[5]

The Silver Line[edit]

In 2013, Rantzen set up the charity The Silver Line for elderly people, to help combat isolation and loneliness in older people, to provide information and advice and to offer a helpline which is free, confidential and open 24/7. In addition, The Silver Line offers a telephone befriending service, in which trained Silver Line Friends who are volunteers working from home make regular weekly calls to matched older people. It also offers Silver Letters and conference calls, discussion groups they call Silver Circles.

Later career[edit]

In 1988, Rantzen created a television series called Hearts of Gold, celebrating people who had performed unsung acts of outstanding kindness or courage.[6] Its theme tune was written by her close friend Lynsey De Paul, and was released as a single.[7]

After That's Life! finished its 21-year run in 1994, she presented her own talk show, Esther, on BBC Two from 1996 to 2002.

In 2006, Rantzen took part in the BBC Two programmes Would Like to Meet and Excuse My French, and was selected to present a new consumer affairs show with former Watchdog presenter Lynn Faulds Wood, under the title Old Dogs New Tricks. She made a documentary for ITV called Winton's Children about Sir Nicholas Winton, who (as was first revealed on That's Life!) had rescued a generation of Czech children from the holocaust and was later nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. After the death of Rantzen's husband, film-maker Desmond Wilcox, she made a landmark programme on palliative care, How to Have a Good Death, for BBC Two. Recently she has campaigned on behalf of hospice care and better care for the elderly and terminally ill. She has also campaigned to raise awareness of ME/CFS (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome), as her eldest daughter Emily has suffered from the condition. She created the 'Children of Courage' segment for the BBC's Children in Need programme.

Rantzen was for a time a director of That's Media, which provides local TV programmes. In 2016, she was made an Honorary Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford.

In addition to her television career, as a patron or vice-president of 55 charities, she mainly concentrates on working for children, vulnerable older people and disabled people. Much of her voluntary effort is for ChildLine as a volunteer counsellor on the helpline, and as a fund-raiser and spokesperson for children, and latterly working to set up the new helpline for isolated and vulnerable older people. ChildLine currently has 12 centres around the UK, 1,500 volunteer counsellors and answers around a million calls and on-line contacts from children each year. Rantzen chaired ChildLine's Board of Trustees for twenty years, and since ChildLine merged with the NSPCC in 2006, she has served as a Trustee of the NSPCC, as well as being President of ChildLine. In 2013, she also became the Vice-President of Revitalise, a charity providing those with disabilities, and their carers, with short breaks and holidays.[8]

Rantzen also contributes the problem page "Ask Esther" in the children's newspaper First News.[9]

She appeared in the 2008 series of ITV show I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!, and was the fifth celebrity to leave the camp. She has been the face of the Accident Advice Helpline since 2003.

Guest appearances[edit]

Political career[edit]

On 26 May 2009, on Stephen Rhodes's BBC Three Counties Breakfast Show, Rantzen announced her intention to stand as an independent candidate for Parliament, if the incumbent Labour MP Margaret Moran stood for Luton South again. This statement was made against the backdrop of the Parliamentary expenses scandal and Moran's expense claims for £23,000 to eliminate dry rot in her second home in Southampton. Two days later, Moran announced she would not stand at the next general election, but Rantzen said she was still considering standing herself and confirmed her candidacy on 28 July 2009.[11] Rantzen stood for election in Luton South against eleven other candidates, of whom four were independent. At the May 2010 election, Rantzen came fourth with 4.4% of the vote, behind the three main parties. In accordance with UK parliamentary electoral process,[12] Rantzen lost her deposit, as only candidates receiving over 5% of the total votes cast have their deposit returned. Labour Party candidate Gavin Shuker won the seat with 34.9% of the vote, the Conservatives got 29.4% and the Liberal Democrats 22.7%.[13]

In August 2014, Rantzen was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian expressing their hope that Scotland would vote against independence from the United Kingdom in the referendum on that issue.[14]

Savile child abuse allegations[edit]

In Exposure: The Other Side of Jimmy Savile, broadcast on 3 October 2012, Rantzen, after seeing the interviews the programme contains, stated that the jury was no longer out concerning rumours of the late BBC broadcaster Jimmy Savile's abuse of children.[15]

She told Channel 4 News: "If anybody had had concrete evidence, I think and hope the police would have been called in. But all they had was gossip – and gossip isn't evidence."[16]

Abuse campaigner Shy Keenan in The Sun newspaper, subsequently claimed that, using a different name, she had told Rantzen 18 years earlier of allegations that she had heard about Savile. Rantzen has denied hearing specific allegations and said she had no recollection of a conversation with Keenan.[17]

Writing for The Daily Telegraph before the broadcast, Katy Brand also criticised Rantzen for failing to act on rumours she had heard about Savile.[18] Pete Saunders, chief executive of the National Association for People Abused in Childhood, at Keenan's request, temporarily asked for all references to Rantzen to be removed from the charity's website, but subsequently defended Rantzen and said she would continue as a patron.[19]

Personal life[edit]

In 1968, Rantzen started an affair with Desmond Wilcox, who was the head of her department. He was married at the time to her friend Patsy who also worked at the BBC.[20] After several years they decided to live together, and informed BBC management of their relationship.[21] Management's solution was to move the entire production team of That's Life! out of Wilcox's department. The new arrangement meant that Rantzen and Patsy were now working in the same department, causing both women concern.[22] Patsy Wilcox had always refused to divorce her husband, but agreed when Rantzen became pregnant.[23] After Rantzen and Wilcox married in December 1977;[24] BBC management moved her back into General Features department run by him.

By that time, That's Life! was achieving huge audiences ratings, and reaching the number one position, gaining more viewers than Coronation Street. This created tension among colleagues in General Features,[25] who ascribed the success of the programme to Wilcox's relationship with Rantzen.[22] They complained to management, quoting the BBC's regulation that husbands and wives should not work in the same department.[22]

As a result, Desmond Wilcox resigned,[22] and set up his own independent production company, making award-winning documentaries such as The Visit, which included a series of programmes about The Boy David. For these, as well as previous films, he received many international awards, including the Grierson Life-Time Achievement Award in 2001. Wilcox and Rantzen had three children – Miriam (formerly known as Emily, b. 1978), Rebecca (b. 1980), and Joshua (b. 1981).

In 2001, Patsy's daughter Cassandra Wilcox gave an interview in response to comments Rantzen had made about Patsy in her autobiography, alleging amongst other things that Rantzen had long harboured animosity towards Patsy.[26]

Honours[edit]

Rantzen was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1991 New Year Honours for services to broadcasting,[27] before being promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2006 Birthday Honours for services to children and young people,[28] and then Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2015 New Year Honours for services to children and older people through ChildLine and The Silver Line.[29]

Rantzen has also received a number of professional awards, including the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Women in Film and Television organisation, the Royal Television Society's Special Judges' Award for Journalism, their Fellowship, and Membership of their Hall of Fame. She was the first woman to receive a Dimbleby Award from BAFTA for factual presentation. She received the Snowdon Award for services to disabled people.[30]

Arms[edit]

On May 31, 2018 she was granted[31] arms by the College of Arms, through Letters Patent of Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms.

Family origins[edit]

Rantzen was the subject of an episode of Who Do You Think You Are? on 3 September 2008. Her paternal line was traced back, as far as the 1760s, to an established Jewish neighbourhood in Warsaw. Tracing Rantzen's forebears was greatly helped by the rarity of the surname "Rantzen" (even in Warsaw) and the survival of records in Warsaw. In the late 1850s, her great-great-grandfather emigrated to Britain and settled, as a cap-maker, in Spitalfields, a slum district of London's East End. Rantzen's great-grandfather moved to a more comfortable neighbourhood with the help of his brother-in-law, Barney Barnato (born Barnett Isaacs), who had become extremely wealthy as a diamond merchant in South Africa. Her father's middle name was Barnato.[32]

On her wealthy maternal side, Rantzen's great-great-grandfather, Montague Leverson was one of the founders of the West London Synagogue. Montague Leverson was the maternal grandfather of British composer Gerald Finzi.[33] Rantzen is also related to Ada Leverson, a British writer and friend of Oscar Wilde, who was portrayed by Zoë Wanamaker in the 1997 film Wilde. She is first cousin once removed of the novelist and translator, Michael Meyer.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, Eric (14 December 1995). "OBITUARY: Mary Lascelles". The Independent. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  2. ^ Rantzen 2001, pp 58-60
  3. ^ Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons,. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 17 Apr 1996 (pt 7)".
  4. ^ "That's Life!". IMDb.com. 26 May 1973. Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  5. ^ "Call comes for Dame ChildLine". The Times. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Hearts of Gold (TV Series 1992– )". IMDb.com. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Gold (30) - Hearts Of Gold". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  8. ^ "Esther Rantzen VP". revitalise.org.uk. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  9. ^ "First News Children's Newspaper". Firstnews.co.ukaccessdate=22 October 2009.
  10. ^ Profile, itv.com; accessed 27 December 2014.
  11. ^ "UK | UK Politics | Key details: MP expenses claims". BBC News. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  12. ^ "Who can stand as an MP?". UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Luton South". BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  14. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories". The Guardian. London. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  15. ^ "Esther Rantzen – “The jury is no longer out” on Jimmy Savile sexual abuse allegations", Radio Times (website), 1 October 2012; accessed 27 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Why I believe Jimmy Savile sex claims – Esther Rantzen", channel4.com, 1 October 2012; accessed 27 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Savile: 'Victims' Prepare To Sue NHS And BBC". Sky News. 13 October 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  18. ^ Brand, Katy (5 October 2012). "Jimmy Savile allegations: Esther Rantzen's response defies belief". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  19. ^ Mason, Tania (17 October 2012). "Child abuse charity stands by Esther following Savile claims". civilsociety.co.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  20. ^ Esther, The Autobiography, p. 140
  21. ^ Esther, The Autobiography, p. 150
  22. ^ a b c d Esther, The Autobiography, p. 233
  23. ^ "Esther, The Autobiography", p. 153
  24. ^ Esther, The Autobiography pp. 152–54
  25. ^ Esther, The Autobiography, p. 232
  26. ^ Craig, Olga (2001-02-18). "That's life: Esther Rantzen broke my mother's heart". The Telegraph.
  27. ^ "No. 52382". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 December 1990. p. 11.
  28. ^ "No. 58014". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 June 2006. p. 8.
  29. ^ "No. 61092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2014. p. N8.
  30. ^ "Bio Page". EstherRantzen.net. Archived from the original on 16 March 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  31. ^ "July 2018 Newsletter (no. 55) - College of Arms". Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  32. ^ "Who Do You Think You Are?". BBC. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  33. ^ McVeagh, Diana (2005). Gerald Finzi: His Life and Music. The Boydell Press. ISBN 1-84383-170-8.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]