Ethel Ronzoni Bishop

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Ethel Ronzoni Bishop

Ethel Ronzoni Bishop (b. August 21, 1890[1]-1975) was an American biochemist and physiologist.

Early life and education[edit]

Ethel Ronzoni was born in California.[1] She earned her BS degree from Mills College in 1913,[1] her Master's from Columbia University in 1914,[1] and her PhD from the University of Wisconsin in 1923.


Ronzoni worked as an instructor of Home Economics at the University of Missouri – Columbia from 1914 to 1917, and was assistant professor of Home Economics at the University of Minnesota for the 1917-18 academic year.[2]

Ethel Ronzoni

Following her PhD, Bishop joined the Washington University School of Medicine in 1923, where she worked as an assistant professor until 1943;[3] she appears to be the first woman to have joined the School's academic faculty.[3] While there, she ran the chemistry lab of the Department of Medicine and Barnes Hospital. In 1943 she was promoted to associate professor of biochemistry, a position she held until her retirement in 1959.[3] After World War II, she switched to neuropsychiatry and ran the lab in the Department of Psychiatry.[3]

As a researcher, Bishop's main focus was carbohydrate metabolism. She also researched amino acid metabolism, steroid hormones and muscle biochemistry.[1][4]

Personal life[edit]

While attending the University of Wisconsin, Ronzoni met George Holman Bishop.[5] Bishop also worked at Washington University. Ronzoni and Bishop lived in the historical William Long Log House; after the death of Ronzoni in 1975, the St. Louis County took over the home.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Ethel Bishop Ronzoni" (PDF). Washington University. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Missouri Women in the Health Sciences - Biographies - First Women Faculty of the W.U. School of Medicine". Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Ethel Ronzoni - We've Come a Long Way, Maybe". Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  4. ^ Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie; Joy Dorothy Harvey (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: L-Z. Taylor & Francis. p. 1124. ISBN 978-0-415-92040-7. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy (2003-12-16). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century. Routledge. ISBN 9781135963439. 
  6. ^ "George H. Bishop and Ethel Ronzoni, in their home". Bernard Becker Medical Library. Washington University School of Medicine. Retrieved 6 May 2012.