|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey|
|Assumed office |
June 14, 2011
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Preceded by||Katharine Sweeney Hayden|
|Magistrate Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey|
2006 – June 14, 2011
|Born||December 29, 1968|
Monterey Park, California
|Spouse(s)||Mark A. Anderl|
|Education||Rutgers University (BA, JD)|
Esther Salas (born December 29, 1968) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey sitting in Newark, New Jersey. She previously served as a United States Magistrate Judge of the same court from 2006 until her confirmation as a district judge in 2011. Salas is the first Hispanic woman to serve as a United States Magistrate Judge and as a United States District Judge in the District of New Jersey.
Early life and education
Salas is from Monterey Park, California, and is the daughter of a Cuban mother and a Mexican father. Her parents are Catholic. At the age of five, she, her mother, Aurelia Salas, along with her siblings, moved to Union City, New Jersey. Though she lost contact with her father when she moved from the West Coast, she would later reconnect with him during the course of the background check she underwent upon being appointed a federal judge. Growing up indigent, Salas recalls having to translate for her mother at the welfare office, and later helping friends with various problems facing their lives, an activity that led to her pursuit of a career focusing on human services.
Salas attended Emerson High School in Union City, where her extracurricular activities included cheerleading. After graduating from high school in 1987, she attended Rutgers University, where she lived on campus and was active in clubs and activities. Salas graduated from Rutgers in 1991 and in 1994 from Rutgers University School of Law in Newark with a Juris Doctor. She credits her success during her education and during her later professional life to the Minority Student Program.
Following law school graduation, Salas served as a law clerk to Eugene J. Codey Jr., of the Superior Court of New Jersey. From 1995 to 1997, Salas worked for Garces & Grabler, P.C., where she practiced criminal matters in superior and municipal courts. Between 1997 and 2006, she served as an Assistant Federal Public Defender for the District of New Jersey, representing indigent defendants in federal matters. Salas served as president of the Hispanic Bar Association of New Jersey from 2001 to 2002, and as president of the Hispanic Bar Foundation of New Jersey. She has also been a member of the Governor's Hispanic Advisory Committee for Policy Development, the Supreme Court Committee on Minority Concerns, and the Supreme Court Committee on Women in the Courts.
Federal judicial service
In 2006, Salas was selected from a group of 99 applicants as U.S. Magistrate Judge for the District of New Jersey, becoming the first Latina in that position, in which she served for five years. On August 31, 2010, Senators Frank Lautenberg and Robert Menendez announced they would recommend to President Barack Obama that Salas be nominated as a federal district judge on the same court. Obama nominated her on December 1, 2010, to a seat vacated by Katharine Sweeney Hayden who assumed senior status on May 30, 2010. The American Bar Association's Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary, which rates the qualifications of federal judicial nominees, unanimously rated Salas "well qualified" for the judgeship (the committee's highest rating). The nomination expired without Senate action at the end of the 111th Congress. Obama renominated Salas on January 5, 2011, at the beginning of the 112th Congress, and the Senate confirmed her by voice vote on June 14, 2011 and she received her commission the same day, making her the first Latina on the District Court of New Jersey.
The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey has a busy docket; according to a 2018 profile, Salas "presides over as many as 485 civil matters and 50 criminal cases" at any given time.
In 2013, Salas presided over a criminal case against the former chief information technology officer for the office of Dawn Zimmer, the mayor of Hoboken, New Jersey. The administrator pleaded guilty to hacking into Zimmer's email account to disclose her emails, and the emails of others, to other persons within Hoboken City Hall. Salas sentenced the man to five years' probation.
In 2018, Salas issued a order temporarily blocking U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) from deporting certain Indonesian Christians in New Jersey who were present without authorization in the U.S. and were subject to orders of removal, but were seeking legal status. The order dealt with about 50 Christians who had fled persecution in Indonesia and had lived in New Jersey for many years before being targeted by immigration enforcement actions.
In 2018, Salas sentenced Farad Roland, a leader of the Newark "South Side Cartel" set of the Bloods street gang, to 45 years in prison for his role in a series of crimes from 2003 to 2010, including five fatal shootings, a carjacking and drug dealing. The sentence accepted a plea agreement reached between the defendant and federal prosecutors. Salas had earlier ruled that Roland's intellectual disability made him ineligible to be sentenced to death under the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which prohibits cruel and unusual punishment, and under the Federal Death Penalty Act.
Salas is the judge presiding over the class-action lawsuit against Deutsche Bank (Karimi v. Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft et al.), which alleges that Deutsche Bank had poor financial reporting practices and made misleading statements to securities investors, resulting from Deutsche Bank's desire to obscure its anti-money laundering deficiencies and its poor monitoring of high-risk customers such as Jeffrey Epstein, Danske Bank in Estonia, and FBME Bank.
On July 19, 2020, an assailant targeted Salas's family at their home. Daniel, aged 20, opened the door when the assailant knocked. The assailant then opened fire, killing Daniel at the scene. Mark was also shot multiple times and left in a critical but stable condition. Salas was in the basement at the time of the attack and was not injured. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is leading the investigation in conjunction with the U.S. Marshals Service and local law enforcement.
The following day, the FBI identified 72-year-old attorney Roy Den Hollander as the primary suspect; Den Hollander was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in the town of Rockland in upstate New York. Den Hollander was a self-described antifeminist who had previously been known for filing unsuccessful lawsuits against "ladies night" promotions at bars and nightclubs, as well as suing Columbia University for offering women's studies classes. Den Hollander had appeared before Salas in connection with a lawsuit he brought challenging the military's male-only draft. In various writings, Den Hollander ranted about his hatred of women, used racist and sexist terms to disparage Salas, and spoke of his personal grievances. Den Hollander described himself as a "men's rights" activist but was ejected from the National Coalition for Men and is also a suspect in the shooting death of a men's rights lawyer Marc Angelucci at his home in Crestline, California, earlier the same month.
- "Local roots". Hudson Reporter. July 24, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Spotlight on: Hon. Esther Salas ’94 – First Latina on New Jersey District Court". Rutgers School of Law. accessed July 28, 2011.
- Chris Sagona (February 6, 2018). "Immigration Stories: Esther Salas, From Union City to the Federal Bench". New Jersey Monthly.
- Symons, Michael (December 2, 2010). "Cecchi, Salas nominated as federal judges in New Jersey". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- "Salas, Esther – Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- Ryan, Joe. "Menendez, Lautenberg support magistrates from Newark to become federal judges". NJ.com. August 31, 2010
- Ratings of Article III Judicial Nominees: 112th Congress, American Bar Association Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary.
- PN2370 — Esther Salas — The Judiciary, 111th Congress (2009-2010), Congress.gov.
- PN35 — Esther Salas — The Judiciary, 112th Congress (2011-2012), Congress.gov.
- U.S. District Court Judge Esther Salas '94 Is Honoree at Minority Student Program Banquet & Tribute to Alumni Judges. Rutgers University. March 13, 2012
- Hon. Esther Salas '94 – First Latina on New Jersey District Court. Rutgers University. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
- Hack, Charles (March 21, 2013). Hoboken mayor's former technology administrator tells judge he hacked her e-mails, shared them. The Jersey Journal.
- Alexander W. Silady, Former Hoboken IT manager sentenced to probation for stealing emails, The Jersey Journal (August 2, 2013).
- Maag, Christopher (October 5, 2014). 'Real Housewives' Judge Esther Salas shaped by her personal reality. The Record.
- David Porter, Judge temporarily halts deportation of Indonesian Christians, Associated Press (February 3, 2018).
- Alex Napoliello, Gang leader, facing death penalty, accepts deal of 45 years in prison, NJ Advance Media for NJ.com (January 26, 2018).
- Judge bars death penalty in Newark gang slayings, Associated Press (December 18, 2017).
- "Deutsche Bank Deadline Alert: Faruqi & Faruqi, LLP Encourages Investors Who Suffered Losses Exceeding $250,000 In Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft To Contact The Firm" (Press release). Faruqi & Faruqi LLP. July 16, 2020.
- "Securities Class Action Clearinghouse: Case Page". securities.stanford.edu.
- Hong, Nicole; Rashbaum, William K.; Zaveri, Mihir (July 20, 2020). "'Anti-Feminist' Is Identified as Suspect in Killing of Son of Federal Judge in N.J." The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Wildstein, David (July 19, 2020). "Son of federal judge slain, husband in critical condition". New Jersey Globe. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Son of US District Judge Esther Salas killed, husband shot". Associated Press. July 19, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Vigdor, Neil; Ortiz, Aimee; Armstrong, Kevin (July 19, 2020). "Husband and Son of a Federal Judge, Esther Salas, Are Shot in New Jersey". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Benton, Joshua (July 20, 2020). "The New Jersey Shooting Suspect Left a Pro-Trump Paper Trail". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Gingras, Brynn; Levenson, Eric; Murphy, Paul P. (July 21, 2020). "Photo of another female judge found in car connected to suspect who shot federal judge's family". CNN. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- Elfrink, Tim; Barrett, Devlin (July 19, 2020). "'Anti-feminist' lawyer identified as suspect in deadly shooting at federal judge's home". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Levenson, Eric; Murphy, Paul P.; Polantz, Katelyn (July 20, 2020). "Suspect in fatal shooting at home of Judge Esther Salas described himself as an 'anti-feminist' lawyer, once argued a case before the judge". CNN. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Richard, Winton (July 21, 2020). "FBI investigates whether suspect in judge family attack is behind California lawyer's slaying". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- Esther Salas at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Esther Salas at Ballotpedia
Katharine Sweeney Hayden
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey