3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||155.966 g·mol−1|
|Density||1.940 g mL−1|
|Melting point||−111.10 °C; −167.98 °F; 162.05 K|
|Boiling point||71.5 to 73.3 °C; 160.6 to 163.8 °F; 344.6 to 346.4 K|
|4 g L−1 (at 20 °C)|
|Solubility in ethanol||Miscible|
|Solubility in diethyl ether||Miscible|
|Vapor pressure||17.7 kPa|
|1.8 μmol Pa−1 kg−1|
Refractive index (nD)
|Viscosity||5.925 mPa s (at 20 °C)|
Heat capacity (C)
|109.7 J K−1 mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|−39.9–−38.3 kJ mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|−1.4629–−1.4621 MJ mol−1|
|GHS Signal word||Danger|
|H302, H315, H317, H319, H334, H335|
|P261, P280, P305+351+338, P342+311|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Flash point||72 °C (162 °F; 345 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (median dose)
|330 g m−3 (oral, rat)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Ethyl iodide (also iodoethane) is a colorless flammable chemical compound. It has the chemical formula C2H5I and is prepared by heating ethanol with iodine and phosphorus. On contact with air, especially on the effect of light, it decomposes and turns yellow or reddish from dissolved iodine.
It may also be prepared by reaction between hydroiodic acid and ethanol distilling off the ethyl iodide. Ethyl iodide should be stored in the presence of copper powder to avoid rapid decomposition, though even with this method samples do not last more than 1 year.
Because iodide is a good leaving group, ethyl iodide is an excellent ethylating agent. It is also used as the hydrogen radical promoter.
Ethyl iodide is prepared by using red phosphorus, absolute ethanol and iodine ; the phosphorus and iodine dissolve in the ethanol, where they form phosphorus triiodide, which must be formed in situ because it is unstable. During the process the temperature is controlled.
- C2H5OH + PI3 → 3 C2H5I + H3PO3
The crude product is purified by distillation.
- "iodoethane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, 9th ed., monograph 3753
- Csámpai, A; Láng, E; Majer, Zs; Orosz, Gy; Rábai, J; Ruff, F; Schlosser, G; Szabó, D; Vass, E (2012). Szerves Kémiai Praktikum. Eötvös kiadó. p. 274. ISBN 978-963-312-129-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)