Ethnic groups in Burundi

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The population of Burundi is made up mainly of Hutu, a Bantu people, traditionally farmers, who constitute about 85 percent of the inhabitants. A tall, Bantu-speaking people, the Tutsi (Watutsi, Watusi, Batutsi), constitute about 14 percent of the population but dominate the government and military.

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were the Twa (Batwa), a Pygmy tribe of hunters, related to the Pygmies of the DROC. They make up approximately one percent of the population.

There are about 82,000 immigrant Africans. Europeans and Asians number about 5,000.

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