Estonian National Independence Party

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The Estonian National Independence Party (Estonian: Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei), commonly abbreviated ERSP, was a nationalist political party founded on 20 August 1988[1][2] in what was then the Estonian SSR. Founders of the party were nationalist and anti-Communist dissidents.[2]

It was arguably one of the first non-communist political parties in the Soviet Union. The National Independence Party represented the radical wing of the Estonian independence movement and used hardline anti-communist rhetoric, in contrast with the Popular Front that cooperated with pro-reform communists. The party gained a majority during the February 1990 elections of the Congress of Estonia. After Estonia regained independence, the ERSP was part of the centre-right government from 1992–1995 and later merged with Pro Patria to form the Pro Patria Union, a national-conservative party.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Andres Mäe (1995). "Estonian national independence party (ENIP)". The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity. 23 (1). Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Mudde, Cas (2000). "Extreme-right Parties in Eastern Europe". Patterns of Prejudice. 34 (1): 5–27. doi:10.1080/00313220008559132.