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Grand Trunk Road, at Etah, during British Raj
Grand Trunk Road, at Etah, during British Raj
Etah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
Founded byKing Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur
 • Etah (Lok Sabha constituency )MPRajveer Singh (BJP)
Population (2011)
 • Total131,023
 • Rank272nd in India
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-82

Etah is a municipality town which is also the district headquarters of Etah district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. The driving distance from New Delhi to Etah is 207 km and it takes approximately 4 hours by public transport to reach there.[1][2][3] It is 82 kilometers from Agra, which is one hour and 33 minutes by road.[4] Etah District is part of the Aligarh Division.


Etah is located at 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67.[5] It has an average elevation of 170 metres (557 feet). Eesan river flows through there (though very polluted now and almost dried up) behind the village Gajipur Pahore.


The primary occupation of the people of the district is agriculture. The area is situated between Ganga and Yamuna (Doaab) which is highly fertile (Alluvial soil). The farmers are harvesting three crops in a year. The water for irrigation is available the year round. Major agricultural products are rice, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize; the soil is suitable for the cultivation of tobacco.

Men and women at work in rice paddy fields in Etah (UP)
Two young farmers binding the wheat bundles for putting in thresher machine

Population density[edit]

The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Etah district for 2011 is 717 people per km2. In 2001, Etah district density was at 636 people per km2. Etah district administers 2,456 square kilometers of areas.


Ravana awaits his destruction in Ramlila Ground Etah.

Etah is a developing city. It is the district headquarters since the British times. National Highway 91 (India)(NH 91) GT Road passes through city Etah. The Padav maidan (open field) is the field used for the army during army movements. Every year this field is used for Ram-Lila at Dussehra in month September and October and for exhibitions in month from December to February.


As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etah urban agglomeration had a population of 131,023, out of which males were 69,446 and females were 61,577. The literacy rate was 85.62 per cent.[6]

Religions in Etah
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001 India census,[7] Etah has a population of 107,098. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Etah has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 63%. In Etah, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.


The opening of railway line by the first president Rajendra Prasad. Here is only one small railway line from ETAH to Tundla and further railway connectivity to Kasganj and Aligarh is on high demand by people of Etah.

Railway Ministry has approved the survey for direct trains to New Delhi, Agra and Aligarh.

A thermal power project of 4000 MW has been proposed, will situated at Nandpur Belamai near Sakit and approximately 20 km from Etah, Ministry of Environment has cleared the project. Land acquisition work is over and construction of the same shall start in 2015, will boost up the power supply in UP.[citation needed] A new firing range is built in Etah on Nidhauli road.

Religious places[edit]

The Kailash Mandir at Etah was built by King Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur and is 148 years old.[citation needed]

Noah Kera village was known for marriage of Lord Sri Krishna with Rukmini.[citation needed]

Bhooteshwar is a place for Hindu bodies to be cremated.


Etah food consists of the food prepared in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It consists of the Mughlai near in Agra cuisines and comprises vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. Dum biryani, kababs, and kormas are some of the dishes made in this region.


An illustrated manuscript of one of Amir Khusrau's poems

Etah beside of its rich cultural diversity is too famous form its educational institutes .Schools in the town include Assisi convent school,B.S.D. Public School,BPS Public School, SMS Jr. High school-Shikohabad Road, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, St. Paul's Sr. Sec. School, Gyan Bharti Inter College, Tulip Public School, Sarswati Vidya Mandir, Sri Ram Bal Bharati Higher Secondary School, Dr. Lokman Das Public School, Apex Public School, S.B Public School, Satyasheel Public School Bhojpur Nagla Jawahari, Christian Agricultural Inter College, G.I.C Inter College, JLN Public school, Bhagipur, Gandhi Smark inter College, Arya Vidyalay, Printis Girls College, G.G.I.C. Inter College and Maharani Lakshmi Bai Inter College are some of the schools in Etah. Ganjdundwara PG College and Dr. Z.H. Degree College and Jawaharlal Nehru Degree College Etah are colleges in the district for science students.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ Distance between Etah, Uttar Pradesh and New Delhi, Delhi 128 Miles / 207 km. Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  2. ^ Fifth phase of UP polls to seal Yadavs' fate. Hindustan Times (2012-02-22). Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  3. ^
  4. ^ [1] Retrieved on 2018-04-07.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Etah. Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

External links[edit]