Estimated number of guns per capita by country

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Map of civilian guns per capita by country from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1]

This is a list of countries by estimated guns per capita (number of privately owned small firearms divided by number of residents).[1][2][3]

The Small Arms Survey 2007[1] provides an estimate of the total number of known civilian-owned guns in a country per 100 people. These numbers do not clarify which percentage of the population owns those guns.

The ownership rate reported is the average estimate taken from a survey from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1] This survey also gives the minimum and maximum estimates, which are based on other surveys with estimations. Note that for some countries, this margin of error is considerable. For example, Iraq or the Middle Eastern countries, ranked near the top with an ownership rate of 54.8, has a low estimate of 28.6 and a high estimate of 81.1. While the United States is ranked for the highest gun ownership rate unambiguously, Yemen (based on the margin of error) may rank anywhere between 2nd and 18th.

List of countries by estimated number of guns per capita[edit]

Data was acquired by GunPolicy.org and are mainly based on second-hand surveys from 2007 (Karp, Aaron. 2007. "Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online." Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 27 August) and 1999 (United Nations. 1999. "Analysis of Country Responses." United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.) Updated figures are calculated figures by gunpolicy.org.[4] The figures cited are estimates for "private gun ownership (both licit and illicit)". The rate for the world overall is 10.2 guns per 100 residents.[citation needed]

Italics in this list indicate there are several states with limited recognition.
Row numbers on the left are fixed.
"Notes" column links to notes section below the chart.
Rank


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175
Country Civilian-held
firearms per
100 population
Notes
 United States 101[5][6] [note 1]
 Serbia 58.21[9]
 Yemen 54.8
 Cyprus 36.4[10]
 Saudi Arabia 35
 Iraq 34.2
 Uruguay 31.8
 Norway 31.3
 France 31.2
 Canada 30.8
 Austria 30.4 [note 2]
 Iceland 30.3
 Germany 30.3 [note 3]
 Finland 27.3 [note 4]
 Oman 25.5
 Bahrain 24.8
 Kuwait 24.8
  Switzerland 24.45 [note 5]
 Republic of Macedonia 24.1
 Montenegro 23.1
 New Zealand 22.6
 Greece 22.5
 United Arab Emirates 22.1
 Croatia 21.7
 Panama 21.7
 Sweden 21 [note 6]
 Lebanon 21
 Equatorial Guinea 19.9
 Qatar 19.2
 Latvia 19
 Peru 18.8
 Angola 17.3
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.3
 Belgium 17.2
 Paraguay 17
 Czech Republic 16.3
 Thailand 15.6
 Libya 15.5
 Luxembourg 15.3
 Mexico 15
 Mauritius 14.7
 Guyana 14.6
 Gabon 14
 Slovenia 13.5
 Suriname 13.4
 Guatemala 13.1
 Australia 13.1[19] [note 7]
 South Africa 12.7
 Namibia 12.6
 Armenia 12.5
 Turkey 12.5
 Denmark 12
 Italy 11.9
 Malta 11.9
 Pakistan 11.6
 Jordan 11.5
 Chile 10.7
 Venezuela 10.7 [note 8]
 Spain 10.4
 Argentina 10.2
 Belize 10
 Costa Rica 9.9
 Estonia 9.2
 Somalia 9.1
 Transnistria 9.1
 Russia 8.9
 Zambia 8.9
 Albania 8.6
 Portugal 8.5
 Slovakia 8.3
 Jamaica 8.1
 Brazil 8
 Barbados 7.8
 Nicaragua 7.7
 Algeria 7.6
 Belarus 7.3
 Georgia 7.3
 Iran 7.3
 Israel 7.3
 Moldova 7.1
 Ukraine 6.6
 United Kingdom 6.2 [note 9]
 Maldives 6.5
 Kenya 6.4
 Swaziland 6.4
 Bulgaria 6.2
 Honduras 6.2
 Colombia 5.9
 El Salvador 5.8
 Hungary 5.5
 Sudan and  South Sudan 5.5
 Cape Verde 5.4
 Seychelles 5.4
 Bahamas 5.3
 Dominican Republic 5.1
 Mozambique 5.1
 Morocco 5
 Botswana 4.9
 China 4.9
 Cuba 4.8 [note 10]
 Philippines 4.7
 Afghanistan 4.6
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 4.6
 Zimbabwe 4.6
 Cambodia 4.3
 Ireland 4.3
 India 4.2
 Myanmar 4
 Netherlands 3.9
 Syria 3.9
 Turkmenistan 3.8
 Azerbaijan 3.5
 Egypt 3.5
 Bhutan 3.5
 Palestine 3.4
 Bolivia 2.8
 Cameroon 2.8
 Djibouti 2.8
 Congo 2.7
 Lesotho 2.7
 Côte d'Ivoire 2.4
 Senegal 2
 Mongolia 1.9
 Comoros 1.8
 Vietnam 1.7
 Guinea-Bissau 1.6
 Liberia 1.6
 Mauritania 1.6
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.6
 Malaysia 1.5
 Nigeria 1.5
 Sri Lanka 1.5
 Uzbekistan 1.5
 Benin 1.4
 Brunei 1.4
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.4
 Tanzania 1.4
 Uganda 1.4
 Ecuador 1.3
 Kazakhstan 1.3
 Poland 1.3 [note 11]
 Burundi 1.2
 Laos 1.2
 Guinea 1.2
 Papua New Guinea 1.2
 Burkina Faso 1.1
 Chad 1.1
 South Korea 1.1
 Mali 1.1
 Central African Republic 1
 Tajikistan 1
 Togo 1
 Kyrgyzstan 0.9
 Gambia 0.8
 Madagascar 0.8
   Nepal 0.8
 Lithuania 0.7
 Malawi 0.7
 Niger 0.7
 Romania 0.7
 Haiti 0.6
 Japan 0.6
 North Korea 0.6
 Rwanda 0.6
 Sierra Leone 0.6
 Bangladesh 0.5
 Eritrea 0.5
 Fiji 0.5
 Indonesia 0.5
 Singapore 0.5
 Ethiopia 0.4
 Ghana 0.4
 Solomon Islands 0.4
 Timor-Leste 0.3
 Tunisia 0.1

Notes[edit]

Return to top of table.

  1. ^  United States. According to the Congressional Research Service, as of 2009 there were roughly twice as many guns per capita in the United States as there were in 1968: more than 300 million guns in all.[5][7] 50% of U.S. guns are owned by 3% of the population.[8]
  2. ^  Austria. The source for this number is a WFSA white paper from 2000,[1] which in turn cites "Personal communication from the head of Austrian Arms Traders Assoziation";[11] actual number may vary significantly.
  3. ^  Germany. The number of legal guns in Germany is about 7 per 100 residents.[12] There are no reliable figures on the number of illegal guns in Germany.[13] The figure of 20 million illicit guns (~24 per 100 residents) that is often cited on the web is an estimate attributed to the GdP, Germany's largest police union.[14] This number is wildly out of range with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime's estimate on illicit guns (10% of the number of legal guns, corresponding to 0.5 million illicit guns or ~0.7 per 100 residents).[15]
  4. ^  Finland. 1.5 million guns in 2016 in the official registry.[16]
  5. ^   Switzerland. figures from 2016[17]
  6. ^  Sweden. According to the Swedish National Police Agency in 2006, there were a total of 656,000 individuals who had a license for one or more guns;[18] 6.5% of the population. There were 2,032,000 guns or 21 guns per 100 residents. Of the 2,032,000 guns, 959,000 were rifles, 726,000 shotguns, 122,000 combination rifles, 88,000 pistols, 55,000 revolvers, 3,000 automatic guns and 78,000 weapons parts.
  7. ^  Australia. The state of Tasmania has the highest gun ownership in Australia with 28 legal firearms for every 100 people.[20]
  8. ^  Venezuela. The number displayed in this table is very likely a significant underestimation. The actual number of guns per 100 persons may vary to more, with an unestimated number of illegal firearms held by civilians, around to 9 to 15 million.[21]
  9. ^  United Kingdom. Data for England and Wales only
  10. ^  Cuba. The information appears to be incorrect. Private citizens in Cuba are not allowed to own guns. Only the military and police may carry weapons issued and owned by the government.
  11. ^  Poland. According to police statistics there was 1 gun per 100 people as of 2015.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Keith Krause, Eric G. Berman, eds. (August 2007). "Small Arms Survey 2007 – Chapter 2. Completing the Count: Civilian Firearms". Geneva, Switzerland: Small Arms Survey. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  2. ^ Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Martin Killias, Urs Hepp, Erika Gadola, Matthias Bopp, Christoph Lauber, Ulrich Schnyder, Felix Gutzwiller, Wulf Rössler (October 2006). "Firearm suicides and the availability of firearms: analysis of longitudinal international data". Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, USA: US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. PMC 1586136Freely accessible. 
  3. ^ Martin Killias (1993). "Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective" (PDF). Turin, Italy: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Armed violence and gun laws, country by country". Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia: GunPolicy.org. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  The figures by gunpolicy.org are still based mainly on 'Karp, Aaron. 2007' and 'United Nations. 1999'. They are only adjusted by calculation for more recent years, at best.
  5. ^ a b "Guns In America, By The Numbers". National Public Radio. January 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ "US Population by Year". multpl.com. 
  7. ^ "Gun Control Legislation" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. November 14, 2012: 9. 
  8. ^ Zhou, Youyou (2017-10-06). "Three percent of the population own half of the civilian guns in the US". Quartz. Retrieved 2017-11-13. 
  9. ^ "Serbia - South Eastern Europe: Weapons Possession Per 100 Inhabitants". 
  10. ^ Alpers, Philip. "Guns in Cyprus — Firearms, gun law and gun control". 
  11. ^ Császár, Franz (2000). "Gun Control and the Reduction of the Number of Arms" (PDF). Gun Owners of South Africa. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-21. 
  12. ^ "Deutschland, deine Waffen". 
  13. ^ "Illegale Waffe im Schrank? Zeit, sie loszuwerden Seite 2/2: Die Zahl Illegaler Waffen – nichts als eine Dunkelziffer". 
  14. ^ "Guns in Germany". 
  15. ^ "Number of Privately Owned Firearms". 
  16. ^ "Aseiden määrä Suomessa vähenee – katso, missä ovat maan 1,5 miljoonaa asetta". Yle Uutiset. 
  17. ^ "Guns in Switzerland: Facts, Figures and Firearm Law". Gunpolicy.org. University of Sydney School of Public Health. 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-20.  External link in |work= (help)
  18. ^ "Arms legislation etc" (PDF) (in Swedish). National Police control ice. 2006-05-31. 
  19. ^ "Licensed gun owners are stockpiling extra weapons, more than a million guns have been registered since 2012". Adelaide Now. 2012. Retrieved 2017-10-03. 
  20. ^ Alpers, Philip. "Guns in Tasmania — Firearms, gun law and gun control". www.gunpolicy.org. Retrieved 2017-08-11. 
  21. ^ P.G. (7 July 2014). "Crime in Venezuela: Guns and money". The Economist. The Economist. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  22. ^ "Liczba osób posiadających pozowlenie na broń - stan na dzień 31 grudnia 2015 r" (in Polish). Police. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 

External links[edit]