Nitric acid ethyl ester
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||91.07 g/mol|
|Melting point||−102 °C (−152 °F; 171 K)|
|Boiling point||87.5 °C (189.5 °F; 360.6 K)|
|Flash point||−37 °C; −34 °F; 236 K|
Related Alkyl nitrates
Ethylene glycol dinitrate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Ethyl nitrate is the ethyl ester of nitric acid and has the chemical formula C2H5NO3. It is a colourless, volatile, highly flammable liquid. It is used in organic synthesis and as an intermediate in the preparation of some drugs, dyes, and perfumes.
Ethyl nitrate is found in the atmosphere, where it can react with other gases to form smog. Originally thought to be a pollutant, formed mainly by the combustion of fossil fuels, recent analysis of ocean water samples reveal that in places where cool water rises from the deep, the water is saturated with alkyl nitrates, likely formed by natural processes.
Ethyl nitrate can be prepared by nitrating ethanol with fuming nitric acid or a mixture of concentrated sulfuric and nitric acids. Further purifying by distillation carries a risk of explosion.
- S. Perkins (August 12, 2002). "Ocean yields gases that had seemed humanmade". Science News.
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- Explosives, 6th Edition, R. Meyer, J. Kohler, A. Homburg; page 125