Eta Centauri

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Eta Centauri
Centaurus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of η Centauri (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension  14h 35m 30.42416s[1]
Declination −42° 09′ 28.1708″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +2.35[2] (2.30 - 2.41[3])
Characteristics
Spectral type B1.5 Vne[4]
U−B color index −0.862[2]
B−V color index −0.215[2]
Variable type GCAS[3] + LERI
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)–0.2[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −34.73[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −32.72[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)10.67 ± 0.21[1] mas
Distance306 ± 6 ly
(94 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−2.53[6]
Details
Mass12.0 ± 0.3[7] M
Radius5-6 [8] R
Luminosity8,700[4] L
Surface gravity (log g)3.20[9] cgs
Temperature25,700[4] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)330[4] km/s
Age5.6 ± 1.0[7] Myr
Other designations
η Cen, CD−41°8917, CPD−41°6839, FK5 537, HD 127972, HIP 71352, HR 5440, SAO 225044.[10]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Eta Centauri, Latinized from η Centauri, is a star in the southern constellation of Centaurus. It has an apparent visual magnitude of +2.35[2] and is located at a distance of around 306 light-years (94 parsecs).[1] In traditional Chinese astronomy, Eta Centauri was known as 庫樓二[11] (meaning: the Second (Star) of Koo Low).[12]

The stellar classification of this star is B1.5 Vne,[4] indicating that it is a B-type main sequence star. The 'n' suffix means that the absorption lines are broadened from rapid rotation. It has a projected rotational velocity of 330 km s−1[4] and completes a full rotation in less than a day. This is a Be star as shown by the 'e' suffix,[13] which means it has variable emissions in its hydrogen spectral lines. This emission can be modeled by a decretion disk of gas that has been ejected from the star and now follows a near Keplerian orbit around the central body.[14] Finally it is slightly variable, and classified as a Gamma Cassiopeiae variable star with multiple periods of variability.[3] The International Variable Star Index lists Eta Centauri as both a Gamma Cassiopeiae variable and a Lambda Eridani variable.[15]

Eta Centauri has about 12[7] times the mass of the Sun, placing it above the dividing line between stars that evolve into white dwarfs and those that turn into supernovae. It is radiating 8,700[4] times as much luminosity as the Sun from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 25,700 K.[4] This heat causes the star to glow with the blue-white hue common to B-type stars.[16] Eta Centauri is a proper motion member of the Upper-Centaurus Lupus sub-group in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, the nearest such co-moving association of massive stars to the Sun.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina; Moreno, Hugo (June 1968), "A photometric investigation of the Scorpio-Centaurus association", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 15: 459, Bibcode:1968ApJS...15..459G, doi:10.1086/190168
  3. ^ a b c Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007–2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. 1: 02025. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Balona, L. A.; Dziembowski, W. A. (October 1999), "Excitation and visibility of high-degree modes in stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 309 (1): 221–232, Bibcode:1999MNRAS.309..221B, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02821.x
  5. ^ Wielen, R.; et al. (1999), "Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions", Veröff. Astron. Rechen-Inst. Heidelb, Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, 35 (35): 1, Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W
  6. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  7. ^ a b c Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x
  8. ^ Kaler, James B. "ETA CEN (Eta Centauri)". University of Illinois. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  9. ^ a b de Geus, E. J.; de Zeeuw, P. T.; Lub, J. (June 1989), "Physical parameters of stars in the Scorpio-Centaurus OB association", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 216 (1–2): 44–61, Bibcode:1989A&A...216...44D
  10. ^ "eta Cen". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  11. ^ (in Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  12. ^ Allen, R. H. (1963), Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.), New York, NY: Dover Publications Inc., p. 154, ISBN 0-486-21079-0
  13. ^ Janot-Pacheco, E., Leister NV, et al. (1999), "Multi-periodicity of the Be star η Centauri from spectroscopic and photometric observations", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 137 (3): 407, Bibcode:1999A&AS..137..407J, doi:10.1051/aas:1999256
  14. ^ Silaj, J.; Jones, C. E.; Tycner, C.; Sigut, T. A. A.; Smith, A. D. (March 2010), "A Systematic Study of Hα Profiles of Be Stars", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 187 (1): 228–250, Bibcode:2010ApJS..187..228S, doi:10.1088/0067-0049/187/1/228
  15. ^ Watson, C. L. (2006). "The International Variable Star Index (VSX)". The Society for Astronomical Sciences 25th Annual Symposium on Telescope Science. Held May 23–25. 25: 47. Bibcode:2006SASS...25...47W.
  16. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, archived from the original on 2012-03-18, retrieved 2012-01-16

External links[edit]