Demographics of Bangladesh

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Demographics of Bangladesh
Bangladesh single age population pyramid 2020.png
Bangladesh population pyramid in 2020
Population161,376,708 (2018 est.)[1][2]
Growth rate0.98% (2021 est.)[3]
Birth rate17.71 births/1,000
population (2020 est.)[3]
Death rate5.54 deaths/1,000
population (2020 est.)[3]
Life expectancy72.72 years (2020)[3]
 • male71.1 years
 • female74.4 years
Fertility rate2.00 children born/woman
(2020 est.)[3]
Infant mortality rate24.73 deaths/1,000 live births
(2020 est.)[3]
Age structure
0–14 years27.21% (2019 est.)[4]
15–64 years67.61% (2019 est.)[4]
65 and over5.18% (2019 est.)[4]
Sex ratio
Total0.97 male(s)/female
(2017 est.)[5]
At birth104 male(s)/ 100 female (2021) [6]
Under 15103 male(s)/ 100 female (2021) [6]
65 and over97 male(s)/ 100 female (2021) [6]
Nationality
NationalityBangladeshi
Major ethnicBengali
Minor ethnicChakma,
Tripuri,
Marma,
Mundas,
Garos (Achiks),
Oraons,
Santhals,
Mro,
Manipuri,
Zomi, Bihari
Language
OfficialBengali
SpokenBengali, Chittagonian language, Sylheti, etc.

Bangladesh is the eighth-most populated country in the world with almost 2.2% of the world's population. The population is estimated by the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] to have stood at 161,376,708 in 2018.

Bangladesh (previously East Pakistan between 1947 and 1971 and East Bengal before 1947) is largely ethnically homogeneous, and its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group which comprises 98% of the population. The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh, Barisal and North Bengal regions are home to diverse tribal peoples. There are many dialects of Bengali spoken throughout the region. The dialect spoken by those in Chittagong and Sylhet are particularly distinctive. About (90.4%) of Bangladeshis are Muslims, followed by Hindus (largest-minority) at (8.5%), Buddhists (0.6%) and Christians (0.4%) and others (0.1%) as per 2011 census.

Bangladesh has one of the highest population densities in the world. The total fertility rate (TFR) has been reduced by more than two thirds since Independence. The current TFR in Bangladesh is 2.1, globally considered to be a benchmark for replacement level fertility.

At this TFR, and without migration, Bangladesh's population is expected to soon reach a stage where it neither grows nor shrinks, once the top of its age pyramid fills in.[7]

Population[edit]

The 2020 total population was 168,827,626 which makes Bangladesh the eighth-most populous country in the world.

Census[edit]

Age-sex pyramid for Bangladesh, 2005

The latest decennial census was conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics in 2011.[8]

Demographic evolution of the territory of Bangladesh (1900-2010).
Population of Bangladesh[9]
Census date census population
(Million)
adjusted population
(Million)
1801 14.5
1851 20.3
1901 28.928
1911 31.555
1921 33.255
1931 35.602
1941 41.997
1951 41.932
1961 50.840
1974 71.479 76.398
1981 87.120 89.912
1991 106.313 111.455
2001 124.355 130.523
15 Mar 2011 142.319 152.518

p=provisional figure

UN estimates[10][edit]

Total population (Million) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 37.895 41.2 54.8 3.9
1955 43.444 42.4 54.1 3.5
1960 50.102 43.6 53.1 3.3
1965 57.792 44.7 52.0 3.3
1970 66.881 44.7 51.8 3.4
1975 70.582 45.8 50.7 3.5
1980 80.624 45.0 51.4 3.6
1985 92.284 43.9 52.5 3.6
1990 105.256 42.5 53.8 3.7
1995 117.487 40.3 55.9 3.8
2000 127.658 37.0 59.2 3.9
2005 139.036 34.4 61.3 4.3
2010 147.575 32.0 63.2 4.8
2015 156.256 29.3 65.6 5.1
2020 164.689 26.8 68.0 5.2

Structure of the population[edit]

[11][12]

Structure of the population (15 March 2011) (Census) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 72 109 796 71 933 901 144 043 697 100
0-4 7 638 523 7 423 447 15 061 970 10.46
5-9 9 322 514 8 850 715 18 173 229 12.62
10-14 8 614 889 8 031 726 16 646 615 11.56
15-19 6 509 492 6 352 398 12 861 890 8.93
20-24 5 777 370 7 522 419 13 299 789 9.23
25-29 6 225 252 7 254 256 13 479 508 9.36
30-34 5 079 106 5 420 659 10 499 765 7.29
35-39 4 697 349 4 859 079 9 556 428 6.63
40-44 4 280 923 3 980 739 8 261 662 5.74
45-49 3 363 273 3 016 800 6 380 073 4.43
50-54 2 952 596 2 599 675 5 552 271 3.85
55-59 1 923 534 1 577 463 3 500 997 2.43
60-64 2 081 306 1 852 708 3 934 014 2.73
65-69 1 149 569 963 921 2 113 490 1.47
70-74 1 206 398 1 025 314 2 231 712 1.55
75-79 488 338 386 389 874 727 0.61
80-84 443 239 436 840 880 079 0.61
85-89 138 268 124 343 262 611 0.18
90-94 116 916 133 273 250 189 0.17
95+ 100 941 121 737 222 678 0.15
Age group Male Female Total %
0-14 25 575 926 24 305 888 49 881 814 34,63
15-64 42 890 201 44 436 196 87 326 397 60,62
65+ 3 643 669 3 191 817 6 835 486 4,75

Structure of the population (DHS 2014) Male: 37 672, Female: 39 641, Total: 77 313 :

Age Group Male Female Total
0-4 11.0 9.6 10.3
5-9 11.8 10.7 11.2
10-14 12.3 11.5 11.9
15-19 9.4 11.5 10.5
20-24 6.7 9.8 8.3
25-29 7.6 9.1 8.3
30-34 6.7 7.9 7.3
35-39 6.3 6.0 6.2
40-44 5.7 5.4 5.6
45-49 4.6 4.6 4.6
50-54 4.5 3.1 3.8
55-59 3.4 3.6 3.5
60-64 3.4 2.6 3.0
65-69 2.4 1.6 2.0
70-74 1.9 1.2 1.5
75-79 1.0 0.5 0.8
80+ 1.3 1.2 1.3
Age group Male Female Total
0-14 35.1 31.8 33.4
15-64 58.3 63.7 61.0
65+ 6.6 4.5 5.6

Other sources[edit]

The following table lists various recent estimates of the population.

Source Year Population (millions)
US State Dept[13] 2005 144
Population Reference Bureau[14] 2020 170
World Bank[15] 2020 165
CIA World FactBook[16] 2021 164
World Population Reference[17] 2010 164

According to the OECD/World Bank population in Bangladesh increased from 1990 to 2008 with 44 million and 38% growth in population compared to 34% growth in India and 54% growth in Pakistan. The annual population growth 2007-2008 was 1.4% compared to India 1.35%, Pakistan 2.2%, Dem. Rep. of Congo 2.9%, Tanzania 2.9%, Syria 3.5% or Yemen 4.0%. According to the OECD/World Bank population statistics between 1990 and 2008 the world population growth was 27% and 1,423 million persons.[18]

Population growth rate[edit]

A view of Paltan area in Dhaka in 2017

Bangladesh had high rates of population growth in the 1960s and 1970s. Since then however it has seen significant reduction in its total fertility rate. Over a period of three decades it dropped from almost 7 to 2.4 in 2005–2010.[10]

Gender ratio[edit]

Age range (years) Sex ratio (males/females) (2015 est.)[19]
at birth 1.04
0–14 1.03
15–24 0.89
25–54 0.90
55–64 1.01
65 and over 0.97
total population 0.95

Urban and rural[edit]

The sprawling mega-city of Dhaka has a huge population, but the majority of the people nonetheless still live in villages in rural areas.

Urban population: 37.4% of total population (2019 est.)
Rate of urbanization: 3.13% annual rate of change (2019 est.)
Bangladesh is considered an urban country based on their population density (hrsa.gov)

Population Density[edit]

Based on United Nations Data 2020 figures for population (164,689,383) and land area (130,170 km2), Bangladesh has the highest population density among large countries, 1265 persons per square kilometre, and 10th overall, when small countries and city-states are included.[20]

Vital statistics[edit]

Births and deaths[10][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 1 963 000 852 000 1 111 000 48.3 20.9 27.4 6.36 165.0
1955-1960 2 252 000 921 000 1 332 000 48.2 19.7 28.5 6.62 156.5
1960-1965 2 560 000 994 000 1 566 000 47.5 18.4 29.1 6.80 151.2
1965-1970 2 950 000 1 090 000 1 860 000 47.3 17.5 29.8 6.92 144.4
1970-1975 3 193 000 1 847 000 1 346 000 46.5 26.9 19.6 6.91 175.6
1975-1980 3 381 000 1 165 000 2 229 000 44.7 15.2 29.5 6.63 138.3
1980-1985 3 670 000 1 181 000 2 519 000 42.4 13.3 29.1 5.98 122.5
1985-1990 3 773 000 1 131 000 2 652 000 38.1 11.3 26.8 4.98 104.4
1990-1995 3 711 000 1 047 000 2 653 000 33.3 9.5 23.8 4.06 90.6
1995-2000 3 669 000 942 000 2 612 000 29.3 7.5 21.8 3.43 73.8
2000-2005 3 575 000 896 000 2 498 000 26.0 6.5 19.5 2.94 59.3
2005-2010 3 327 000 869 000 2 202 000 22.5 5.9 16.6 2.48 49.0
2010-2015 20.2 5.4 14.8 2.22
2015-2020 18.5 5.3 13.2 2.07
2020-2025 16.8 5.3 11.5 1.94
2025-2030 15.1 5.4 9.7 1.84
2030-2035 13.7 5.8 7.9 1.76
2035-2040 12.6 6.2 6.4 1.70
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Sample Vital Registration System[edit]

[11] [21]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000): National (Urban/Rural) Crude death rate (per 1000): National (Urban/Rural) Natural change (per 1000): National (Urban/Rural) Fertility rates: National (Urban/Rural)
1981 90,400,000 3,098,000 1,038,000 2,060,000 34.6 (24.8/35.7) 11.5 (7.2/12.2) 23.1 (17.6/23.5) 5.04 (3.20/5.28)
1982 92,300,000 3,189,000 1,107,000 2,082,000 34.8 (22.9/36.9) 12.2 (6.9/12.8) 22.6 (16.0/24.1) 5.21 (3.01/5.50)
1983 94,300,000 3,280,000 1,163,000 2,117,000 35.0 (27.1/36.4) 12.3 (7.5/13.2) 22.7 (19.6/23.2) 5.07 (3.45/5.36)
1984 96,300,000 3,335,000 1,182,000 2,153,000 34.8 (25.0/36.1) 12.3 (8.5/12.9) 22.5 (16.5/23.2) 4.83 (3.10/5.08)
1985 98,400,000 3,392,000 1,183,000 2,209,000 34.6 (28.0/35.3) 12.0 (8.3/12.9) 22.6 (19.7/22.4) 4.71 (3.52/4.91)
1986 100,500,000 3,448,000 1,183,000 2,265,000 34.4 (25.9/35.4) 12.1 (8.1/12.3) 22.3 (17.8/23.1) 4.70 (3.26/4.89)
1987 102,800,000 3,414,000 1,173,000 2,241,000 33.3 (24.8/34.6) 11.5 (7.6/11.8) 21.8 (17.2/22.8) 4.42 (3.05/4.64)
1988 105,000,000 3,477,000 1,179,000 2,298,000 33.2 (24.9/34.6) 11.3 (7.5/11.9) 21.9 (17.4/22.7) 4.45 (3.08/4.70)
1989 107,400,000 3,531,000 1,196,000 2,335,000 33.0 (24.4/34.5) 11.3 (7.3/11.9) 21.7 (17.1/22.6) 4.35 (2.90/4.59)
1990 109,800,000 3,559,000 1,106,000 2,453,000 32.8 (24.6/34.3) 11.4 (7.8/11.8) 21.4 (16.8/22.5) 4.33 (2.90/4.57)
1991 112,200,000 3,561,000 1,110,000 2,451,000 31.6 (23.9/32.9) 11.2 (7.8/11.5) 20.4 (16.1/21.4) 4.24 (2.89/4.51)
1992 114,400,000 3,455,000 1,139,000 2,316,000 30.8 (23.7/32.2) 11.0 (7.5/11.3) 19.8 (16.2/20.9) 4.18 (2.88/4.33)
1993 116,500,000 3,350,000 1,100,000 2,250,000 28.8 (21.0/30.0) 10.0 (7.2/10.4) 18.8 (13.8/19.6) 3.84 (2.62/4.00)
1994 118,400,000 3,289,000 1,067,000 2,222,000 27.0 (20.2/29.1) 9.3 (7.1/9.3) 17.7 (13.1/19.8) 3.58 (2.58/3.79)
1995 120,200,000 3,228,000 1,007,000 2,221,000 26.5 (19.4/28.5) 8.7 (6.7/9.0) 17.8 (12.7/19.5) 3.45 (2.50/3.78)
1996 122,100,000 3,143,000 989,000 2,154,000 25.6 (19.0/27.8) 8.2 (6.5/8.8) 17.4 (12.5/19.0) 3.41 (2.48/3.76)
1997 123,900,000 2,746,000 719,000 2,027,000 21.0 (16.2/24.5) 5.5 (4.2/6.5) 15.5 (12.0/18.0) 3.10 (2.28/3.32)
1998 125,700,000 2,608,000 652,000 1,956,000 19.9 (14.0/21.0) 5.1 (3.7/5.4) 14.8 (10.3/15.6) 2.98 (2.24/3.00)
1999 127,500,000 2,542,000 649,000 1,893,000 19.2 (13.8/20.9) 5.1 (3.5/5.4) 14.1 (10.3/15.5) 2.64 (1.76/2.91)
2000 129,300,000 2,454,000 640,000 1,814,000 19.0 (13.7/20.8) 4.9 (3.5/5.3) 14.1 (10.2/15.5) 2.59 (1.68/2.89)
2001 131,100,000 2,439,000 638,000 1,801,000 18.9 (13.6/20.7) 4.8 (4.3/5.2) 14.1 (9.3/15.5) 2.56 (1.73/2.84)
2002 132,900,000 2,674,000 679,000 1,995,000 20.1 (16.6/21.0) 5.1 (3.8/5.4) 15.0 (12.8/15.6) 2.55 (1.94/2.69)
2003 134,800,000 2,814,000 783,000 2,031,000 20.9 (17.9/21.7) 5.9 (4.7/6.2) 15.0 (13.2/15.5) 2.57 (1.91/2.70)
2004 136,700,000 2,830,000 794,000 2,036,000 20.8 (17.8/21.6) 5.8 (4.4/6.1) 15.0 (13.4/15.5) 2.51 (1.91/2.67)
2005 138,600,000 2,879,000 823,000 2,056,000 20.7 (17.8/21.7) 5.8 (4.9/6.1) 14.9 (12.9/15.6) 2.46 (1.87/2.65)
2006 140,600,000 2,901,000 789,000 2,112,000 20.6 (17.5/21.7) 5.6 (4.4/6.0) 15.0 (13.1/15.7) 2.41 (1.81/2.63)
2007 142,600,000 2,986,000 792,000 2,194,000 20.9 (17.4/22.1) 6.2 (5.1/6.6) 14.7 (12.3/15.5) 2.39 (1.79/2.61)
2008 144,700,000 3,022,000 885,000 2,137,000 20.5 (17.2/22.4) 6.0 (5.1/6.5) 14.5 (12.1/15.9) 2.30 (1.79/2.60)
2009 146,700,000 2,832,000 842,000 1,990,000 19.4 (16.8/20.4) 5.8 (4.7/6.1) 13.6 (12.1/14.3) 2.15 (1.65/2.28)
2010 148,600,000 2,868,494 842,095 2,026,399 19.2 (17.1/20.1) 5.6 (4.9/5.9) 13.6 (12.2/14.2) 2.12 (1.72/2.26)
2011 150,600,000 2,891,000 828,000 2,063,000 19.2 (17.4/20.2) 5.5 (4.8/5.8) 13.7 (12.6/14.4) 2.11 (1.71/2.25)
2012 152,700,000 2,933,000 826,000 2,107,000 18.9 (17.1/20.0) 5.3 (4.6/5.7) 13.6 (12.5/14.3) 2.12 (1.84/2.30)
2013 154,700,000 19.0 (18.2/19.3) 5.3 (4.6/5.6) 13.7 (13.6/13.7) 2.11 (1.84/2.19)
2014 156,800,000 18.9 (17.2/19.4) 5.2 (4.1/5.6) 13.7 (13.1/13.8) 2.11 (1.77/2.22)
2015 158,900,000 18.8 (16.5/20.3) 5.1 (4.6/5.5) 13.7 (11.9/14.8) 2.10 (1.72/2.30)
2016 160,800,000 18.7 (16.1/20.9) 5.1 (4.2/5.7) 13.6 (11.9/15.2) 2.10 (1.68/2.38)
2017 163,780,000 3,009,950 829,770 2,180,180 18.5 (16.1/20.4) 5.1 (4.2/5.7) 13.4 (11.9/14.7) 2.05 (1.68/2.37)
2018 164,600,000 18.3 (16.1/20.1) 5.0 (4.4/5.4) 13.3 (11.7/14.7) 2.05 (1.68/2.38)
2019 166,500,000 18.1 (15.9/20.0) 4.9 (4.4/5.4) 13.2 (11.5/14.6) 2.04 (1.67/2.37)
2020 168,220,000 3,040,667 852,254 2,188,413 18.1 (15.3/20.4) 5.1 (4.9/5.2) 13.0 (10.4/15.2) 2.04 (1.66/2.37)

Total fertility rate by divisions in 2020[edit]

Division TFR (total fertility rate) Crude birth rate Death rate
Mymensingh 2.69 21.8 5.0
Barishal 2.07 17.7 5.2
Chittagong 2.36 21.6 5.3
Dhaka 1.71 15.8 4.5
Rajshahi 1.99 16.8 5.4
Rangpur 2.11 18.2 5.2
Sylhet 1.94 17.7 5.3
Khulna 1.98 17.1 5.0

Fertility Rate (Demographic and Health Surveys)[edit]

[22] CBR (Crude Birth Rate), Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Wanted Fertility Rate (WFR):

Year CBR (Total) CBR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Total) TFR (Urban) TFR (Rural) WFR (Total) WFR (Urban) WFR (Rural)
1993-1994 29.1 25.3 29.5 3.44 2.69 3.54 2.1 1.7 2.2
1996-1997 29.4 22.6 30.2 3.27 2.10 3.43 2.1 1.5 2.2
1999-2000 30.2 25.3 31.3 3.31 2.45 3.54 2.2 1.7 2.4
2001 28.4 26.0 28.9 3.22 2.69 3.36
2004 28.7 25.8 29.5 3.0 2.5 3.2 2.0 1.6 2.1
2007 26.1 24.7 26.5 2.7 2.4 2.8 1.9 1.7 1.9
2011 22.6 20.6 23.3 2.3 2.0 2.5 1.6 1.5 1.6
2014 22.2 20.8 22.8 2.3 2.0 2.4 1.6 1.5 1.7
2017-18 21.9 21.1 22.3 2.3 2.0 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.8

Health[edit]

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total population: 72.7 years (2018)[23]
Male: 71.1 years
Female: 74.4 years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 40.7 1985–1990 57.0
1955–1960 44.2 1990–1995 60.0
1960–1965 47.2 1995–2000 63.7
1965–1970 49.3 2000–2005 66.7
1970–1975 46.3 2005–2010 69.1
1975–1980 52.2 2010–2015 71.2
1980–1985 54.3

Source: UN World Population Prospects[24]

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (adults, 102nd in world, 2001 est.); 0.01% (2014 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 12,000 (85th in world, 2007 est.)
Deaths: fewer than 500 (87th in world, 2007 est.); about 700 (2014 est.).

Major infectious diseases[edit]

Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
Water contact disease: leptospirosis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2005)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in Bangladesh[25]
Bengali
98.0%
Ethnic minorities
1.1%
Uncertain
0.9%

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Tripuri, Marma, Tanchangya, Barua, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Rakhine people, Garo, Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.

Communities of Persian and Iranic peoples mainly reside in the city of Chittagong and are the descendants of migrants that immigrated during the Pakistani dominion over Bangladesh, and also from the British Partition of 1947. Some are descendants of the Persian settlers during the medieval era of the Bengal Sultanate, most Iranic peoples living in Chittagong are either mainly or fully integrated into Bengali society, and have even influenced the Chittagonian language as a whole.[26][27][28]

Biharis are Urdu-speaking, non-Bengalis who emigrated from the state of Bihar and other parts of northern India during the 1947 partition. They are concentrated in the Dhaka and Rangpur areas and number some 300,000.[29][30] In the 1971 independence war many of them sided with Pakistan, as they stood to lose their positions in the upper levels of society.[31] Hundreds of thousands went to Pakistan and those that remained were interned in refugee camps. Their population declined from about 1 million in 1971 to 600,000 in the late 1980s.[31] Refugees International has called them a "neglected and stateless" people as they are denied citizenship by the governments of Bangladesh and Pakistan.[32] As nearly 40 years has passed, two generations of Biharis have been born in these camps. Biharis were granted Bangladeshi citizenship and voting rights in 2008.[33]

Bangladesh's tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census.[31] These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu.[31] The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas, Tanchangya, and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.[31]

There are small communities of Meitei people in the Sylhet district, which is close to the Meitei homeland across the border in Manipur, India.

There is a small population of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar near the border in the southeast. There are 28,000 living in two UN refugee camps in Cox's Bazar as well as some 200,000 "unregistered people of concern" living outside of the camps.[34] The refugee crisis originated in the early 1990s when the first wave numbering some 250,000 of the predominantly Muslim ethnic group fled persecution from their home in Rakhaine—Myanmar's westernmost state. Bangladesh seeks to repatriate the refugees back to Myanmar.[35]

Language[edit]

Languages of Bangladesh (2011)[25]
Bangla
98.8%
Other
1.2%

Religion[edit]

Population trends for major religious groups in Bangladesh (1951–2011)
Religious
group
Population
% 1951.[37]
Population
% 1961[37]
Population
% 1974[37]
Population
% 1981[37]
Population
% 1991[37]
Population
% 2001[38]
Population
% 2011[39]
Islam 76.9 % 80.4 % 85.4 % 86.6 % 88.3 % 89.7% 90.4 %
Hinduism 22 % 18.5% 13.5% 12.1 % 10.5 % 9.2% 8.5%
Buddhism 0.7 % 0.7 % 0.6 % 0.6 % 0.6 % 0.7 % 0.6%
Christianity 0.3 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.3 % 0.3 % 0.3% 0.4%
Other religions/No religion 0.1 % 0.1 % 0.2 % 0.3 % 0.3 % 0.1% 0.1%

Religions in Bangladesh (2011)[40]

  Islam (90.4%)
  Hinduism (8.5%)
  Buddhism (0.6%)
  Christianity (0.4%)
  Others (0.1%)
Bangladesh Religious diversity as per (2011 census)[41]
Religion Population
Muslims (Star and Crescent.svg) 135,394,218
Hindus (Om.svg) 12,730,651
Buddhists (Dharma Wheel.svg) 898,635
Christians (Christian cross.svg) 599,090
Other's 149,770

Bangladesh has a population of 149,772,364 as per 2011 census.[42]

Genetics[edit]

Bangladesh has the world's highest frequency of the M form of mitochondrial DNA. This genetic variant spans many continents, and is the single most common mtDNA haplogroup in Asia.[43] In Bangladesh it represents about 83% of maternal lineages.[44]

Education[edit]

Literacy rates in Bangladesh districts

Bangladesh has a literacy rate of 74.70 percent as of 2019. 76.67 percent for males and 71.95 percent for females.

Migrants[edit]

According to the United Nations, there were 1,500,921 international migrants in Bangladesh in 2017.

Their most common countries of origin were as follows:

International migrants in Bangladesh in 2017
 Myanmar 239,742
 Malaysia 208,406
 China 166,646
 Indonesia 156,500
 Laos 90,253
 United States 47,103
   Nepal 39,988
 India 35,250
 Great Britain 34,266
 Bahrain 30,877
 Vietnam 28,176
 Cambodia 20,109
Source: United Nations"Migrant Stock by Origin and Destination" (PDF). 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.

At the same time, the United Nations also enumerated the Bangladesh diaspora as 4,499,919 persons.

The most common countries where Bangladeshi migrants are located were as follows:

International migrants from Bangladesh in 2017
 Saudi Arabia 1,377,072
 United Arab Emirates 1,044,505
 Kuwait 381,669
 Malaysia 365,600
 Oman 276,518
 Great Britain 228,353
 United States 279,021
 Qatar 183,386
 Italy 100,743
 Singapore 83,279
 Bahrain 80,457
 Canada 65,698
 Australia 48,888
 Maldives 38,620
Source: United Nations"Migrant Stock by Origin and Destination" (PDF). 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/BGD/bangladesh/population
  4. ^ a b c "Bangladesh: Age structure from 2009 to 2019". Statista.com.
  5. ^ "The World Factbook: Bangladesh: People and Society". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b c https://www.states101.com/gender-ratios/global/bangladesh
  7. ^ Najma Rizvi (16 June 2018). "Healthy Change". Dandc.eu. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  8. ^ "2016 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). 203.112.218.65. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  9. ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Population
  10. ^ a b c "World Population Prostpects 2019". Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  11. ^ a b http://www.bbs.gov.bd/site/page/ef4d6756-2685-485a-b707-aa2d96bd4c6c/-
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  17. ^ "World Population Highlights: Key Findings From PRB's 2010 World Population Data Sheet". World Population Reference. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  18. ^ CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Population 1971-2008 (pdf Archived 6 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine pages 83-85) IEA (OECD/ World Bank) original population ref e.g. in IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2010 page 57
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  25. ^ a b "South Asia ::BANGLADESH". CIA The World Factbook.
  26. ^ "The Role of the Persian Language in Bengali and the World Civilization: An Analytical Study" (PDF). Uits.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
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  28. ^ "Chittagong City". Banglapedia.
  29. ^ "Socio-economic Problems of the Urdu Speaking Residents at Mohammadpur" (PDF). Democracy Watch. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
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  31. ^ a b c d e Ethnic and Linguistic Diversity, Bangladesh: A Country Study, Edited by James Heitzman and Robert Worden, Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989.
  32. ^ "Refugees of Nowhere: The Stateless Biharis of Bangladesh". Refugees International. 15 February 2006. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007.
  33. ^ "Citizenship for Bihari refugees". BBC News. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  34. ^ 2010 Regional Operations Profile - South-East Asia, UNHCR, 2010.
  35. ^ "Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh refuse repatriation". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2009.
  36. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
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  40. ^ "Official Census Results 2011 page xiii" (PDF). Bangladesh Government. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  41. ^ "Official Census Results 2011 page xiii"
  42. ^ Data Archived 4 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Census – Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
  43. ^ Ghezzi et al. (2005), Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup K is associated with a lower risk of Parkinson's disease in Italians, European Journal of Human Genetics (2005) 13, 748–752.
  44. ^ Mait Metspalu et al., Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans. BMC Genetics, 2004

External links[edit]