Estradiol diacetate

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Estradiol diacetate
Estradiol diacetate.svg
Clinical data
Other namesEDA; Estradiol 3,17β-diacetate; NSC-106559
Drug classEstrogen; Estrogen ester
Identifiers
  • [(8R,9S,13S,14S,17S)-3-acetyloxy-13-methyl-6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-decahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl] acetate
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.020.306 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H28O4
Molar mass356.462 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CC(=O)O[C@H]1CC[C@@H]2[C@@]1(CC[C@H]3[C@H]2CCC4=C3C=CC(=C4)OC(=O)C)C
  • InChI=1S/C22H28O4/c1-13(23)25-16-5-7-17-15(12-16)4-6-19-18(17)10-11-22(3)20(19)8-9-21(22)26-14(2)24/h5,7,12,18-21H,4,6,8-11H2,1-3H3/t18-,19-,20+,21+,22+/m1/s1
  • Key:VQHQLBARMFAKSV-AANPDWTMSA-N

Estradiol diacetate (EDA), or estradiol 3,17β-diacetate, is an estrogen and an estrogen ester—specifically, the C3 and C17β diacetate ester of estradiol—which was never marketed.[1][2][3][4] It is related to the estradiol monoesters estradiol acetate (estradiol 3-acetate; Femtrace) and estradiol 17β-acetate.[1][4]

Affinities and estrogenic potencies of estrogen esters and ethers at the estrogen receptors
Estrogen Other names RBA (%)a REP (%)b
ER ERα ERβ
Estradiol E2 100 100 100
Estradiol 3-sulfate E2S; E2-3S ? 0.02 0.04
Estradiol 3-glucuronide E2-3G ? 0.02 0.09
Estradiol 17β-glucuronide E2-17G ? 0.002 0.0002
Estradiol benzoate EB; Estradiol 3-benzoate 10 1.1 0.52
Estradiol 17β-acetate E2-17A 31–45 24 ?
Estradiol diacetate EDA; Estradiol 3,17β-diacetate ? 0.79 ?
Estradiol propionate EP; Estradiol 17β-propionate 19–26 2.6 ?
Estradiol valerate EV; Estradiol 17β-valerate 2–11 0.04–21 ?
Estradiol cypionate EC; Estradiol 17β-cypionate ?c 4.0 ?
Estradiol palmitate Estradiol 17β-palmitate 0 ? ?
Estradiol stearate Estradiol 17β-stearate 0 ? ?
Estrone E1; 17-Ketoestradiol 11 5.3–38 14
Estrone sulfate E1S; Estrone 3-sulfate 2 0.004 0.002
Estrone glucuronide E1G; Estrone 3-glucuronide ? <0.001 0.0006
Ethinylestradiol EE; 17α-Ethynylestradiol 100 17–150 129
Mestranol EE 3-methyl ether 1 1.3–8.2 0.16
Quinestrol EE 3-cyclopentyl ether ? 0.37 ?
Footnotes: a = Relative binding affinities (RBAs) were determined via in-vitro displacement of labeled estradiol from estrogen receptors (ERs) generally of rodent uterine cytosol. Estrogen esters are variably hydrolyzed into estrogens in these systems (shorter ester chain length -> greater rate of hydrolysis) and the ER RBAs of the esters decrease strongly when hydrolysis is prevented. b = Relative estrogenic potencies (REPs) were calculated from half-maximal effective concentrations (EC50) that were determined via in-vitro β‐galactosidase (β-gal) and green fluorescent protein (GFP) production assays in yeast expressing human ERα and human ERβ. Both mammalian cells and yeast have the capacity to hydrolyze estrogen esters. c = The affinities of estradiol cypionate for the ERs are similar to those of estradiol valerate and estradiol benzoate (figure). Sources: See template page.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Junkmann K, Witzel H (1957). "Chemie und Pharmakologie von Steroidhormon-Estern" [Chemistry and pharmacology of steroid hormone esters]. Z Vitam Horm Fermentforsch (in German). 9 (1–2): 97–143 contd. PMID 13531579.
  2. ^ Janocko L, Larner JM, Hochberg RB (April 1984). "The interaction of C-17 esters of estradiol with the estrogen receptor". Endocrinology. 114 (4): 1180–6. doi:10.1210/endo-114-4-1180. PMID 6705734.
  3. ^ Mu Y, Peng S, Zhang A, Wang L (February 2011). "Role of pocket flexibility in the modulation of estrogen receptor alpha by key residue arginine 394". Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 30 (2): 330–6. doi:10.1002/etc.389. PMID 21038436. S2CID 22116062.
  4. ^ a b Friedrich W. Derz, ed. (1976). ChemPRODUCTindex, Volumes 1-2. De Gruyter. pp. 881–. ISBN 978-3-11-002141-7. OCLC 2619908.