This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Estonian art is art that comes from Estonia, from Estonian artists or art pieces relating to Estonia. Estonian art is said to have started since the Stone Age time (9000 – 4200 B.C.). The Stone Age era art was found in caves and natural underground tunnel systems, these paintings were found all over Estonia. Estonian art is mostly realism but Estonia also has surrealism. Estonian art from the 1200s to the 1500s are quick, simplistic and flat, they would only have 2 subjects in the foreground and the background would be the interesting feature by holding all the information in each image. The art depicts mostly common situations such as a picnic or a family dinner.
Cave paintings were the first pieces of art, they were found in caves and underground tunnels. Ancestral farmers and gatherers would use blood, bone marrow and crushed up animal hair to add pigmentation to the illustrations. For example, they used blood to make prey look different from the hunters. Eventually they started incorporating wood into their tools and started making more accurate illustrations and paintings by making brushes from wood and animal hair.
Gothic art in Estonia was mostly found in churches and cathedrals, these churches and cathedrals had paintings and sculptures of religious figures in them. Most of them had Christian symbolism in paintings (most of which were over 8 feet tall); these painting would show Jesus and his disciples in a very artistic and symmetrical way. The Gothic Age in Estonia started around 1200 and ended around 1600, the art paintings from the start of this era were paintings about gods and their disciples (mostly portraying Jesus). The Church of the Holy Spirit, one of more famous churches found in Estonia, has a Gothic interior and exterior. The art on the sides of the loft (above the pews) is about Jesus and his journey to enlighten people. The paintings do not have a known artist but it is known that the artist painted them in the first half of the 1300s.
Most of the Estonian art in the medieval period (mid-1500s to the 1700s) was inspired by Swedish art. The medieval art style would show the concepts of death and battle. Most pieces of art from this era would be flat and would not resemble reality. The art pieces would have skeletons and walking corpses, these would symbolize the death of people from the wars they had with the Swedish forces.
During the Soviet rule (from 1940-1991), the art movement of socialist realism emerged. Socialist realism would show the struggles of the people that were affected by Soviet rule; it would show the struggles of the middle to lower class households in workplace scenarios or as a family in a home. This period of art was not as popular when compared to other art periods.
The Great World Wars
The most notable work is The Bronze Soldier (made by Enn Roos and Supervising architect Arnold Alas) it was unveiled on the 22 September 1947 on the second anniversary of the Soviet Red Army re-entering Tallinn in September 1944. It was originally a war memorial for the people lost in the Second World War, and was moved between several war graves, but subsequently was put at the Tallinn military cemetery where it still resides.
Post independence era
Estonia started surreal art from early 1900 and is quite renowned in comparison to other countries in the region. This era of art is one of the hardest to plot in skill due to the vast variety each art piece conveys but this then led to the next art style. Modernism started in the early 1900s but did not get famous until around the 1950s in Estonia. Estonia is well known for its modernist paintings and illustrations. Most of the post-independence art is modern and talks about the struggles of the past; some depict the most notable moment in Estonian art, the day of their fight for independence. After modern art, Estonia is going through the phase of contemporary art style as of this moment. Contemporary art is a style of art of the 20th and 21st century, it is an art style that does not have boundaries like other styles. One recent contemporary artists is Nelly Drell, A well-known artist, she is mostly known for her paintings. She was born on October 19, 1979 where she would build her artistic talent growing up in the capitol city Tallinn. She got her bachelors from the University of Miami and her masters from the New York Academy of Art, getting a degree in painting. One of her paintings called “Estonian peacekeepers in Iraq” was made in 2005 and shows the struggles of the Estonian people and their involvements in the war in Iraq.
|Part of a series on the|
- L'Heureux, Marie Alice (1 February 2003). "Review of Rosenfeld, Alla; Dodge, Norton T., eds., Art of the Baltics: The Struggle for Freedom of Artistic Expression under the Soviets, 1945-1991". H-net.msu.edu. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "Nelly Drell". Noar.eu. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "KARI AVELLANIN KIRJOITUS JA POSTER : Reawakening the spirit: St. John's Church of Tartu, Estonia" (PDF). Kareg.com. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- [dead link]
- "Estonian Art". Estonianart.ee. Retrieved 7 December 2017.