Fallot attended medical school in Montpellier in 1867. While in residence in Marseille he wrote a thesis on pneumothorax. In 1888 he was made Professor of Hygiene and Legal Medicine in Marseille. In 1888 Fallot described in detail the four anatomical characteristics of tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect responsible for blue baby syndrome.
- Whitworth, Judith A.; Firkin, Barry G. (1996). Dictionary of medical eponyms. New York: Parthenon Pub. ISBN 1-85070-333-7.
- “Tetralogy of Fallot” and Étienne-Louis Arthur Fallot W.N. Evans - Pediatric cardiology, 2008 "Abstract The eponym “tetralogy of Fallot” did not become a common noun in pediatric cardiology vocabulary for several decades after Étienne-Louis Arthur Fallot's report in a French medical journal. There were others before Fallot who described the abnormal .."
- The Heart of a Child: What Families Need to Know Catherine A. Neill, Edward B. Clark, Carleen Clark - 2003 "Tetralogy of Fallot (named for the nineteenth-century French cardiologist Arthur Fallot) is the most usual cause of cardiac cyanosis, occurring in about three of every ten thousand children born."
- The Developing Heart: A 'History' of Pediatric Cardiology p37 Catherine A. Neill, Edward B. Clark - 1995 "Figure 5- Arthur Fallot (1850-1911) of Marseilles."
- Pediatric Cardiology: Introduction Hung-Chi Lue "Since the era of Arthur Fallot (1850~1911) of Marseilles and Maude E. Abbot (1869~1940) of Montreal, 100 years have passed."
- Arthur Fallot
- synd/2281 at Who Named It?
- E. L. A. Fallot. Contribution à l’anatomie pathologique de la maladie bleue (cyanose cardiaque). Marseille médical, 1888, 25: 77-93, 138-158, 207-223, 341-354, 370-386, 403-420.