Ethnic origins of people in Canada

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Given here are the ethnic origins of Canadian residents (citizens, landed immigrants, and non-citizen temporary residents) as recorded by them on their 2006 census form. The relevant census question asked for "the ethnic or cultural origins" of the respondent's ancestors and not the respondents themselves.

As data were collected by self-declaration, labels may not necessarily describe the true ancestry of respondents.[1] Also note that many respondents acknowledged multiple ancestries. These people were added to the "multiple origin" total for each origin listed. These include responses as varied as a respondent who listed eight different origins and a respondent who answered "French Canadian" (leading to him/her being counted once for "French" and once for "Canadian"). As with all self-reported data, understanding of the question may have varied from respondent to respondent.


Larger ethnic origins (200,000 or more individuals per group)[edit]

Map of the dominant self-identified ethnic origins per census division of 2006.
[2]
Ethnicity[3] Combined
responses[3]
As single
response[3]
One of multiple
responses[3]
Canadian[4] 10,066,290 5,748,720 4,317,570
English 6,570,015 1,367,125 5,202,890
French 4,941,210 1,230,540 3,710,675
Scottish 4,719,850 568,515 4,151,340
Irish 4,354,155 491,030 3,863,125
German 3,179,425 670,640 2,508,785
Italian 1,445,335 741,045 704,285
Chinese 1,346,510 1,135,365 211,145
"North American Indian"[5] 1,253,615 512,150 741,470
Ukrainian 1,209,085 300,590 908,495
Dutch 1,035,965 303,400 732,560
Polish 984,565 269,375 715,190
East Indian 962,665 780,175 182,495
Russian 500,600 98,245 402,355
Welsh 440,965 27,115 413,855
Filipino 436,190 321,390 114,800
Norwegian 432,515 44,790 387,725
Portuguese 410,850 262,230 148,625
Métis 409,065 77,295 331,770
British Isles,
not included elsewhere
403,915 94,145 309,770
Swedish 334,765 28,445 306,325
Spanish 325,730 67,475 258,255
American 316,350 28,785 287,565
Hungarian (Magyar) 315,510 88,685 226,820
Jewish 315,120 134,045 181,070
Greek 242,685 145,250 97,435
Jamaican 231,110 134,320 96,785
Danish 200,035 33,770 166,265

Smaller ethnic origins[edit]

Ethnicity[3] Combined
responses[3]
As single
response[3]
One of multiple
responses
per respondent[3]
Austrian 194,255 27,060 166,265
Romanian 192,170 79,650 112,515
Vietnamese 180,125 136,445 43,685
Belgian 168,910 33,670 135,240
Lebanese 165,150 103,855 61,295
Québécois 146,585 96,835 49,750
South Korean 146,550 137,790 8,755
African,
not included elsewhere
138,750 52,745 86,005
Swiss 137,775 25,180 112,600
Finnish 131,040 30,195 100,850
Pakistani 124,730 89,605 35,125
Iranian 121,510 99,225 22,280
Croatian 110,800 56,405 45,475
Sri Lankan 103,625 79,515 24,105
Haitian 102,430 80,920 21,505
Japanese 98,900 56,470 42,430
Czech 98,090 23,570 74,520
Acadian 96,145 26,370 69,775
Icelandic 88,875 9,950 78,925
Arab,
not included elsewhere
86,135 55,565 30,565
Serbian 72,690 46,035 26,650
Inuit 65,885 40,975 24,910
Yugoslav
not included elsewhere
65,305 21,095 44,200
Slovak 64,145 20,970 43,180
Mexican 61,505 26,080 35,425
Black 61,430 32,510 28,910
Guyanese 61,085 28,565 32,520
South Asian,
not included elsewhere.
60,895 48,815 12,080
Salvadorean 59,145 42,145 17,000
West Indian 58,800 25,890 32,910
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 58,415 23,215 35,200
Egyptian 54,875 33,225 21,655
Punjabi 53,520 32,065 21,455
Armenian 50,500 32,53 17,970
Afghan 48,090 41,590 6,500
Lithuanian 46,690 11,425 35,260
Moroccan 44,630 11,425 35,260
Colombian 44,100 31,145 12,960
Turk 43,695 23,355 20,340
Chilean 38,180 19,215 18,960
Somali 37,785 34,025 3,765
Maltese 37,120 13,085 24,035
Macedonian 37,055 18,515 18,540
Czechoslovakian 36,970 6,360 30,615
Scandinavian,
not included elsewhere
36,140 4,700 31,440
Slovenian 35,935 15,160 20,775
European,
not included elsewhere
35,795 17,010 18,785
Tamil 34,590 18,010 16,585
Syrian 31,375 13,315 18,055
Australian 30,635 2,975 27,660
Barbadian 30,435 11,660 18,775
Iraqi 29,955 22,055 7,900
Algerian 28,065 19,750 8,315
Latvian 27,870 7,720 20,150
Bulgarian 27,255 16,480 10,775
Peruvian 25,970 13,360 12,610
South African 25,855 5,710 20,145
Cambodian 25,245 15,905 9,335
Bangladeshi 24,600 20,915 3,680
Palestinian 23,975 14,610 9,360
Estonian 23,930 8,445 15,485
Ethiopian 23,400 18,865 4,535
Ghanaian 23,225 18,610 4,615
Latin, Central or South American,
not included elsewhere
22,470 12,580 9,895
Albanian 22,395 18,480 3,915
Bosnian 21,045 14,815 6,225
Laotian 20,110 13,745 6,365
Nigerian 19,515 13,615 5,900
Guatemalan 18,205 10,405 7,800
Taiwanese 17,705 11,950 5,750
Newfoundlander 17,025 4,760 12,265
Ecuadorian 16,485 10,350 6,135
Brazilian 15,755 4,220 11,530
Berber 14,630 9,370 5,255
Indonesian 14,320 3,225 11,095
Cuban 14,110 4,130 9,975
Argentinian 13,975 3,100 10,875
Aboriginal from Central/South America 12,870 1,485 11,380
Caribbean,
not included elsewhere
12,735 4,845 7,890
Sudanese 12,640 9,995 2,640
Fijian 12,560 6,240 6,320
Flemish 12,430 2,170 10,255
Dominican,
not otherwise specified
12,200 5,465 6,730
Grenadian 12,185 5,895 6,295
Malaysian 12,165 1,820 10,345
Bengali 12,130 9,460 2,675
West Asian,
not included elsewhere
12,080 7,570 4,505
Nicaraguan 11,150 6,460 4,690
Israeli 10,755 2,520 8,235
Byelorussian 10,505 2,620 7,885
Venezuelan 10,475 3,195 7,285
Eritrean 10,475 8,760 1,715
New Zealander 10,465 1,135 9,335
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10,140 4,715 5,425
Thai 10,015 4,210 5,810
Tunisian 9,520 6,095 3,430
Kurd 9,205 6,465 2,740
East or Southeast Asian,
not included elsewhere
8,990 7,270 1,725
Congolese (Zairian) 8,685 7,050 1,640
Assyrian 8,650 6,145 2,505
Congolese,
not otherwise specified
8,415 6,400 2,015
Jordanian 6,905 4,250 2,655
Honduran 5,845 3,330 2,515
Sinhalese 5,820 3,770 3,050
Rwandan 5,670 4,385 1,280
Slav (European) 5,475 1,915 3,560
Basque 4,975 715 4,260
Kenyan 4,955 2,315 2,635
Hispanic 4,900 2,705 2,195
Mauritian 4,860 1,590 3,270
Goan 4,815 1,465 3,350
Khmer 10,000 710 295
Tibetan 5,000 1,000 4,000
Uruguayan 3,800 1,695 2,105
Frisian 3,175 670 2,500
Maya 2,875 685 2,190
Burmese 2,840 1,070 1,770
Gujarati 2,805 1,180 1,620
St. Lucian 2,765 1,420 1,345
Gypsy (Roma) 2,590 390 2,205
Sicilian 2,465 420 2,045
Antiguan 2,435 1,025 1,405
Luxembourger 2,390 450 1,945
East African 2,270 1,000 1,270
Maghrebi, n.i.e. 2,270 1,125 1,145
Ugandan 2,125 1,115 1,005
Panamanian 2,075 1,055 1,020
Cameroonian 2,070 1,615 455
Cypriot 2,060 590 1,470
Asian, n.o.s. 2,010 960 1,045
Hawaiian 1,955 110 1,840
Burundian 1,900 1,535 360
Zairian 1,885 1,390 495
Yoruba 1,875 1,340 535
Tanzanian 1,865 830 1,030
Ashanti 1,860 1,325 540
Bermudan 1,845 205 1,640
Bolivian 1,795 865 935
Polynesian 1,745 310 1,435
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,730 730 1,000
Mongolian 1,675 545 1,130
Senegalese 1,675 1,045 630
Costa Rican 1,615 770 845
Bahamian 1,585 360 1,225
Azerbaijani 1,445 470 975
Yemeni 1,445 685 760
Singaporeans 1,390
Carib 1,330 70 1,255
Maori 1,305 135 1,170
Afrikaner 1,250 310 935
Zimbabwean 1,250 585 660
Igbo 1,200 850 355
Kosovar 1,200 960 245
Libyan 1,180 795 390
Nepali 1,170 770 405
Ivoirean 1,120 655 465
Guinean, n.o.s. 1,120 710 415
Angolan 1,110 615 490
Saudi Arabian 1,080 660 420
Montenegrin 1,055 230 820
Puerto Rican 1,045 130 915
Pashtun 1,040 540 500
Oromo 1,030 710 320
"Texan" 1,000 700 300
Seychellois 980 605 370
Georgian 970 385 580
Tatar 875 370 505
Kuwaiti 855 585 275
Malian 815 480 340
Malagasy 780 415 365
Paraguayan 760 125 640
Togolese 755 480 275
Akan 750 505 240
Belizean 725 225 500
Martinique 605 140 460
Hmong 595 455 140
Sierra Leonean 565 350 220
Kashmiri 480 210 275
Pacific Islander, n.i.e. 390 125 265
Cornish (see Cornish people) 365 N/A 1,550
Manx (see Manx people) 350 N/A N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source: "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-01-16.  Additional data: "2006 Census release topics". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  2. ^ "Population and growth components (1851-2001 Censuses)". Statistics Canada. 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population by selected ethnic origins, by province and territory (2006 Census)". statcan.gc.ca. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  4. ^ All citizens of Canada are classified as "Canadians" as defined by Canada's nationality laws. However, since 1996 "Canadian" as an ethnic group has been added to census questionnaires for possible ancestry. The majority of respondents to this selection are from the eastern part of the country that was first settled. Respondents generally are visibly European (Anglophones and Francophones), however no-longer self identify with their ethnic ancestral origins. This response is attributed to a multitude and/or generational distance from ancestral lineage. Source 1: Jack Jedwab (April 2008). "Our ‘Cense’ of Self: the 2006 Census saw 1.6 million ‘Canadian’" (PDF). Association for Canadian Studies. Retrieved 2011-03-07.  Source 2: Don Kerr (April 2007). The Changing Face of Canada: Essential Readings in Population. Canadian Scholars' Press. pp. 313–317. ISBN 978-1-55130-322-2. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  5. ^ The category "North American Indian" includes respondents who indicated that their ethnic origins were from a Canadian First Nation, or another, non-Canadian aboriginal group (excluding Inuit and Métis) Source: "How Statistics Canada Identifies Aboriginal Peoples". 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]