Ethan Allen Express

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Ethan Allen Express
Ethan Allen enters Croton Harmon 08 12 08.jpg
Rutland-bound train #291 entering Croton Harmon
Station, August 12, 2008
Service type Inter-city rail
Locale Vermont
First service December 1996
Current operator(s) Amtrak
  • 145 average daily
  • 52,755 total (2014)[1]
Start New York City
End Rutland, Vermont
Distance travelled 241 miles (388 km)
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 290-293, 296
On-board services
  • Business class
  • Reserved coach
Catering facilities On-board cafe
Baggage facilities Carry-on only
Rolling stock Amfleet coaches
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Track owner(s) Clarendon & Pittsford Railroad
Canadian Pacific Railway
CSX Transportation
Metro-North Railroad
Route map
proposed extension
0 mi
0 km
9 mi
14 km
14 mi
23 km
Fair Haven
44 mi
71 km
Fort Edward
63 mi
101 km
Saratoga Springs
Mohawk River
82 mi
132 km
Hudson River
100 mi
161 km
128 mi
206 km
153 mi
246 km
169 mi
272 km
MTA NYC logo.svg
209 mi
336 km
MTA NYC logo.svg
227 mi
365 km
MTA NYC logo.svg
241 mi
388 km
New York
Subway interchange Mainline rail interchange NJ Transit MTA NYC logo.svg

The Ethan Allen Express is a 241-mile (388 km) passenger train service operated by Amtrak between New York City and Rutland, Vermont via Albany, New York. The scheduled total trip time is 5.5 hours. Operations are subsidized by the states of Vermont and New York, and the train is popular among vacationers travelling to the ski resort area of Killington, Vermont. The Ethan Allen Express is named for the American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen. Between Penn Station and Rensselaer, it operates along the Empire Corridor.


The Ethan Allen Express at Rutland in 2001

In April 1995, the Montrealer was shifted to daytime operation and cut back to St. Albans as the Vermonter, providing daytime service to eastern and central Vermont for the first time since 1966.[2] The western part of the state then advocated for rail service to Rutland as well. $4.7 million in federal funds was secured to upgrade the former Delaware and Hudson Railway line between Whitehall and Rutland for passenger speeds.[3] Service was initiated in December 2, 1996.[4] This was the first passenger service between Fort Edward and Whitehall since 1953, and the first between Whitehall and Rutland since 1936.[3]

The Ethan Allen Express began with stops in Rutland, Fort Edward-Glens Falls, Saratoga Springs, Schenectady, Albany-Rensselaer, Hudson, Rhinecliff-Kingston, Poughkeepsie, Croton-Harmon, Yonkers and New York City (Penn Station).[5] A stop at Fair Haven was added in November 1997.[6]

Until May 2002, the train included a baggage car for skis and unboxed bicycles as well as checked baggage.[citation needed]

In October 2008, the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) proposed eliminating the Ethan Allen Express and replacing it with a bus citing budgetary restrictions. The proposal was rejected by the appropriate legislative committee.[7] VTrans again proposed ending service in January 2009. Two hundred people rallied at Rutland station against the proposed cut.[8] Rail advocates, led by the Vermont Rail Action Network[9] and local political leaders[10] organized to fight the cut and plans to drop the service were abandoned.[11]

On January 2, 2010, the Ethan Allen Express began stopping at Castleton station (Vermont). Service to Fair Haven ended on January 9.[12]

On February 23, 2011, VTrans began an investigation into the Vermont Rail System's (VRS) handling of the Ethan Allen Express between Whitehall, New York and Rutland after Amtrak notified the state that track conditions meant the train was frequently delayed. Amtrak evaluated the line as the worst in the nation.[13] During the summer of 2011, VRS conducted work to improve the track in question, planned to result in an eighteen-minute reduction in travel time by the end of the year, with additional work planned for the summer of 2012.[14] The project was funded by both the railroad and the state of New York at a cost of $3.25 million, and involved rebuilding about 8 miles (13 km) of track and eight grade crossings.[14] By February 2012, the trackwork had resulted in a 15-minute southbound and 25-minute northbound reduction in travel time between Rutland and Whitehall, while the total time the Ethan Allen Express operated behind schedule fell to 135 minutes in December 2011, from 11,068 minutes a year earlier.[15]

Proposed extension to Burlington[edit]

Union Station in Burlington, Vermont will be the northern terminus of the Ethan Allen Express beginning around 2018

Plans have existed to extend the Ethan Allen to Burlington from at least 2000.[16] A $30 million earmark was obtained by Senator Jim Jeffords in 2005, partially to fund the work, of which $19 million remained by 2011, the remainder having been used for other projects such as a new spur for freight traffic.[16][17]

Advocates, led by Chambers of Commerce and the Vermont Rail Action Network renewed the push for an extension to Burlington.[18] They believed that service to Burlington would secure the long-term sustainability of the service by generating much more ridership than Rutland is capable of.[19]

The Vermont Agency of Transportation applied for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 funds to rebuild the tracks to passenger standards (59 mph) which would enable the extension.[20] While the initial application was not approved, the state subsequently entered a second US$70 million application for similar grants,[21] and later a third, all of which were rejected.[17]

In 2013, the extension received additional funding via a $9 million TIGER V (fifth round of Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery) grant. The money will pay for the replacement of jointed rail with continuously welded rail.[22]

In October 2015, the Vermont Agency of Transportation was awarded a $10 million TIGER 2015 grant to rehabilitate 11 miles of track, add a wye in Rutland, add crossovers and passing sidings, and install passenger platforms in Middlebury, Vergennes, and Burlington. These improvements will result in increased speeds of up to 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) for freight and 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) for passenger trains between Rutland and Burlington.[23] Service to Burlington is to begin in 2018 or 2019 – the first passenger service between the cities since 1953.[2][24]

Route details[edit]

The Ethan Allen Express operates over trackage owned by the following railroads:


In the 2010s a typical Ethan Allen Express had three-four Amfleet passenger cars, an Amfleet business class car, and an Amfleet cafe car, with the train being pulled by a GE P32AC-DM dual-mode locomotive.[25]

Station stops[edit]

State/Province Town/City Station Connections
Vermont Rutland Rutland
Castleton Castleton MVRTD "The Bus": Fair Haven-Rutland Connector
New York Fort Edward Fort Edward-Glens Falls Amtrak: Adirondack
GGFT: 4, Train-Catcher Service
Saratoga Springs Saratoga Springs Amtrak: Adirondack
CDTA: NX Northway Xpress, 471, 472
Saratoga and North Creek Railroad: to North Creek, NY
Schenectady Schenectady Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Rensselaer Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
CDTA: 214, 24
Megabus: M27 to Ridgewood, New Jersey and New York City
Vermont Translines: Vermont Shires Connector to Bennington and Manchester, Vermont
Hudson Hudson Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Maple Leaf
Rhinecliff Rhinecliff-Kingston Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Maple Leaf
Poughkeepsie Poughkeepsie Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Maple Leaf
City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street
Dutchess County LOOP: Poughkeepsie RailLink
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
Croton-on-Hudson Croton–Harmon Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line: 10, 11, 14
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
Yonkers Yonkers Amtrak: Adirondack, Empire Service, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line: 6, 9, 25, 32, 91 (seasonal service)
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
New York City Penn Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Adirondack, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Empire Service, Keystone Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Northeast Regional, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
LIRR: Main Line, Port Washington Branch
NJ Transit: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Raritan Valley Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line
NYC Subway: 1, ​2, and ​3 A, ​C and ​E trains
NYC Transit buses: M4, M7, M20, M34 / M34A Select Bus Service, Q32


  1. ^ 2015 Fact Book and Annual Report (PDF) (Report). Vermont Agency of Transportation. 15 January 2015. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Lindsell, Robert M. (2000). The Rail Lines of Northern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 35–46, 175. ISBN 0942147065. 
  3. ^ a b Lloyd, Barbara (December 19, 1996). "Train Trip to Vermont Offers Some of the Fun". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ "In Amtrak History" (PDF). Amtrak Ink. 18 (11). December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Amtrak Northeast Timetable". Amtrak. November 10, 1996. p. 24 – via Museum of Railway Timetables. 
  6. ^ "Amtrak Northeast Timetable: Fall/Winter 1997-98". Amtrak. October 26, 1997 – via Museum of Railway Timetables. 
  7. ^ Ethan Allen Safe . . . Until January Posted Thursday, 18 December 2008
  8. ^ Hirschfeld, Peter; Stephanie M. Peters (January 20, 2009). "Amtrak rally draws 200 people". Rutland Herald. Archived from the original on May 6, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  9. ^ Vermont Rail Action Network 2009 Accomplishments Archived January 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. January 5, 2010
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2009-10-24.  Rutland Herald: State panel, county delegation speak against Amtrak bus service]January 10, 2009
  11. ^ Hirschfield, Peter (February 26, 2009). "Rutland Herald: Agency Soften Stance on Amtrak". Rutland Herald. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  13. ^ "Amtrak ranks Vermont last as worst railroad". Burlington Free Press. February 24, 2011. Archived from the original on February 25, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "Vermont Rail System posts progress on trackwork for Amtrak's Ethan Allen service". Progressive Railroading. August 12, 2011. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Vermont Rail System's bolstered track improves Amtrak transit times". Progressive Railroading. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Critics question whether money for rail in western Vermont is being well spent". Vermont Public Radio. 15 May 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "To Rutland by train: 68 miles and many millions of dollars". Burlington Free Press. 21 August 2011. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2011. 
  18. ^ Rutland Herald: Chambers push for revitalized rail system March 26, 2009
  19. ^ Vermont Rail Action Network: Extending the Ethan Allen To Burington April 6, 2008
  20. ^ Hirschfeld, Peter (December 28, 2009). "Rutland to Burlington state rail service tied to stimulus". Times-Argus. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  21. ^ "State Will Re-Submit Application to Rebuild Track for Ethan Allen to Burlington". Vermont Rail Action Network. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010. [dead link]
  22. ^ Tiger V grants awarded, NARP News, September 2013, National Association of Rail Passengers, p.3
  23. ^ "TIGER 2015 Awards" (PDF). United States Department of Transportation. 
  24. ^ Mansfield, Erin (27 October 2015). "VERMONT LANDS $10 MILLION TO FINISH RUTLAND TO BURLINGTON PASSENGER RAIL". VT Digger. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  25. ^ Vermont Agency of Transportation (January 2010). "Passenger Rail Equipment Options for the Amtrak Vermonter and Ethan Allen Express" (PDF). Vermont Legislature. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

External links[edit]