Esther Whitley (1755–1833) was an American pioneer who was the third woman of European descent to cross the Cumberland Mountains. Traveling with her husband, William Whitley, she came to Kentucky on Wilderness Road. They built the first brick house in Kentucky which is maintained at the William Whitley House State Historic Site in Crab Orchard, Kentucky.
The Whitleys built an estate called Sportman Hill which contained the first brick house in Kentucky. Sportman Hill had an oval race track for horse racing that ran in a counterclockwise direction, differing for the direction of British horse racing.
Esther died at the home of her daughter, Ann Harper, in Woodford County, Kentucky, on November 20, 1833.
- "Looking Back: Historic Whitley House offers visitors a look at pioneer life". Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Kentucky Commission on Women Kentucky Women Remembered". women.ky.gov. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "WHITLEY, WILLIAM". www.kyenc.org. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- Draper MS. 9 CC 5, 12-13, State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Family Bible of William Whitley, Jr. Filson Club, Louisville, KY.