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Temporal range: 48–0 Ma[1]
Middle Eocene to Present
Etmopterus spinax 01.JPG
Velvet belly lanternshark (Etmopterus spinax)
Green lanternshark nmfs1.jpg
Green lanternshark (Etmopterus virens)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Etmopteridae
Genus: Etmopterus
Rafinesque, 1810
Type species
Etmopterus aculeatus
Rafinesque, 1810

Etmopterus is a genus of lantern sharks in the squaliform family Etmopteridae. They are found in deep sea ecosystems of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.[2]


A number of species in this genus function as host to the specialized parasitic barnacle Anelasma squalicola, which embeds itself into the skin of the shark and extracts nutrients from its bloodstream.[3]


There are currently 41 recognized species in this genus:

Extinct species[edit]

There are at least two extinct species found in Etmopterus.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Adnet, S. & Cappetta, H. (2001): A palaeontological and phylogenetical analysis of squaliform sharks (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes) based on dental characters. Lethaia, 34 (3): 234–248.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). Species of Etmopterus in FishBase. June 2017 version.
  3. ^ Yano, K. & Musick, J.A. (2000): The effect of the mesoparasitic barnacle Anelasma on the development of reproductive organs of deep-sea squaloid sharks, Centroscyllium and Etmopterus. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 59 (3): 329–339.
  4. ^ Ebert, D.A., Straube, N., Leslie, R.W. & Weigmann, S. (2016): Etmopterus alphus n. sp.: a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the south-western Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science, 38 (3): 329-340.
  5. ^ N. Bailly (2008). Bailly N (ed.). "Etmopterus baxteri Garrick, 1957". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  6. ^ Vásquez, V.E., Ebert, D.A. & Long, D.J. (2015): Etmopterus benchleyi n. sp., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the central eastern Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 17: 43–55.
  7. ^ Schaaf-Da Silva, J.A. & Ebert, D.A. (2006). "Etmopterus burgessi sp. nov., a new species of lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Taiwan". Zootaxa. 1373: 53–64. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.1373.1.3.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Straube, N., Leslie, R.W., Clerkin, P.J., Ebert, D.A., Rochel, E., Corrigan, S., Li, C. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2015): On the occurrence of the Southern Lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus, off South Africa, with comments on the validity of E. compagnoi. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 115: 11-17.
  9. ^ Knuckey, J.D.S., Ebert, D.A. & Burgess, G.H. (2011): Etmopterus joungi n. sp., a new species of lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Taiwan. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 17 (2): 61-72.
  10. ^ Ebert, D.A., Papastamatiou, Y.P., Kajiura, S.M. & Wetherbee, B.M. (2017): Etmopterus lailae sp. nov., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Zootaxa, 4237 (2): 371–382.
  11. ^ Ebert, David A.; Van Hees, Kelley E. (2018). "Etmopterus marshae sp. nov, a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the Philippine Islands, with a revised key to the Etmopterus lucifer clade". Zootaxa. 4508 (2): 197–210. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4808.2.3 (inactive 2019-08-20). PMID 30485973.
  12. ^ White, W.T., Ebert, D.A., Mana, R.R. & Corrigan, S. (2017): Etmopterus samadiae n. sp., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa, 4244 (3): 339–354.
  13. ^ Ebert, D.A., Compagno, L.J.V. & De Vries, M.J. (2011): A New Lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae: Etmopterus) from Southern Africa. Copeia, 2011 (3): 379-384.
  14. ^ Straube, N., White, W.T., Ho, H.-C., Rochel, E., Corrigan, S., Li, C. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2013): A DNA sequence-based identification checklist for Taiwanese chondrichthyans. Zootaxa, 3752 (1): 256–278.
  15. ^ Straube, N., Duhamel, G., Gasco, N., Kriwet, J. & Schliewen, U.K. (2011). "Description of a new deep-sea Lantern Shark Etmopterus viator sp. nov. (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the Southern Hemisphere. In: Duhamel, G. & Welsford, D. (Eds.), The Kerguelen Plateau: Marine Ecosystem and Fisheries.". Société Française d'Ichtyologie: 137–150.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  16. ^ "List of species/Extinct - complete". Retrieved September 25, 2017.