Estonian Provisional Government

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The Estonian Provisional Government (Estonian: Eesti Ajutine Valitsus) was formed on February 24, 1918, by the Salvation Committee appointed by Maapäev, the Estonian Province Assembly.


The Provisional Government was led by Konstantin Päts. Jüri Vilms was appointed minister of justice, Jaan Poska minister of foreign affairs, Juhan Kukk minister of finance, Jaan Raamot minister of food and agriculture, Andres Larka minister of war. Villem Maasik was minister of labour and welfare, Ferdinand Peterson minister of roads and Peeter Põld minister of education.[1]

The main functions of the Provisional Government were lobbying for diplomatic recognition for Estonian independence abroad, oppose the German occupation of Estonia and organise elections to the Estonian Constituent Assembly.

After the formation of the Provisional Government the country was occupied by German troops and became administered by Ober Ost. As the result of German revolution and capitulation of Germany in World War I on November 11,[2] the German occupation authorities handed over the power to the Estonian Provisional Government on November 19, 1918.[3]

The Estonian Provisional Government resigned on May 8, 1919, after the Estonian Constituent Assembly had met on April 23, 1919, and the first elected government of the Republic of Estonia took office.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miljan, Toivo (2004). Historical Dictionary of Estonia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4904-4.
  2. ^ Kortmann, C.; J. Fleuren (2004). Constitutional Law of 10 EU Member States. Kluwer. ISBN 978-90-13-03468-4.
  3. ^ Kasekamp, Andres (2000). The Radical Right in Interwar Estonia. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-22598-8.