Abyssinian–Persian wars

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Abyssinian–Persian wars
Khosrau I Textile.jpg
Egyptian woven pattern on a woolen curtain or trousers, which was a copy of a Sassanid silk import, which was in turn based on a fresco of Persian King Khosrau I fighting Ethiopian forces in Yemen.
Date 6th century AD
Location Yemen

Sassanian victory

  • End of Ethiopian rule in Arabia
Yemen annexed by the Sassanian Empire
Sassanian Empire
Himyarite Kingdom
Kingdom of Aksum
Commanders and leaders

King Khusrau I
Spahbed Vahrez

King Sayf ibn Dhi-Yazan 
Masruq ibn Abraha 

In the late sixth century, Sassanid Persian Empire and the Abyssinian Kingdom of Aksum fought a series of wars over control of the Himyarite Kingdom in southern Arabia. After the Battle of Hadhramaut and the Siege of Sana'a in 570, the Ethiopians were expelled from the Arabian peninsula. They had re-established their power there by 575 or 578, when another Persian army invaded the Himyarite Kingdom and re-established the deposed king on his throne as their client. It marked the end of Ethiopian rule in Arabia.