Esuma language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native toIvory Coast
Extinctca. 1800[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3esm

Esuma (Essouma) is an extinct language of uncertain classification within the Kwa branch of the Niger–Congo family, once spoken in the villages of Assinie (Asini) and Mafia in Ivory Coast. The Esuma were vassals of the Sanwi capital Krinjabo, and shifted to the Anyin and Nzima languages.


  1. ^ Esuma at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Esuma". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.