Demographics of Saudi Arabia

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Demographics of Saudi Arabia
Population +33,335,000 (2016Jan)
Growth rate 1.49% (2014)
Birth rate 18.78 births/1,000 population (2014)
Death rate 3.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014)
Life expectancy 74.92 years .[citation needed]
 • male 76.89 years
 • female 78.94 years (2014)
Fertility rate 2.17 children born/woman (2014)
Infant mortality rate 14.58 deaths/1,000
Age structure
0–14 years 27.6%
65 and over 4.2%
Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years 1.22 male(s)/female
65 and over 1.08 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationality noun: Saudi(s) adjective: Saudi
Major ethnic Saudis
Language
Spoken Arabic

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saudi Arabia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Saudi Arabia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Saudi Arabia's population as of July 2017 is steadily increasing. the census shows that 27,136,977: 22,707,576 Saudi nationals and 8,429,401 non-nationals.[1] About 51% of the population is under the age of 25 (as of Feb 2012).[2] Until the 1960s, most of the population was nomadic or seminomadic; due to rapid economic and urban growth, more than 95% of the population is now settled. 80% of Saudis live in ten major urban centers—Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Hofuf, Ta'if, Khobar, Yanbu, Dhahran, Dammam. [3] Some cities and oases have densities of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer (2,600/mile²). Saudi Arabia's population is characterized by rapid growth and a large cohort of youths.

Saudi Arabia hosts one of the pillars of Islam, which obliges all Muslims to make the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once during their lifetime if they are able to do so. The cultural environment in Saudi Arabia is highly conservative; the country adheres to a strict interpretation of Islamic religious law (Sharia). Cultural presentations must conform to narrowly defined standards of ethics. Men and women are not permitted to attend public events together and are segregated in the work place.

Most Saudis are ethnically Arabs, the majority of whom are tribal Bedouins. According to a random survey, most would-be Saudis come from the Subcontinent and Arab countries.[4] Many Arabs from nearby countries are employed in the kingdom, particularly Egypt,[5] as the Egyptian community developed from the 1950s onwards.[6] There also are significant numbers of Asian expatriates, mostly from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines, and recently refugees from Syria and Yemen. In the 1970s and 1980s, there was also a significant community of South Korean migrant labourers, numbering in the hundreds of thousands, but most have since returned home; the South Korean government's statistics showed only 1,200 of their nationals living in the kingdom as of 2005.[7][8] There are more than 100,000 Westerners in Saudi Arabia, most of whom live in private compounds in the major cities such as Riyadh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Dhahran. The government prohibits non-Muslims from entering the cities of Mecca and Medinah.In 2017 Saudi Arabia gave citizenship to a robot called Sophia.

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[9][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950–1955 158 000 81 000 78 000 47.9 24.3 23.5 7.18 204.3
1955–1960 180 000 83 000 98 000 47.6 21.9 25.7 7.18 183.1
1960–1965 210 000 86 000 124 000 47.6 19.6 28.1 7.26 162.6
1965–1970 248 000 88 000 159 000 46.9 16.7 30.2 7.26 139.2
1970–1975 304 000 88 000 216 000 46.4 13.4 33.0 7.30 106.6
1975–1980 378 000 86 000 292 000 44.1 10.0 34.1 7.28 78.2
1980–1985 491 000 86 000 405 000 42.7 7.5 35.2 7.02 57.0
1985–1990 562 000 86 000 476 000 38.3 5.8 32.4 6.22 42.3
1990–1995 579 000 85 000 495 000 33.5 4.9 28.6 5.45 30.2
1995–2000 573 000 87 000 486 000 29.7 4.5 25.2 4.51 22.2
2000–2005 545 000 91 000 454 000 24.7 4.1 20.6 3.54 19.4
2005–2010 569 000 98 000 470 000 22.1 3.8 18.3 3.03 18.5
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Births and deaths[10]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 23.7 3.9 3.04
2010 27 136 977 23.3 3.9 2.98
2011 22.9 3.9 2.93
2012 22.5 3.8 2.87
2013 22.0 3.9 2.81
2014 21.5 3.5 2.75
2016 447 040 58 097 388 943 14.4 1.8 12.6

Population pyramid[11][edit]

Population statistics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1950 3,121,000 —    
1960 4,041,000 +29.5%
1970 5,772,000 +42.8%
1980 9,801,000 +69.8%
1990 16,139,000 +64.7%
2000 20,045,000 +24.2%
2010 27,448,000 +36.9%
2015 31,540,000 +14.9%
Source:[12]
Saudi Arabia population density in 2010 (people per km2)

The following data is from Saudi Arabia's Census of 2007.[13]

Young population[edit]

Estimates of the young population of Saudi Arabia vary. Carlye Murphy gives the figure of 51% of the population being younger than the age of 25 (as of February 2012).[2] The Economist magazine estimates 60% of the Saudi population younger than the age of 21 (dated March 3, 2012).[14]

Age structure[edit]

0–14 years: 32.4%

15–64 years: 64.8%

65 years and over: 2.8%

Total Population 23,980,834 (2007 Census Population)

Median age[edit]

total: 25.4 years

male: 26.4 years

female: 23.9 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

1.536% (2011 est)

Total fertility rate[edit]

2.26 children born/woman. (2012 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.33 male(s)/female
55–64 years: 1.2 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
total population: 1.3 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Average life span[edit]

Total: 75.29 years.

Men: 73.51 years.

Women: 77.16 years (2011 est.) [15]

Urbanization[edit]

85% of total population (2011)

Nationality[edit]

noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of Saudi citizens is 90% Arab and 10% Afro-Asian.[16]

Ethnic groups in Saudi Arabia[16]
Ethnic groups
Arab
90%
Afro-Asian
10%

Foreigners[edit]

Saudi Arabia's Central Department of Statistics & Information estimated the foreign population at the end of 2014 at 33% (10.1 million).[17] The CIA Factbook estimated that as of 2013 foreign nationals living in Saudi Arabia made up about 21% of the population.[18] Other sources report differing estimates.[19]

People from other immigration jurisdictions[edit]

Nationality Residents
India 2,450,000
Syria 500,000-2,500,000[20][21]
Pakistan 1,500,000
Philippines 1,500,000
Bangladesh 1,300,000
Yemen >1,000,000[22][23]
Egypt 900,000
Indonesia 850,000
Myanmar ~400,000 (Rohingya)[24]
Sri Lanka 350,000
Nepal 315,000
Lebanon 300,000
Jordan/Palestine 260,000
Sudan 250,000
Turkey 200,000
Somalia 65,000[25]

There are around 100,000 Westerners in Saudi Arabia, most of whom live in compounds or gated communities.

There are around five million illegal immigrants in Saudi Arabia from mostly Africa and Asia. They're planned to be deported in a next few years.[26][27]

Religion[edit]

Religions of Saudi Arabia (2012 )[16]
Religions percent
Sunni Islam
85%
Shia Islam
15%

The government does not conduct census on religion, but estimates put the percentage of the majority Sunnis at 85–90% while Shiites, who comprise the largest Muslim minority, at 10–15% of the population.[28] Shiites (Twelvers) are primarily concentrated in the Eastern Province, where they constitute over two-third of the population. Other smaller communities (Ismailis and Zaidis) reside in the south, with Ismailis constituting around half of the population of the province of Nejran, and a small percentage of the Holy Islamic cities of Mecca and Medina. There is also a Christian population of uncertain size. According to Gallup atheists account for 5% of the population with a total non-religious population of 19%.[29][30][31]

Languages[edit]

The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic. Saudi Sign Language is the principal language of the deaf community. The large expatriate communities also speak their own languages, the most numerous of which are Indonesian (850,000), Filipino/Tagalog (700,000), Malayalam (447,000), Rohingya (400,000), Urdu (380,000), and Egyptian Arabic (300,000).[32][33][34][better source needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Saudi Gazette: Nov. 24, 2010 – Census shows Kingdom's population at more than 27 million" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b Murphy, Caryle. "Saudi Arabia's Youth and the Kingdom's Future". February 7, 2012. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars' Environmental Change and Security Program. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  3. ^ House, Karen Elliott (2012). On Saudi Arabia : Its People, past, Religion, Fault Lines and Future. Knopf. p. 69. 
  4. ^ Siraj Wahab (30 July 2009). "It's another kind of Saudization". Arab News. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Tsourapas, Gerasimos (2015-11-10). "Why Do States Develop Multi-tier Emigrant Policies? Evidence from Egypt". Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 41 (13): 2192–2214. doi:10.1080/1369183X.2015.1049940. ISSN 1369-183X. 
  6. ^ Tsourapas, Gerasimos (2016-07-02). "Nasser's Educators and Agitators across al-Watan al-'Arabi: Tracing the Foreign Policy Importance of Egyptian Regional Migration, 1952-1967". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 43 (3): 324–341. doi:10.1080/13530194.2015.1102708. ISSN 1353-0194. 
  7. ^ Seok, Hyunho (1991). "Korean migrant workers to the Middle East". In Gunatilleke, Godfrey (ed.). Migration to the Arab World: Experience of Returning Migrants. United Nations University Press. pp. 56–103. ISBN 9280807455. 
  8. ^ "President Roh Moo-hyun's Official Visit to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". Cheongwadae (Office of the President), Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-07-08. Retrieved 2007-04-23. 
  9. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision Archived May 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  12. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  13. ^ http://www.cdsi.gov.sa Archived 2013-05-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "Out of the comfort zone". The Economist. March 3, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Saudi Arabia - Life expectancy at birth 2016 - countryeconomy.com". countryeconomy.com. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c "Middle East :: SAUDI ARABIA". CIA The World Factbook. 
  17. ^ "KSA population is 30.8m; 33% expats". ArabNews.com. Retrieved 2015-11-06. 
  18. ^ "Saudi Arabia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 
  19. ^ جريدة الرياض. "جريدة الرياض : سكان المملكة 27 مليوناً بينهم 8 ملايين مقيم". Alriyadh.com. 
  20. ^ Doanvo, Anhvinh (23 September 2015). "Western Media's Miscount of Saudi Arabia's Syrian Refugees". Huffington Post. 
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ http://www.arabnews.com/saudi-arabia/news/843191
  23. ^ http://english.aawsat.com/2016/09/article55358626/saudi-arabia-receives-4-million-syrian-yemeni-refugees
  24. ^ "Saudi Arabia entry at Ethnologue". Ethnologue. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  25. ^ "Dubai's Somali diaspora hope for change". CCTV. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  26. ^ https://sputniknews.com/middleeast/201703121051505952-saudi-migrants-deportation/
  27. ^ http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/gulf/2017/03/07/Saudi-Shoura-Council-considers-deporting-5-mln-illegal-migrants.html
  28. ^ "CNN arabic.com". CNN. 
  29. ^ "Global Index of Religiosity and Atheism" (PDF). Gallup. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  30. ^ "A surprising map of where the world's atheists live". Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  31. ^ "Atheism explodes in Saudi Arabia, despite state-enforced ban". Salon. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  32. ^ "Migrant Communities in Saudi Arabia", Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia, Human Rights Watch, 2004 [permanent dead link]
  33. ^ Saudi Arabia. Ethnologue
  34. ^ Kerala Gulf diaspora

External links[edit]