Ethyl chloroformate

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Ethyl chloroformate[1]
Skeletal formula of ethyl chloroformate
Ball-and-stick model of the ethyl chloroformate molecule
IUPAC name
chloroformic acid ethyl ester
Other names
Cathyl chloride; Ethyl chlorocarbonate
541-41-3 YesY
ChemSpider 10465 YesY
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 10928
Molar mass 108.52 g/mol
Appearance Clear liquid
Density 1.1403 g/cm3
Boiling point 95 °C (203 °F; 368 K)
Main hazards Corrosive
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g., VX gas Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 61 °C (142 °F; 334 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Ethyl chloroformate is the ethyl ester of chloroformic acid. It is a reagent used in organic synthesis for the introduction of the ethyl carbamate protecting group[2] and for the formation of carboxylic anhydrides.


  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 3742.
  2. ^ Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, Third Edition, Theodora W. Greene and Peter G. M. Wuts, pages 504-506, ISBN 0-471-16019-9