In chemical graph theory, the Estrada index is a topological index of protein folding. The index was first defined by Ernesto Estrada as a measure of the degree of folding of a protein, which is represented as a path-graph weighted by the dihedral or torsional angles of the protein backbone. This index of degree of folding has found multiple applications in the study of protein functions and protein-ligand interactions.
The name "Estrada index" was introduced by de la Peña et al. in 2007.
Let be a graph of size and let be a non-increasing ordering of the eigenvalues of its adjacency matrix . The Estrada index is defined as
For a general graph, the index can be obtained as the sum of the subgraph centralities of all nodes in the graph. The subgraph centrality of node is defined as
The subgraph centrality has the following closed form
where is the th entry of the th eigenvector associated with the eigenvalue . It is straightforward to realise that
- Estrada, E. (2000). "Characterization of 3D molecular structure". Chem. Phys. Lett. 319 (319): 713. Bibcode:2000CPL...319..713E. doi:10.1016/S0009-2614(00)00158-5.
- de la Peña, J. A.; Gutman, I.; Rada, J. (2007). "Estimating the Estrada index". Linear Algebra Appl. 427: 70–76. doi:10.1016/j.laa.2007.06.020.
- Estrada, E.; Rodríguez-Velázquez, J.A. (2005). "Subgraph centrality in complex networks". Phys. Rev. E. 71 (5): 056103. arXiv:cond-mat/0504730. Bibcode:2005PhRvE..71e6103E. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.71.056103. PMID 16089598. S2CID 4512786.