Ethiopids were typically classified as a Caucasoid (Europid) subrace. According to John Baker (1974), in their stable form, their center of distribution was considered to be Horn of Africa, among that region's Hamito-Semitic-speaking populations.
Baker described them as being of medium height, with a dolicocephalic or mesocephalic skull (see cephalic index), an essentially Caucasoid facial form, an orthognathic profile (no prognathism) and a rather prominent, narrow nose, often ringlety hair, and an invariably brown skin, with either a reddish or blackish tinge.
- Baker, John Randal (1974). Race. Oxford University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0192129543. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
- Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th ed. (Leipzig, 1885–1890), ethnographic map.
- Simpson, George Eaton; Yinger, J. Milton (1985). The Meaning of Race. Racial and Cultural Minorities. pp. 27–39. doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-0551-2_2. ISBN 978-0-306-41777-1.