Ethyl lactate; Lactic acid ethyl ester; 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid ethyl ester; Actylol; Acytol
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||118.132 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||Clear to slightly yellow liquid|
|Melting point||−26 °C (−15 °F; 247 K)|
|Boiling point||151 to 155 °C (304 to 311 °F; 424 to 428 K)|
|Solubility in ethanol
and most alcohols
Chiral rotation ([α]D)
|3.46 D |
|Main hazards||Irritant (Xi)|
|R-phrases (outdated)||R10 R37 R41|
|S-phrases (outdated)||(S2) S24 S26 S39|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Flash point||46 °C (115 °F; 319 K)|
|Lactic acid, Methyl lactate|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is the organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)CO2CH2CH3. It is the ethyl ester of lactic acid. A colorless liquid, it is a chiral ester. Being naturally derived, it is readily available as a single enantiomer. It is commonly used as a solvent. This compound is considered biodegradable and can be used as a water-rinsible degreaser. Ethyl lactate is found naturally in small quantities in a wide variety of foods including wine, chicken, and various fruits. The odor of ethyl lactate when dilute is mild, buttery, creamy, with hints of fruit and coconut.
Ethyl lactate is produced from biological sources, and can be either the levo (S) form or dextro (R) form, depending on the organism that is the source of the lactic acid. Most biologically sourced ethyl lactate is ethyl (−)-L-lactate (ethyl (S)-lactate). Ethyl lactate is also produced industrially from petrochemical stocks, and this ethyl lactate consists of the racemic mixture of levo and dextro forms.
Because both enantiomers are found in nature, and because ethyl lactate is easily biodegradable, it is considered to be a "green solvent." Ethyl lactate and its aqueous solutions are used as sustainable media for organic synthesis. Due to its relatively low toxicity, ethyl lactate is used commonly in pharmaceutical preparations, food additives, and fragrances. Ethyl lactate is also used as solvent for nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, and cellulose ethers.
- Jacqueline S. Bennett; Kaitlyn L. Charles; Matthew R. Miner; Caitlin F. Heuberger; Elijah J. Spina; Michael F. Bartels; Taylor Foreman (2009). "Ethyl lactate as a tunable solvent for the synthesis of aryl aldimines". Green Chem. 11 (2): 166–168. doi:10.1039/b817379f.
- Aparicio, Santiago; Alcalde, Rafael (2009). "The green solvent ethyl lactate: an experimental and theoretical characterization". Green Chemistry. 11 (1): 65–78. doi:10.1039/b811909k.
- Stoye, Dieter (2000). "Solvents". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a24_437.
- Pereira, Carla S. M.; Silva, Viviana M. T. M.; Rodrigues, Alírio E. (2011). "Ethyl lactate as a solvent: Properties, applications and production processes – a review". Green Chemistry. 13 (10): 2658. doi:10.1039/C1GC15523G.
- Dolzhenko, Anton V. (2020). "Ethyl lactate and its aqueous solutions as sustainable media for organic synthesis". Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 18: 100322. doi:10.1016/j.scp.2020.100322.
-  U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Archived 7 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Industrial Solvents Handbook" by Ernest W. Flick. 5th Edition. William Andrew Inc., 1998. ISBN 0-8155-1413-1, ISBN 978-0-8155-1413-8