Ethan Allen Greenwood
Ethan Allen Greenwood (1779–1856) was a lawyer, portrait painter, and entrepreneurial museum proprietor in Boston, Massachusetts in the early 19th century. He established the New England Museum in 1818.
Greenwood was born in Hubbardston, Massachusetts to Moses Greenwood and Betsy Dunlap, May 27, 1779. He attended school at the Academy at New Salem, and the Leicester Academy. In 1806 he graduated from Dartmouth College. He also studied at West Point. Between 1801 and 1825, Greenwood produced many portraits, perhaps as many as 800 works. He utilized the physiognotrace technique. He kept a studio in Boston, ca.1813; and associated with other artists, including Gilbert Stuart. He joined the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 1814. He married Mrs.Caroline Carter Warren of Roxbury, Massachusetts in 1829. After the deaths of his parents he built a large house on their land and he became active in the public and business affairs of Hubbardston.
Throughout his life, Greenwood kept a diary. On reviewing some of the diary entries, one scholar observes: "[he] each day recorded both the weather and the title of the book he was reading ... and occasionally noted the library from which the volume was borrowed—the Adelphi Fraternity Library, the Social Friends Library [of Dartmouth College], or the unnamed circulating library he joined in 1806. His diaries now reside in the collection of the American Antiquarian Society. Entries from 1824 capture the details of Greenwood's life as a museum director:
"June 1st, 1824. A Mermaid arrived here last week & I agreed to exhibit it. Busy setting up Shark. --
2nd. Purchased some Indian Curiosities. -- 3rd. Bought four figures of an Italian $4.00. -- 5th. Bought four Busts of Voltaire, filling up jars of reptiles.... -- 7th. Artillery Election good run of business & in the eve a 'Glorious House' $342.75. Best day since the Museum began. --10th. Bought a young Shark."
The New England Museum enjoyed considerable popularity. Greenwood also established museum branches in Portland, Maine, and Providence, Rhode Island. However around 1834-1839 he experienced financial difficulties, and as a result "his assignees conveyed the collections [of the New England Museum] to Moses Kimball." Kimball would then found the Boston Museum and Gallery of Fine Arts, a theatre and exhibit hall, featuring a portion of Greenwood's collection; Kimball sold the other portion of Greenwood's collection to a museum effort in Lowell, Massachusetts, in 1840. Greenwood died May 3, 1856 and is buried in Hubbardston.
- William Thomas Davis (1895), Bench and bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, [Boston]: The Boston History Company
- "Greenwood, Ethan Allen (1779-1856)", Encyclopedia of American folk art, New York: Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0415929865, 0415929865
- Stowe, John (1881). History of the town of Hubbardston. The Committee.
- Walter Watkins (1911). "The New England Museum and the home of art in Boston". Bostonian Society Publications. Bostonian Society. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- "American Antiquarian Society website". Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- Wendy Bellion (1999). "The Mechanization of Likeness in Jeffersonian America". MIT Communications Forum. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- Zachariah G. Whitman (1842), The History Of The Ancient And Honorable Artillery Company (2 ed.), Boston: J.H. Eastburn, Printer
- Cathy N. Davidson (1986), Revolution and the Word, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195041089, 0195041089
- Extracts from the Journals of Ethan A. Greenwood: Portrait Painter and Museum Proprietor. Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 103, part 1, (April 1993); quoted in: Robert M. Lewis (September 30, 2003), From Traveling Show to Vaudeville, The Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 9780801870873, 0801870879
- "Museums in Boston". Essex Institute historical collections. Essex Institute. 34. 1898.
- Charles Cowley (1868), A history of Lowell, Boston: Lee & Shepard, OCLC 5782287
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ethan Allen Greenwood.|
- "A List of Portraits Painted by Ethan Allen Greenwood". Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. 56 (1): 129–153. 1946.
- Georgia Brady Bumgardner (1984). "The Early Career of Ethan Allen Greenwood". In Peter Benes. Itinerancy in New England and New York: Annual Proceedings of the Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife. Boston.
- Georgia Brady Barnhill (1993). "Extracts from the Journals of Ethan A. Greenwood: Portrait Painter and Museum Proprietor" (PDF). Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. 103 (1).