Amomum maingayi, Hornstedtia maingayi, Nicolaia maingayi, and Phaeomeria maingayi
Etlingera maingayi (also known as Malay rose) is a species of herbaceous perennial plant of the Zingiberaceae family. This species occurs in southern Thailand, where its flowers are eaten as vegetables, and Malaysia.
E. maingayi grows to less than 2 m (6 ft 7 in) high. Its leaves are variable, with undulating fringes, and emit a sour scent when crushed. Young leaves are translucent and reddish on both sides.
Leaves of E. maingayi displayed ferrous ion chelating ability and lipid peroxidation inhibition activity that were much higher than young leaves of Camellia sinensis. Leaves of E. maingayi had the highest yield of oil (1320 mg/100 g) consisting mainly of lauric acid (45%) and decanoic acid (43%). The unpleasant sour scent of leaves when crushed may be due to these two acids.
- "Etlingera maingayi". toptropicals.com. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "Thai Zingiberaceae: Species diversity and their uses". International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Lim, C.K. (2000). “Taxonomic notes on Etlingera Giseke (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia: the Nicolaia taxa”. Folia Malaysiana 1: 1–12.
- Chan, E.W.C., Lim, Y.Y., Omar, M. (2007). “Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of leaves of Etlingera species (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia”. Food Chemistry 104 (4): 1586–1593.