Estonian Free Party

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Estonian Free Party

Eesti Vabaerakond
Estonian nameEesti Vabaerakond
LeaderKaul Nurm
Founded20 September 2014 (2014-09-20)
HeadquartersKoidu tn 23, Tallinn
Membership (2019)Decrease 578[1]
Conservative liberalism[3]
Political positionCentre-right[3]
Colours     Blue
0 / 101

The Estonian Free Party (Estonian: Eesti Vabaerakond) is an Estonian centre-right political party founded in 2014. The chairman of the party is Kaul Nurm.[4] The party gained 8 seats after passing the 5-percent threshold in the 2015 Estonian parliamentary elections.

The party received 6,461 votes in the 2019 Estonian parliamentary election and fell out of the parliament.


The nonprofit Estonian Free Party Founding Group was founded in January 2014. Originally it was to be founded by two organizations, Free Patriotic Citizen and Better Estonia, but the latter decided to withdraw.[5][6]

Estonian Free Party was officially established on 20 September 2014, and Andres Herkel was elected as chairman.[7] The party attracted numerous public figures, including former head of the Defense Forces Admiral Tarmo Kõuts, actor Ain Lutsepp, and Jüri Adams, a former government minister who was one of the main writers of the Constitution of Estonia.[8]

During the 2015 Estonian parliamentary elections, the Estonian Free Party received 49,883 votes, constituting 8.7 percent of the total, which garnered it 8 seats in the 101-member parliament.[9] The Estonian Free Party's candidate for prime minister, Artur Talvik, who received the most votes of all the Estonian Free Party candidates, was not a member of the party himself.[10][11]

The Estonian Free Party participated in coalition talks together with the Estonian Reform Party, Social Democratic Party, and Pro Patria and Res Publica Union, but were left out of the coalition because their proposals to change the tax system were considered unacceptable. The Estonian Reform Party's unwillingness to reduce the state funding for political parties was cited as an issue by the Estonian Free Party.[12]

Political positions[edit]

Commentators have argued, that the Estonian Free Party lacks a clear ideology.[13] It has been characterized as centre-right, while chairman Andres Herkel described the party's ideology as right-wing liberal.[14][15]

The party advocates raising the personal income tax, while on the other hand also raising the non-taxable basic exemption to support the poorer majority of taxpayers. The party's program also includes increased taxes on alcohol, tobacco, and confectionery. In economic policy, the party supports a relatively liberal approach, especially to support small businesses.[16] The party has advocated reduction of state funding of political parties.[12]

The Estonian Free Party has declared its opposition to the law recognising same-sex unions in Estonia, claiming that in its current form the law does not solve any problems. The party claims that the law needs to be revised and possibly also split into multiple, separate laws.[17] The party opposes compulsory EU-wide migrant quotas in regard to European migrant crisis, and insists that the number of refugees to be accepted needs to be determined through negotiations.[18] In November 2018, the party voted against Estonia joining the UN Global Compact for Migration.[19]

Electoral results[edit]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Election Votes Seats Pos. Government
# % # ±
2015 49,882 8.7
8 / 101
Increase 8 5th Opposition
2019 6,461 1.2
0 / 101
Decrease 8 9th Extra-parliamentary opposition


  1. ^ "Äriregistri teabesüsteem" (in Estonian). Retrieved 1 Jan 2019.
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Estonia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  3. ^ a b Henningsen, Bernd (2017). The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide. BMV Verlag. p. 328.
  4. ^ "Vabaerakond valis uueks esimeheks Kaul Nurme". ERR (in Estonian). Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  5. ^ "VIK ja Parem Eesti asutavad uue erakonna loomiseks MTÜ" (in Estonian). Delfi. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  6. ^ Nael, Merili (17 February 2014). "Ühenduste Vaba Isamaaline Kodanik ja Parem Eesti teed läksid lahku" (in Estonian). Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Vabaerakond valis esimeheks Andres Herkeli" (in Estonian). Postimees. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Free Party Made Official". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Reform wins Estonia's parlt elections, six parties secure seats". Postimees. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  10. ^ Laats, Juhan-Markus (23 February 2015). "Rõivas most popular PM candidate". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  11. ^ Soonvald, Urmo (2 March 2015). "VIDEO: Vabaerakonna parteitu esikõneleja Artur Talvik: meile üritati öösel pai teha, sest arvatakse, et oleme lihtne partner" (in Estonian). Delfi. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  12. ^ a b Tambur, Silver (23 March 2015). "Coalition talks to continue between three parties, Free Party to go into opposition". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  13. ^ Jaagant, Urmas (14 August 2015). "On keegi näinud? Vabaerakond otsib oma maailmavaadet" (in Estonian). Eesti Päevaleht. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  14. ^ Rikken, Kristopher (1 March 2014). "Ruling Reform Party wins Estonian election, fending off challenge from archrival Center". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  15. ^ Aasaru, Heikki (20 September 2014). "Vabaerakond lubab riigi rahvale tagasi tuua" (in Estonian). Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  16. ^ Rajavee, Allan (11 January 2015). "Galerii: Vabaerakond kinnitas valimisprogrammi ja nimekirjad" (in Estonian). Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Eesti Vabaerakond kujundas kooseluseaduse suhtes oma seisukoha" (in Estonian). Delfi. 24 January 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  18. ^ "Vabaerakonna avaldus pagulaste teemal: saabuvad põgenikud tuleb ühiskonda integreerida ja selle tarvis tuleb raha juurde küsida" (in Estonian). Delfi. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Riigikogu adopts declaration in support of UN Compact on Migration". ERR. 27 November 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.

External links[edit]