Ethan Allen Andrews (lexicographer)

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Ethan Allen Andrews (April 7, 1787 – March 4, 1858) was an American lexicographer and educator. He published a major Latin dictionary in 1850 and served in the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1851 and was a Whig.[1][2]


Andrews was born in New Britain, Connecticut, and graduated at Yale in 1810. He practiced law for several years, then (1822–1828) was professor of ancient languages at the University of North Carolina, after which he taught at New Haven and Boston. He married Lucy Cowles Andrews, with whom he had one son, Horace.[1]

He died on March 4, 1858 in New Britain.


He published a number of Latin textbooks and in 1850 a Latin-English lexicon, a reduced version of Wilhelm Freund's German translation of Egidio Forcellini's 1771 dictionary, which became known as Andrews' Lexicon. It went through many revisions and came to be known as Harper's Latin Dictionary (1907). He published a Latin grammar with his Yale classmate Solomon Stoddard, long very popular. A monograph, Slavery and the Domestic Slave Trade in the United States, was printed in Boston in 1836. Other publications include "First Latin Book"; "Latin Reader"; "Viri Romae"; "Latin Lessons"; "Andrews' and Stoddard's Latin Grammar"; "Synopsis of Latin Grammar"; "Questions on the Latin Grammar"; "Latin Exercises"; "Key to Latin Exercises"; "Exercises in Latin Etymology"; "Caesar's Commentaries"; "Sallust"; and "Ovid".


  • Slavery and the Domestic Slave Trade in the United States (Boston, 1836)

Edited volumes[edit]

  • Leisure Hours: A Choice Collection of Readings in Prose (Boston, 1844)

Reference works[edit]

  • A Copious and Critical Latin-English Lexicon Founded on the Larger Latin-German Lexicon of Dr. Wilhelm Freund (New York, 1851)


  • A Grammar of the Latin Language for Use of Schools and Colleges with Soloman Stoddard (Boston, 1836)
  • Questions upon Andrews' and Stoddard's Latin Grammar (Boston and New York, 1836)
  • First Lessons in Latin (New York and Boston, 1837)
  • The First Part of Jacobs and Doring's Latin Reader (Boston, 1837)
  • Latin Exercises (Boston, 1837)
  • A Key to Latin Exercises (Boston, 1837)
  • A First Latin Book or Progressive Lessons in Reading and Writing Latin (Boston, 1846)
  • A Synopsis of Latin Grammar (Boston, 1851)
  • Exercises in Latin Etymology (Boston, 1855)
  • A Manual of Latin Grammar (Boston, 1859)


  • Sallust's History of the War against Jugurtha, and of the Conspiracy of Catiline (New Haven, 1841)
  • Lhomond's Virie Romae (Boston, 1842)
  • C. Julius Caeser's Commentaries on the Gallic War (Boston, 1846)


  1. ^ a b Briggs, Ward W., Jr. (1994). "Andrews, Ethan Allen". In Briggs, Ward W., Jr. Biographical Dictionary of North American Classicists. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 18–19. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Connecticut State Library-Members of the Connecticut General Assembly Archived October 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hubbard Winslow, Eulogy on the Late Professor E. A. Andrews (Boston, 1858)
  • "A History of Harper's Latin Dictionary." (1972). Harvard Library Bulletin 20: 349–366.

External links[edit]