Eternal President of the Republic

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Eternal President of the Republic For Life
공화국의 영원한 주석
Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg
Incumbent
Kim Il-sung

since 5 September 1998
Residence Kumsusan Palace of the Sun
Seat Pyongyang, DPRK
Constituting instrument Constitution of North Korea
Formation

28 December 1972 (formation of President of North Korea)

5 September 1998 (constitutional amendment)
Emblem of North Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Eternal President of the Republic
Chosŏn'gŭl 공화국의 영원한 주석
Hancha 共和國의 永遠한 主席
Revised Romanization
Gonghwagugui Yeongwonhan Juseok
McCune–Reischauer
Konghwagugŭi Yŏngwŏnhan Chusŏk

The official designation of an Eternal President of the Republic (공화국의 영원한 주석, literally in English "Eternal Chairman of the Republic") was established by a line in the preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as amended on September 5, 1998, and in subsequent revisions.

It reads (in the original version):

Under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Korean people will hold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung in high esteem as the eternal President of the Republic...[1]

According to Ashley J. Tellis and Michael Wills, this amendment to the preamble is an indication of the unique North Korean characteristic of being a theocratic state based on a cult of personality revering Kim Il-sung. In addition, North Korea adopted a Juche calendar dating from 1912, the year of Kim Il-sung's birth.[2]

Presidency of North Korea[edit]

The President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Constitution of North Korea in 1972. Until then, Kim Il-sung, the de facto ruler of North Korea, held the posts of Premier and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea.

In 1972 the Presidency was established, and Kim Il-sung was elected to the position by the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean legislature, on 28 December 1972. Kim held the Office of President until 1994 when he died, and the position was left vacant when he died.

The revised constitution in 1998 abolished the presidency and established the honorific title of Eternal President of the Republic, which was given to Kim Il-sung.

Head of state role in North Koreas after 1994[edit]

As of 2017 there is no President of North Korea, as the office was left vacant from the death of Kim Il-sung in 1994, and was ipso facto abolished with the 1998 constitutional changes.

Instead, the functions and powers previously belonging to the President were divided between three officials: the head of government, the Premier of North Korea; the speaker of the legislature, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly; and the head of the military, the Chairman of the National Defence Commission (replaced by State Affairs Commission of North Korea in 2016) and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, currently held by Kim Il-sung's grandson, Kim Jong-un.

The latter Kim is also the chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, and is reckoned as "Supreme Leader" with absolute control over the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kim Jong-il (1994). Let Us Hold the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung in High Esteem as the Eternal President of Our Republic. 
  1. ^ Constitution of North Korea (1972) Wikisource
  2. ^ Ashley J. Tellis; Michael Wills (30 September 2007). Domestic Political Change and Grand Strategy. NBR. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-9713938-8-2. Retrieved 9 July 2012.