The front cover of an old (before 2014) Estonian biometric passport
|Date first issued||22 May 2007 (biometric passports)
1 June 2014 (current version)
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||Estonian citizenship|
|Expiration||10 years after issuance|
Estonian passport (Eesti kodaniku pass) is an international travel document issued to citizens of Estonia, and may also serve as proof of Estonian citizenship. Besides enabling the bearer to travel internationally and serving as indication of Estonian citizenship, the passport facilitates the process of securing assistance from Estonian consular officials abroad or other European Union member states in case an Estonian consular is absent, if needed. If Estonian citizen wish to receive an identity document especially an Estonian passport elsewhere than the foreign representation of the Republic of Estonia, then bearer of the Estonian citizenship staying abroad could receive the travel documents in embassies of any EU country worldwide by paying 50 Euro additionally. Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.
According to the 2017 Visa Restrictions Index, Estonian citizens can visit 164 countries  without a visa or with a visa granted on arrival. Estonian citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.
Every Estonian citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union and European Economic Area.
An Estonian certificate of return shall be issued to an Estonian citizen staying in a foreign state whose Estonian passport becomes unusable or is destroyed or lost. An Estonian certificate of return shall be issued on the basis of a birth certificate to a child of less than one year of age who was born to a citizen of Estonia in a foreign state. An Estonian certificate of return may be issued to an Estonian citizen who has no valid Estonian document if the issue of such document is in the public interest. An Estonian certificate of return shall be issued with a period of validity of up to twelve months. Upon entry into Estonia, a certificate of return shall be returned to the Police and Border Guard Board who shall forward the certificate to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
A return support can be applied by ethnic Estonians and Estonian citizens who have lived outside Estonia for 10 years or more or were born in a foreign country. A return support will be paid to those who need help, if they want to settle in Estonia.
The Police and Border Guard Board in Estonia and by Estonian foreign representations abroad are responsible for the issuing and renewing of Estonian passports.
In conformity with the standard European Union design, Estonian passports are burgundy, with the Estonian Coat of arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover. The words "EUROOPA LIIT" (European Union) and "EESTI" (Estonia) are inscribed above the coat of arms and the word "PASS" (Passport) is inscribed below the coat of arms. Estonian passports have the standard biometric symbol at the bottom.
Identity Information Page
The biodata page of an Estonian passport includes the following information:
- Photo of the passport holder
- Type (P for ordinary passports)
- Code of Issuing State (EST)
- Passport number
- 1 Surname
- 2 Given Names
- 3 Citizenship (Eesti/Est)
- 4 Date of Birth
- 5 Personal Identification No.
- 6 Sex
- 7 Place of Birth
- 8 Date of Issue
- 9 Authority
- 10 Date of Expiry
- 11 Holder's Signature
The information page ends with the Machine Readable Zone starting with P<EST.
Estonian passports issued between February 2002 and May 2007 contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note inside Estonian passports states:
- The holder of this passport is under the protection of the Republic of Estonia. The Government of the Republic of Estonia hereby requests all civil and military authorities to permit the holder of this passport to pass freely without let or hindrance and in case of need to give all lawful aid and protection.
The data page/information page is printed in Estonian, English and French.
In 2017, Estonian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 164 countries and territories, thus ranking the Estonian passport 13th in the world (tied with Malaysia) according to the Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index 2017. Holders of Estonian alien's passport face different visa requirements.
For Estonian citizens, apart from ordinary passports, diplomatic and service passports are also issued for those who qualify for possession of such documents.
Possession of a biometric passport is a pre-requisite for Estonians who want to qualify for the Visa Waiver Program for travel to the United States by registering via the Electronic System for Travel Authorization.
Starting from June 2009, all applicants for an Estonian passport are required to provide their fingerprints to be stored on the biometric chip in their passports.
- Estonian identity card
- Estonian seafarer's discharge book
- Estonian temporary travel document
- Estonian alien's passport
- Estonian travel document for refugees
- E-residency of Estonia is a concept independent of nationality giving non-Estonian residents access to Estonian financial services.
- Estonian nationality law
- Visa requirements for Estonian citizens
- Visa requirements for Estonian non-citizens
- Passports of the European Union
- List of passports
References and notes
- Estonian citizen's passport
- "Estonian travel documents could be delivered to any EU embassies".
- "Global Ranking – Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF).
- Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)
- "§§ 35, 36 Identity Documents Act".
- "MISA - Return support".
- "Global Ranking – Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners.
- Estonian ePassport solution
- Fingerprints in travel documents
- Information about Estonian citizen’s passport by Estonian Police and Border Guard Board
- Information about Estonian citizen’s passport by Prado Consilium
- Sample passport of an Estonian citizen, issued by Estonian Police and Border Guard Board starting from 01.06.2014
- Certificate of Return for Estonian citizen
- Identity Documents Act
- Visa-Free Country List by Estonian Foreign Ministry
- Passport Index Visa-Free Score Estonian Passport
- Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index Map
- Estonian Representations around the World
- A map of Estonian representations abroad