Eston

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Eston
Eston view.jpg
A view of Eston Square from Eston Hills
Eston is located in North Yorkshire
Eston
Eston
Location within North Yorkshire
Population7,005 (2011 census. ward)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ554187
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMIDDLESBROUGH
Postcode districtTS6
Dialling code01642
PoliceCleveland
FireCleveland
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°33′36″N 1°08′38″W / 54.560°N 1.144°W / 54.560; -1.144Coordinates: 54°33′36″N 1°08′38″W / 54.560°N 1.144°W / 54.560; -1.144

Eston is an area and former township in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the Teesside built-up area's Middlesbrough sub-division.[2]

The ward covering the area (as well as Lackenby, Lazenby and Wilton) had a population of 7,005 at the 2011 census.[3] It is part of Greater Eston, which includes the area and the areas of Grangetown, Normanby, South Bank, Teesville and part of Ormesby.[4] Excluding Ormesby, the wider area came under the former Eston Urban District from 1894 until 1968. This was a single civil parish with a district council which had he ability to gain a charter to be styled as a town and become a municipal borough. The County Borough of Teesside was created in 1968, area became and remains unparished.[5]

History[edit]

A sign showing the location of Eston in the past

The land around Eston has been occupied since 2400 BC. The 1841 discovery of ironstone in Eston Hills by industrialists from Middlesbrough (most notably Henry Bolckow and John Vaughan) saw Eston develop from two cottages in 1850 to a thriving mining town.[6] Miners' cottages, although altered, can still be seen in parts of Eston. The mining history of Eston was the subject of A Century in Stone, which describes how the mines were responsible for making Teesside the iron and steel capital of the world. The film, by Craig Hornby of Pancrack Films,[7] sold out in local cinemas and across Australia.

The Teesside steel industry that was started from these mines eventually produced the steel that built the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The mines have been closed since 1949, after 100 years of production. Teesside steel became part of the nationalised British Steel Corporation, which in turn became the Corus Group. The Middlesbrough area became the world's leading iron and steel producing capital initially due to the output of the Eston mines.

Politics[edit]

Eston is part of Redcar constituency and is represented by Conservative Party MP Jacob Young in the House of Commons.

2019 local elections results[edit]

Borough Council[edit]

In the 2019 local elections, the following members were returned to Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council:[8]

Ward Councillor Party
Eston Christopher Massey Labour Party
Eston Geraldine Williams Labour Party
Eston Daniel Rees Labour Party

Eston Square[edit]

Eston War Memorial

Eston Square, the shopping area on the main road passing through Eston, forms more of a triangle than a square. The square has a war memorial as its centrepiece – The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier – that shows the statue of a soldier atop a plinth. The plinth lists the names of local people who died during the World Wars.

Two sides the square are lined with traditional terraced shops, while the third side has the 1960s-built Eston Precinct parade of shops. Eston Square provides an important retail facility for a much wider area than just Eston itself. While some of the shops are well maintained businesses, others, in the words of Redcar and Cleveland Council, "are in need of a facelift".[9] As part of Redcar and Cleveland Council's Greater Eston Regeneration, improvements are planned, including the part-demolition of the Precinct Shopping Centre and the building of a new supermarket.

The area has number of popular public houses that serve people both from within and around Eston. These establishments contribute to a number of local sports leagues, with darts and pool having the most participants.[citation needed]

The square was also been entered into the regional Northumbria in Bloom competition, with regular work being carried out by members of the Eston Residents Association.

Churches[edit]

Christ Church, Eston

Eston has three major churches, two on the High Street[10][11] and one in Whale Hill.[12]

Christ Church, the Church of England church in Eston, is the partner church to St. George's Church in Teesville. Christ Church is a traditionally designed church built in red brick. It features sixteen stained-glass windows in dressed sandstone settings that bring warm colourful light into the main body of the building; they are themed around saints.[13]

Similarly, St. Anne's Church, the Catholic church in Eston, is part of a larger parish, which includes the churches of St. Peter's, South Bank, St. Andrew's, Teesville and St. Mary's, Grangetown. The joint parish is served from, and carries the name of, St. Andrew's Parish. St. Anne's Church was built in 1970, although the Catholic community had existed as a distinct group for many years before that. Before the church was built a mass took place each Sunday at the Grangetown Royal British Legion Social Club.[14]

Eston Hills[edit]

The town of Eston lies at the foot of Eston Hills,[15] a ridge approximately 200 metres (656 ft) above sea level, and a part of the Cleveland Hills. The same hills that overshadow Eston were used to warn of attack in the Napoleonic Era by a beacon, the remains of which can still be seen at Eston Nab. Eston Nab is also home to Bauer Teesside and aerials and transmitters.

At only 243 metres (797 ft) above sea level at its highest point, Eston Hills are classed as lowland heath.

Wildlife includes lapwing, curlew, green woodpecker and linnet. There are various butterflies and dragonflies.[16]

The hills overlooking Eston are managed for their wildlife, archaeology and amenity. Many people use the hills for walking, cycling and horse riding. There are several self-guided walk leaflets, which take in points of interest. These are available at the Flatts Lane Woodland Country Park Visitor Centre, Normanby, Redcar and Cleveland.

The Eston Hills provide access to the wider countryside via the public right of way network. The land owned or managed by the Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council is mostly bordered by farmland. Eston Nab commands an excellent view of the nearby Roseberry Topping, which stands higher at 320 metres (1,050 ft).

Cemetery[edit]

Still in active use, the Eston Cemetery was established in 1863 and enlarged in 1882. It built as an extension to the pre-reformation St Helen Church[17] which was one of the many churches belonging to Gisborough Priory. St Helen's has since been dismantled and rebuilt at Beamish Museum.[18] The cemetery is located off Church Lane, north of Eston's old centre.

CWGC War Graves at Eston Cemetery

Names on the gravestones tell the story off the families whose daily lives created the history of the wider area, throughout the twentieth century until the present. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission is responsible for commemorating all Commonwealth war dead individually and equally, and to this end, war graves with uniform headstones, set in well kept lawns, can be found in cemeteries throughout the British Commonwealth. The Commission lists ninety-eight such graves,[19] at Eston Cemetery, from the First and Second World Wars.[20] The cemetery contains the war graves of 55 Commonwealth service personnel of the First World War and 43 of the Second World War, including one unidentified Royal Navy sailor.[21]

Having more than 40 war graves, a Cross of Sacrifice designed by architect Reginald Blomfield has been erected. It shows a simple cross embedded with a bronze sword and mounted on an octagonal base to represent the faith of the majority of commemorations. It can be seen in front of the West Lodge.

Monument to William Henry Short VC at Eston Cemetery

The cemetery also contains the memorial obelisk to William Henry Short VC (4 February 1884 – 6 August 1916) who was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was awarded the medal after being killed showing gallantry and devotion to duty at the Battle of Contalmaison, during the Somme Offensive, in 1916.[22]

Whale Hill[edit]

Eston also includes the area of Whale Hill, which was initially built between 1966 and 1970, it has mixed tenure housing. It includes a social club and a row of shops, including a chemist, post office, supermarket, fish shop, chinese takeaway and a corner shop. The area also benefits from a large local community centre.

Notable people[edit]

Eston Hospital: commemorative flowerbed sculpture
Barnaby House is an 'extra care' housing scheme

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Eston Ward (as of 2011) (E05001508)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  2. ^ "2011 UK Census statistics". Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Eston Ward (as of 2011) (E05001508)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Redcar and Cleveland Council – Greater Eston". Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  5. ^ "Ormesby CP/AP". Retrieved 2 August 2021.
    "Eston UD". Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  6. ^ BBC – How Eston's mines changed history
  7. ^ Pancrack Films – A Century in Stone
  8. ^ "Local Election Results" (PDF). Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council. May 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  9. ^ Greater Eston Regeneration Projects
  10. ^ The Evangelical Congregational Church, Eston
  11. ^ Christ Church, Eston
  12. ^ St. Anne's Church, Eston
  13. ^ The stained-glass windows of Christ Church, Eston
  14. ^ St. Andrew's Parish Online
  15. ^ "Eston Hills". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
  16. ^ "Redcar and Cleveland Council – Eston Moor". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
  17. ^ "ESTON: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1890". Genuki.org.uk. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  18. ^ "Beamish – The Living Museum of the North: St Helen's Church, Eston". Collections.beamish.org.uk. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  19. ^ CWGC – Graves of individual graves from the two world wars
  20. ^ Reading Room Manchester. "The Commonwealth War Graves Commission – Eston Cemetery". Cwgc.org. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  21. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery Report.
  22. ^ "Yorkshire Regiment War Graves, – Eston Cemetery". Ww1-yorkshires.org.uk. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  23. ^ Remembrance – The Yorkshire Regiment, First World War Private William SHORT, V.C.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 October 2004. Retrieved 28 November 2004.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Grave Locations of Holders of the Victoria Cross in the County of Cleveland.

External links[edit]