Estoi

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Estoi

Estói
A view of the ruins of Milreu, with the landscape of the parish of Estoi
A view of the ruins of Milreu, with the landscape of the parish of Estoi
Coordinates: 37°06′N 7°54′W / 37.100°N 7.900°W / 37.100; -7.900Coordinates: 37°06′N 7°54′W / 37.100°N 7.900°W / 37.100; -7.900
Country Portugal
RegionAlgarve
SubregionAlgarve
DistrictFaro
MunicipalityFaro
Government
 • TypeLAU
 • BodyFreguesia/Junta Freguesia
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal zone
8005-454
Area code(s)(+351) 289 XX XX XX
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[1] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Estoi (Portuguese pronunciation: [(ɨ)ˈʃtoi]) is a former civil parish in the municipality of Faro, in the Algarve, Portugal. In 2013, the parish merged into the new parish Conceição e Estoi.[2] The parish, which includes an area of approximately 46.55 square kilometres (17.97 sq mi), had a population of 3,538 at the 2001 census. The name of the parish, which was formerly spelled "Estói", was changed in 2004.

Geography[edit]

Estoi is a village and parish in the municipality of Faro, a rural zone that extends from the fertile fields of Campina de Faro, until the peaks of Serra do Monte Figo (Cerros de São Miguel, Azinheiro, Malhão, Bemposta, Monteiro and Guelhim), that have been, since antiquity, beacons for navigation and natural outlooks along the coast of the Algarvian Riviera.

Architecture[edit]

Robinia pseudoacacia flowering in the gardens of Estoi

The Palace of Estoi is a rococo building renowned for its gardens and azulejos (blue and white tiled ceramic). The palace was built in the late 19th century and is the finest example of this kind of architecture in the district of Faro.[3]

A view of the ruins of Milreu

Just west of this small town, in the vicinity of Estoi, is a ruined Roman villa of Milreu which provides a rare opportunity to see how Romans lived in the 1st-century-AD to the 4th-century-AD . The ruins reveal the characteristic form of a peristyle villa, with a gallery of columns around a courtyard. The excavations brought to light an extensive Roman villa with adjacent buildings. The villa ruins of Milreu show that area was already populated in Roman times.[4]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, archived from the original on May 21, 2011, retrieved 1 July 2011
  2. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 48" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  3. ^ José Carlos Vilhena Mesquita, O Palácio de Estoi. Subsídios para a sua história. Faro. 1982.
  4. ^ Hauschild, Theodor (2002), Milreu. Ruinen (in German), Lisbon, Portugal: Kultusministerium

Sources[edit]

  • Oliveira, Ataíde (1993), Monografia de Estói (in Portuguese), Faro (Algarve), Portugal: Algarve em Foco
  • Teichner, Felix (1994), "Acerca da vila romana de Milreu/Estói. Continuidade da ocupação na época árabe", Arqueologia medieval (in Portuguese) (3), Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 89–100

External links[edit]