Ethyl pentanoate

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Ethyl pentanoate[1]
Ethyl valerate.svg
Preferred IUPAC name
Ethyl pentanoate
Other names
Ethyl valerate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.934
Molar mass 130.18 g/mol
Density 0.877 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Melting point −91 °C (−132 °F; 182 K)
Boiling point 145 to 146 °C (293 to 295 °F; 418 to 419 K)
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasolineHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity (yellow): no hazard codeSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Ethyl pentanoate, also commonly known as ethyl valerate, is an organic compound used in flavors. It is an ester with the molecular formula C7H14O2. This colorless liquid is poorly soluble in water but miscible with organic solvents.

As is the case with most volatile esters, it has a pleasant aroma and taste. It is used as a food additive to impart a fruity flavor, particularly of apple.


  1. ^ Merck Index, 12th Edition, 10042