Ethyl nitrite

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Ethyl nitrite
Ethyl-nitrite-2D-skeletal.png
Ethyl nitrite 3d structure.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Ethyl nitrite
Other names
1-Nitrosooxyethane
Ethyl alcohol nitrite
Nitrous acid
Ethyl ester
Nitrethyl
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.385
Properties
C2H5NO2
Molar mass 75.07 g·mol−1
Boiling point 17 °C (63 °F; 290 K)
Hazards
Main hazards [1]
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propaneHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 4: Readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures. E.g., nitroglycerinSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
4
2
4
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol.[2]

Preparation of ethyl nitrite.png

Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre since 1980.[3] Its use has been associated with fatal methemoglobinemia.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NFPA 704 Ratings for Common Chemicals". 
  2. ^ Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1943). "Dimethylglyoxime". Organic Syntheses. ; Collective Volume, 2, p. 204 
  3. ^ "Rulemaking History for OTC Sweet Spirits of Nitre Drug Products". fda.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  4. ^ "ETHYL NITRITE - National Library of Medicine HSDB Database". toxnet.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-18. 

External links[edit]