Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple

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Ettumanoor Sree Mahadevan Temple
Ettumanoor temple north gate.JPG
Front view of the temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictKottayam
DeityShiva as Ettumanoorappan
FestivalsThiruulsavam in Kumbham
Governing bodyTravancore Devaswom Board
Location
LocationEttumanoor
StateKerala
CountryIndia
Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple is located in Kerala
Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple
Location in India
Geographic coordinates9°40′25″N 76°33′36″E / 9.67361°N 76.56000°E / 9.67361; 76.56000Coordinates: 9°40′25″N 76°33′36″E / 9.67361°N 76.56000°E / 9.67361; 76.56000
Architecture
TypeTraditional Kerala style
Completed1542 AD
Website
ettumanoortemple.in

Ettumanoor Mahadeva temple is an ancient Shiva temple in Kottayam, Kerala, India. Temple tradition has it that the Pandavas and the sage Vyasa had worshipped at this temple. The name of the place has its origin from the word manoor, which means "the land of deer." The temple is one of the major Shiva temples in Kerala, along with Vaikom Temple, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple, Kaduthruthy Mahadeva Temple, Ernakulam Shiva Temple, Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple and Vadakkunathan temple.[1]

The Temple[edit]

padinjare nada (Western entrance) of the temple

The present temple building, with its gopuram and the fortress around it, was reconstructed in 717 ME (1542 AD). There are Dravidian mural paintings on the walls inside and outside of the main entrance. The fresco of Pradosha Nritham (Dance of Shiva) is one of the finest wall paintings in India. There is a golden flagstaff inside the temple topped with an idol of a bull surrounded by small bells and metal banyan tree leaves. In terms of architecture, these temples stand out to be an ultimate testament for the Vishwakarma Sthapathis for their engineering skills. The temple roofs are covered with copper sheets, and it has 14 ornamental tops. Bhagavathi, Sastha, Dakshinamoorthy, Ganapathy and Yakshi are installed here as subordinate deities. There is a separate temple for Lord Krishna. It is believed that the philosopher Adi Sankaracharya wrote 'Soundarya Lahari' while staying in the temple.

The origin of the name Ettumanoorappan is from Kattampakk, a small village in Kottayam district.

Vaippu Sthalam[edit]

It is one of the shrines of the Vaippu Sthalams sung by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Sundarar. [2] [3]

Festival[edit]

The famed Ezhara Ponnana festival

Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple hosts the arattu festival, celebrated on a grand scale on the Thiruvathira day in February–March each year. Many people come to the temple on the 8th and 10th day of the festival, when seven and a half elephants (in Malayalam: ezharaponnaana) made of gold (nearly 13 Kgms) will be held in public view. This statue was donated to the temple by a travancore maharaja. The temple, one of the wealthiest Devaswoms in Kerala, has many valuable possessions.

The Thulabharam is one of the important rituals of this temple. People make offerings to God for favors received. On balance, the child or man for whom offerings were promised to God, is weighed against offerings ranging from gold to fruits.

Aaraattu (Holy Bath)[edit]

The annual Aaraattu (Holy Bath) of Lord Shiva at Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple is performed at the villages of Peroor, Neericadu, and Thriruvanchoor on the banks of the Meenachil River. It is one of the rituals performed as part of festivals at the major temples of Kerala, India. During this ritual, the priest takes the deific form of the god within him and takes a bath in the holy water. This event is mainly carried out at the end of the festival. One of the most prominent Arattu in Kerala is conducted in the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Trivandrum by the Travancore royal family. [4]

Ezharaponnana[edit]

Ezhara Ponnana refers to the seven-and-a-half golden elephants which are kept in the temple vault and taken out once a year for darshan by the devotees. Of the eight statuettes, seven have a height of two ft., and the eighth one is half that size, hence the name Ezhara (seven-and- a- half) Ponnana (Golden elephants). According to legend, they were presented to the temple by Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma, the founder of the Travancore kingdom. According to another story, while Marthanda Varma had made the pledge to present the ‘ponnana,’ the offering was made during the reign of his successor, Maharaja Karthika Thirunal. There are also differing stories about the reason for the offering: some believe it was offered as a penalty for the damages suffered by the temple during the annexation of Thekkumcore by Travancore; others believe it was the offering made when the marauding army of the Tipu Sultan was hammering on the gates of Travancore. The statuettes are made of a jackfruit tree and covered with nearly 13 kg. of gold plates.[5]

Ezhara Ponnana Darshan is one of the high points of the temple festival, held at midnight on the eighth day of the ten-day festival. Ezhara Ponnana Darshan begins with the ceremonial procession of the eight golden statuettes of elephants. They are later kept at the Asthana Mndapam for the annual darshan by the devotees.[6]

Geography[edit]

Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple is located between Ernakulam district and Kottayam district. It is 54 km from Ernakulam and 12kKm from Kottayam. The nearest towns to the temple are Kidangoor, Pala, and Kaduthuruty.

How to reach[edit]

Train and bus services are available from Ernakulam City and Trivandrum City to Ettumanoor. Frequent buses, private and public (provided by the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation), are available from the town of Etumanoor to many parts of Kerala. Intercity buses to Bangalore, Chennai, Selam, Coimbathore, and Hosur are available in the evening and night. The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport.

Ettumanoor Mahadevar Temple is a major hub for devotees from other states visiting Sabarimala temple in Kerala.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kerala Siva Temples". Hinduism Today. 31 July 1997. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  2. ^ பு.மா.ஜெயசெந்தில்நாதன், தேவார வைப்புத்தலங்கள், வர்த்தமானன் பதிப்பகம், சென்னை, 2009
  3. ^ ஏறனூர் - (ஏற்றமனூர்) Yeranur - (Yertramanur), Sundarar, 7-31-9
  4. ^ https://findwords.info/term/aaraattu
  5. ^ The Hindu, retrieved 4 April 2018
  6. ^ Manorama Online, retrieved 4 April 2018

External links[edit]