Eternal leaders of Juche Korea
|Eternal Leaders of Juche Korea
주체조선의 영원한 수령
|Residence||Kumsusan Palace of the Sun (Resting place)|
|Seat||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of North Korea|
|Formation||28 December 1972
(President of North Korea)|
5 September 1998 (Eternal President of the Republic)
11 April 2012 (Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party)
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
|Eternal leaders of Juche Korea|
|Chosŏn'gŭl||주체조선의 영원한 수령|
|Hancha||主體朝鮮의 永遠한 首領|
Juchejoseonui Yeongwonhan Suryeong
Chuch'ech'osŏnŭi Yŏngwŏnhan Suryŏng
The official designation of Eternal Leaders of Juche Korea (주체조선의 영원한 수령) was established by a line in the preamble to the Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as amended on 30 June 2016, and in subsequent revisions.
It reads (in the original version):
Under the leadership of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Korean people will uphold the great Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il as the eternal leaders of Juche Korea...
History of the title
Presidency of North Korea before 1994
The President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Constitution of North Korea in 1972. Until then, Kim Il-sung, the de facto ruler of North Korea, held the posts of Premier and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea.
In 1972 the Presidency was established, and Kim Il-sung was elected to the position by the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean legislature, on 28 December 1972. Kim held the Office of President until 1994 when he died, and the position was left vacant when he died.
"Eternal President of the Republic"
The revised constitution in 1998 abolished the presidency and established the honorific title of Eternal President of the Republic (공화국의 영원한 주석), which was given to Kim Il-sung.
The preamble of the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea as amended on 5 September 1998 reads:
Under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Korean people will hold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung in high esteem as the eternal President of the Republic...
The Eternal President of the Republic was the de jure head of state and head of government of North Korea, with those positions being de facto held by the Supreme Leader. According to Ashley J. Tellis and Michael Wills, this amendment to the preamble was an indication of the unique North Korean characteristic of being a theocratic state based on the North Korean cult of personality revering Kim Il-sung. In addition, North Korea adopted a Juche calendar dating from 1912, the year of Kim Il-sung's birth.
"Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party"
After the death of Kim Jong-il, the constitution was amended in 2012 to make him as Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea. The title of party leader was changed to "First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea".
Head of state role in North Korea after the death of Kim Il-sung
The functions and powers previously belonging to the President were divided between three officials: the head of government, the Premier of North Korea; the speaker of the legislature, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly; and the head of the military, the Chairman of the National Defence Commission (replaced by State Affairs Commission of North Korea in 2016) and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, all of which are currently held by Kim Il-sung's grandson, Kim Jong-un.
The de jure head of state of North Korea is the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly.
- Death and state funeral of Kim Il-sung
- Death and state funeral of Kim Jong-il
- Family dictatorship
- Imperial cult
- Kim dynasty (North Korea)
- Kim Il-sung bibliography
- List of things named after Kim Il-sung
- North Korean cult of personality
- Political religion
- President for Life
- Propaganda in North Korea
- Sacred king
- Vice President of North Korea
- Kim Jong-il (1994). Let Us Hold the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung in High Esteem as the Eternal President of Our Republic.