Eton v Harrow
The Eton v Harrow cricket match is an annual match between Eton College and Harrow School. It is one of the longest-running annual sporting fixtures in the world and the only annual school cricket match still to be played at Lord's.
Cricket was being played by teams at English public schools by the time of the English Commonwealth. Horace Walpole entered Eton in 1726, and later wrote that playing cricket was a common occurrence at the school. Westminster School played matches against Eton at Tothill Fields in the 1790s. By the early 19th century, cricket was well established in English public and grammar schools.
There is some evidence for earlier matches between Eton and Harrow School, but teams from the schools definitely played a cricket match at Lord's Old Ground in 1805, probably organised by the boys. They moved to Lord's Cricket Ground for a rematch in 1818, and played again in 1822. From 1822, the match has been an annual event, with gaps in 1829–1831, 1856 and during the World Wars.
A triangular tournament at Lord's involving Winchester – Public Schools Week – ran until 1854, and was emulated by other matches involving other public schools – Charterhouse, Rugby, Westminster and Winchester. The schools were early adopters of cricket caps: Eton (light blue) and Winchester (blue) in 1851, and Harrow (striped) in 1852, followed by Cambridge (1861) and Oxford (1863).
The first Eton-Harrow match in 1805 preceded by one year the first Gentlemen v Players in 1806. Charles Wordsworth, nephew of William Wordsworth, played for Harrow in the four matches in 1822 to 1825, and arranged the first University Match at Lord's in 1827, two years before the first Boat Race. Many Eton and Harrow players went on to win blues at Oxford and Cambridge. Eton v Harrow was joined by the University Match and Gentlemen v Players as the three key features in the England cricket season.
In its heyday, in the late 19th century and early 20th century, "the School's day" was one of the highlights of the London "season", alongside Henley Royal Regatta and Royal Ascot. The number of spectators necessitated the first introduction of viewing stands and a boundary rope at Lord's in 1866. The game made national newspaper headlines, and was attended by schoolboys large and small, their elder brothers and fathers, accompanied by their ladies and other members of London society. The match in 1914 was attended by over 38,000 people during its two days. Even in 2008, the match attracted a larger crowd than any of Middlesex's first-class matches.
The influence of the Eton v Harrow match waned as the dominance of amateurs in cricket was replaced by increasing professionalism, noticeably after the First World War and to an even greater extent after the Second.
It was not just Eton and Harrow that played at Lord's. There was a group of ten schools called 'The Lord's Schools' which had fixtures each season. These were Eton College, Harrow School, Tonbridge School, Marlborough College, Rugby School, Cheltenham College, The Oratory School, Haileybury College, Clifton College and Beaumont College (now closed).
Many famous individuals and famous cricketers have played in the match. Lord Byron played for Harrow in the 1805 match, Field Marshal Earl Alexander of Tunis for Harrow in Fowler's match in 1910, Bolo Whistler for Harrow in 1916, Alec Douglas-Home for Eton in 1921 and 1922, Terence Rattigan for Harrow in 1929 and Henry Blofeld for Eton in 1955. Early prominent cricketers who played in the Eton v Harrow match include E. H. Budd, John Kirwan and Herbert Jenner (Eton); and Edward Grimston, Charles Harenc and Charles Wordsworth (Harrow). Between the 1870s and the 1890s, there were the Studd brothers, Bernard Bosanquet, Ivo Bligh, Martin Bladen (who later became Lord Hawke) and George Harris (who later became Lord Harris) (Eton); and A. N. Hornby, Archie MacLaren and Stanley Jackson (Harrow). Lionel Tennyson (later 3rd Baron Tennyson) played for Eton before the First World War, and Gubby Allen just afterwards. Around this time the prominent future amateurs for Derbyshire included Anthony Jackson, Geoffrey Jackson, Guy Jackson, Wilfred Hill-Wood and Basil Hill-Wood.
Other players who were later first-class cricketers were not selected for their school, including Charles Lyttelton (later 10th Viscount Cobham), Wykeham Cornwallis (later 2nd Baron Cornwallis), Nigel Haig and Denis Hill-Wood.
The match has included fifteen players from Eton and six from Harrow who later played for the England national cricket team, most recently Nick Compton (Harrow) in Tests and Matthew Fleming (Eton) in ODIs. In recent years, few players have gone on to become professionals in first-class cricket, exceptions being Nick Compton, Gary Ballance and Sam Northeast (Harrow), and Jamie Bruce and Alex Loudon (both Eton).
Results and records
- Excluding fixtures during the First and Second World Wars, there have been 175 matches in the series from 1805 to 2015, of which Eton have won 58 and Harrow have won 52, with 67 matches drawn.
- During the World Wars, matches were played at the two schools' own grounds rather than at Lord's. From 1915 to 1918, two matches were played each year, one at Harrow and one at Eton. From 1940 to 1945, one match was played each year, with the venue alternating. Of those ten matches, Eton won eight and Harrow one, and one was drawn. In 1970, Lord's was reserved for a Gillette Cup match, so the Eton-Harrow match was played at Harrow.
- The match was traditionally a two-day, two-innings affair, but in 1982 reduced to one day and one innings a side. It moved to a limited overs format in 1999, with a second longer match played away from Lord's. It celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2005.
- The highest innings total is 502 scored by Eton in 1923. Harrow reached 388 in 1900.
- The lowest innings total is Harrow's 24 in 1824. Eton were dismissed for 35 in 1855.
- The highest individual score is 183, scored by DC Boles for Eton in 1904. G Wilson scored 173 for Harrow in 1913.
- MC Bird is the only player to have made a hundred in each innings, scoring 100* and 131 for Harrow in 1907.
- HW Studd recorded bowling figures of 14 for 99 for Eton in 1888. EW Blore took 15 wickets in 1847, and 14 in 1845, but runs conceded were not recorded.
- The teams in all of the matches have been limited to current pupils, except the match in 1857 which included some former pupils aged less than 20.
- The matches in 1997, 1999 and 2001 were abandoned without a ball being bowled.
- Harrow's win in 2000 was its first victory since 1975. Harrow also went without a win from 1908 to 1939: in 27 games, Eton won 12 times and 15 matches were drawn.
- Eton's victory in 2011 was their first for eight years.
- In 2012, Harrow scored their winning 274th run on the first ball of the 55th over, winning largely on the strength of L. Bose's 118 runs and HWD Whitrow's 80 not out off 66 balls.
- In 2013, Eton won by 5 wickets.
- Fowler's match
- History of English amateur cricket
- Overview of English cricket from 1816 to 1863
- English public school football games
- WR Lyon, The Elevens of Three Great Schools, 1805–1929: Being All Recorded Scores of Cricket Matches Played Between Winchester, Eton and Harrow, With Memoirs and Biographies of the Players, Spottiswoode & Ballantyne, 1930.
- Robert Titchener-Barrett, Eton and Harrow at Lord's: Since 1805, published by the author, 2005, ISBN 978-0-9550643-0-2.
- Harrow beat Eton by eight wickets, The Times, 15 June 2008
- George Hirst's Wisden obituary
- Wisden Cricketer's Almanack, 2009 edition, p908.
- Scorecard of 2013 match
- Cricket at Eton
- The oldest rivals of all, BBC, 25 May 2002
- Fowler's match, Cricinfo, 9 April 2005
- The oldest fixture of them all, Cricinfo, 18 June 2005
- Bloomsbury - the Wisden Archive Eton v Harrow