Ethyl propionate

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Ethyl propionate
Skeletal formula of Ethyl Propionate
Preferred IUPAC name
Ethyl propanoate
Other names
Ethyl propionate, n-Ethyl propanoate, Propanoic acid ethyl ester
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.993
EC Number 203-291-4
RTECS number UF3675000
UN number N119
Molar mass 102.1317 g/mol
Appearance Colourless Liquid
Density 0.884325 g/cm3
Melting point −73.6 °C (−100.5 °F; 199.6 K)
Boiling point 98.9 °C (210.0 °F; 372.0 K)
-66.5·10−6 cm3/mol
Safety data sheet [1]
R-phrases (outdated) R10, R18, R36/37/38
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuelHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 12 °C (54 °F; 285 K)
440 °C (824 °F; 713 K)
Explosive limits 1.9-11 %
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Ethyl propionate is a compound with formula C2H5(C2H5COO). It is the ethyl ester of propionic acid. It has a pineapple-like odor.[2] Some fruits like kiwis[3] and strawberries[4] naturally contain ethyl propionate in small amounts.

It is also used in the production of some antimalarial drugs including pyrimethamine[citation needed].


  1. ^ "Material Safety Data Sheet : Ethyl propionate" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  2. ^ "Ethyl Propionate | Cameo Chemicals | Noaa". Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  3. ^ Bartley, J. P.; Schwede, A. M. (1989). "Production of volatile compounds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis)". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 37 (4): 1023. doi:10.1021/jf00088a046.
  4. ^ Perez, A. G.; Rios, J. J.; Sanz, C.; Olias, J. M. (1992). "Aroma components and free amino acids in strawberry variety Chandler during ripening". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 40 (11): 2232. doi:10.1021/jf00023a036.

See also[edit]