Ethnic groups of Japan

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Though it is said that Ethnic Japanese make up 98.5% of the total population and that the rest are Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%,[1] in fact these numbers are not known. The Ministry of Justice in Japan conflates nationality with ethnicity, and they have no official data on the actual ethnic breakdown of people in Japan.[2]

Overview[edit]

Citizenship of foreigners in Japan in 2000 by.
Source: Japan Statistics Bureau[3]

About 1.6% of Japan's total legal resident population are foreign citizens. Of these, according to 2012 data from the Japanese government, the principal groups are as follows.[4][5]

Nationality Number Percentage Of Population
 China 653,004 32.0% 0.50%
South KoreaNorth Korea Korea (South Korea/Chōsen) 530,421 26.0% 0.42%
 Philippines 203,027 10.0% 0.16%
 Brazil 193,571 9.5% 0.15%
 Vietnam 52,385 2.6% 0.04%
 Peru 49,483 2.4% 0.04%
 United States 48,371 2.4% 0.04%
 Thailand 40,146 2.0% 0.03%
 Indonesia 25,543 1.3% 0.02%
   Nepal 24,073 1.2% 0.02%
 Taiwan 22,779 1.1% 0.02%
Others 195,356 9.6% 0.15%
Total (as of 2012) 2,038,159 100% 1.6%

The above statistics do not include the approximately 30,000 U.S. military stationed in Japan, nor do they account for illegal immigrants. The statistics also do not take into account minority groups who are Japanese citizens such as the Ainu (an aboriginal people primarily living in Hokkaido), the Ryukyuans (who may or may not be considered ethnically Yamato people), naturalized citizens from backgrounds including but not limited to Korean and Chinese, and citizen descendants of immigrants. The total legal resident population of 2012 is estimated at 127.6 million.

Filipinos[edit]

Main article: Filipinos in Japan

The Filipinos in Japan formed a population of 202,592 individuals at year-end 2007, making them Japan's third-largest foreign community along with Brazilians, according to the statistics of the Ministry of Justice. In 2006, Japanese/Filipino marriages were the most frequent of all international marriages in Japan.[6] As of March 12, 2011, the Filipino population of Japan was 305,972.[7]

Koreans[edit]

Main article: Koreans in Japan

The Koreans in Japan are one of the largest ethnic minorities in the country. Most of them arrived in the early 20th century.

As of 2010, there are 565,989 Koreans in Japan who are not Japanese citizens.[8]

Ryukyuan[edit]

Main article: Ryukyuan people

Orok[edit]

Main article: Orok people

Nivkh[edit]

Main article: Nivkh people

Chinese[edit]

Main article: Chinese in Japan

The Chinese people in Japan are the second largest ethnic minority in Japan. They comprise 0.4% of Japan's population. Chinese people are mostly concentrated in Osaka, Tokyo, and Yokohama areas.

Ainu[edit]

Main article: Ainu people

Ainu is an aboriginal ethnic Japanese tribe that make up a portion of the Japanese demography

Brazilians[edit]

Main article: Brazilians in Japan

There is a significant community of Brazilians in Japan, which is home to the second largest Brazilian community outside of Brazil. They also constitute the largest number of Portuguese speakers in Asia, even greater than those of formerly Portuguese East Timor, Macao and Goa combined. Likewise, Brazil maintains its status as home to the largest Japanese community outside of Japan.

Peruvians[edit]

Main article: Peruvians in Japan

Americans[edit]

Main article: Americans in Japan

Bangladeshis[edit]

Main article: Bangladeshis in Japan

Burmese[edit]

Indians[edit]

Main article: Indians in Japan

Indonesians[edit]

Main article: Indonesians in Japan

Iranians[edit]

Main article: Iranians in Japan

Kurds[edit]

Main article: Kurds in Japan

Mongolians[edit]

Main article: Mongolians in Japan

Nepalis[edit]

Main article: Nepalis in Japan

Pakistanis[edit]

Main article: Pakistanis in Japan

Vietnamese[edit]

Britons[edit]

Main article: Britons in Japan

French[edit]

Irish[edit]

Main article: Irish people in Japan

Colombians[edit]

Main article: Colombians in Japan

Russians[edit]

Main article: Russians in Japan

Turks[edit]

Main article: Turks in Japan

Nigerians[edit]

Main article: Nigerians in Japan

Jews[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East & Southeast Asia :: JAPAN". CIA The World Factbook. 
  2. ^ Arudou, Debito (5 October 2010). "Census blind to Japan's true diversity". The Japan Times. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Japan Statistics Bureau Archived December 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., accessed December 8, 2007
  4. ^ (Japanese) [1] 平成24年末現在における外国人登録者統計について.
  5. ^ "Disturbing trend: Japanese protesters use Nazism to attack Chinese, Koreans". AJW by The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "THIS FOREIGN LAND Inevitably, newcomers play growing role". Japan: Japan Times. January 2008. 
  7. ^ "Embassy taps help of Pinoy groups in Japan". Japan: ABS-CBN News. March 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ Statics at the Immigration Bureau of Japan (2010). Retrieved on 11 June 2012