Ethiopid race

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Somali man of Eastern Hamitic type (sculpture of The Races of Mankind series, 1929).

Ethiopid (also spelled Aethiopid, also called Erythriote) is a historical racial classification of humans. By some, it was called Eastern Hamitic.[1][2]

Ethiopids were typically classified as a Caucasoid (Europid) subrace.[3] According to John Baker (1974), in their stable form, their center of distribution was considered to be Horn of Africa, among that region's Hamito-Semitic-speaking populations.[1]

Baker described them as being of medium height, with a dolicocephalic or mesocephalic skull (see cephalic index), an essentially Caucasoid facial form, an orthognathic profile (no prognathism) and a rather prominent, narrow nose, often ringlety hair, and an invariably brown skin, with either a reddish or blackish tinge.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Baker, John Randal (1974). Race. Oxford University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0192129543. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  2. ^ Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th ed. (Leipzig, 1885–1890), ethnographic map.
  3. ^ Simpson, George Eaton; Yinger, J. Milton (1985). The Meaning of Race. Racial and Cultural Minorities. pp. 27–39. doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-0551-2_2. ISBN 978-0-306-41777-1.

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