Ethiopid race

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Somali man of Eastern Hamitic type (sculpture of The Races of Mankind series, 1929).

Ethiopid (also spelled Aethiopid, Erythriote) is a historical racial classification of humans. It was equivalent with the Eastern Hamite division of the Caucasian race.[1][2]

Origin, distribution and physiognomy[edit]

Ethiopids are typically classified as a Caucasoid (Europid) subrace.[3] According to John Baker (1974), in their stable form, their center of distribution was considered to be Horn of Africa, among that region's Hamito-Semitic-speaking populations.[1]

Physically, the classic Ethiopid was of medium height, with a dolicocephalic or mesocephalic skull (see cephalic index). Facial form was essentially Caucasoid, with an orthognathic profile (no prognathism) and a rather prominent, narrow nose. Hair form was often ringlety and skin color was invariably brown, with either a reddish or blackish tinge. It is not certain which Caucasoid subrace formed the basis of this stock, but authorities usually suggested Mediterranid or Proto-Mediterranid ancestors.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Baker, John Randal (1974). Race. Oxford University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0192129543. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  2. ^ Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th ed. (Leipzig, 1885–1890), ethnographic map.
  3. ^ Simpson, George Eaton; Yinger, J. Milton (1985). The Meaning of Race. Racial and Cultural Minorities. pp. 27–39. doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-0551-2_2. ISBN 978-0-306-41777-1.

External links[edit]