Et'hem Bey Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hadji Et'hem Bey Mosque
Xhamia e Et’hem Beut
Tirana mosque 2016.jpg
The Et'hem Bey Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
MunicipalityTirana
CountryAlbania
Geographic coordinates41°19′40″N 19°49′9″E / 41.32778°N 19.81917°E / 41.32778; 19.81917Coordinates: 41°19′40″N 19°49′9″E / 41.32778°N 19.81917°E / 41.32778; 19.81917
Architecture
StyleOttoman architecture
Completed1819 or 1821
Specifications
Dome(s)1
Minaret(s)1
Designated24 May 1948[1]

The Hadji Et'hem Bey Mosque (Albanian: Xhamia e Et'hem Beut) is a mosque in Tirana, Albania. Closed under communist rule, the mosque reopened as a house of worship in 1991. Without permission from the authorities, 10,000 people attended and the police did not interfere. Frescoes outside and in the portico depict trees, waterfalls and bridges – motifs rarely seen in Islamic art.

History[edit]

Construction was started in 1791 or 1794 by Molla Bey and it was finished in 1819 or 1821 by his son Haxhi Ethem Bey, grand-grandson of Sulejman Pasha.[2][3]

At the time it was built it was part of complex buildings that compose the historical center of Tirana. In front of mosque was the old Bazaar, in east the Sulejman Pasha Mosque, which was built on 1614 and destroyed during World War II, and in the north-west the Karapici mosque.[4]

During the totalitarianism of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania, the mosque was closed. On January 18, 1991, despite opposition from communist authorities, 10,000 people entered carrying flags. This was at the onset of the fall of communism in Albania.[5] The event was a milestone in the rebirth of religious freedom in Albania.

The Mosque today, constitutes of an architectural complex together with the Clock Tower of Tirana. Tours of the mosque are given daily, though not during prayer service.[6] Visitors must take their shoes off before entering the inner room.

Architecture[edit]

The Et'hem Bey Mosque is composed by prayer hall, a portico that surrounds its north and the minaret. On the north side is the entrance to the prayer hall, which is a squared plan and is constructed in a unique volume. It is covered with dome and the dome is semi-spherical and has no windows. The frescoes of the mosque depict trees, waterfalls and bridges; still life paintings are a rarity in Islamic art.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ba.itc.cnr.it/SOS-Tirana/info/MOSQUE_OF_ETHEM_BEU.html
  2. ^ H.T.Norris (1993), Islam in the Balkans: Religion and Society Between Europe and the Arab World, University of South Carolina Press, pp. 77–78, ISBN 9780872499775, OCLC 28067651
  3. ^ M. Cavendish, World and Its Peoples page 1629
  4. ^ http://www.ba.itc.cnr.it/SOS-Tirana/info/MOSQUE_OF_ETHEM_BEU.html
  5. ^ Anthony Clunies Ross, Petar Sudar, Albania's economy in transition and turmoil, 1990-97, 1998, page 57
  6. ^ Europe on a shoestring By Sarah Johnstone Page 59 ([1])