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Eublepharidae

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Eublepharidae
Common leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
(unranked): Gekkomorpha
Family: Eublepharidae
Boulenger, 1883
Genera

See text

The Eublepharidae are a family of geckos (Gekkota) consisting of 43 described species in 6 genera. They occur in Asia, Africa, North America, and Central America. [1][2][3][4] Eublepharid geckos lack adhesive toepads and, unlike other geckos, have movable eyelids, thus commonly called eyelid geckos. Like other members of Gekkota, the Eublepharidae exhibits tail autotomy due to the fracture planes near their vent. A new tail will then grow in its place, usually lacking the original color and texture. The muscles in the old tail will continue to flex for up to 30 minutes after the drop to distract predators.[5] Leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) and African fat-tailed geckos (Hemitheconyx caudicinctus) are popular pet lizards.

Genera

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The following genera are considered members of the Eublepharidae:

Genus Image Type species Taxon author Common name Species
Aeluroscalabotes
A. felinus
A. felinus (Günther, 1864) Boulenger, 1885 Cat gecko 1
Coleonyx
C. variegatus
C. elegans Gray, 1845 Gray, 1845 Banded geckos 9
Eublepharis
E. macularius
E. hardwickii Gray, 1827 Gray, 1827 Leopard geckos 7
Goniurosaurus
G. kuroiwae
G. hainanensis Barbour, 1908 Barbour, 1908 Ground and cave geckos 26
Hemitheconyx
H. caudicinctus
H. caudicinctus (Duméril, 1851) Stejneger, 1893 Fat-tailed geckos 2
Holodactylus
H. africanus
H. africanus Boettger, 1893 Boettger, 1893 Clawed geckos 2

References

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  1. ^ Grismer, L.L. 1988. Phylogeny, taxonomy, classification, and biogeography of eublepharid geckos. In: Phylogenetic Relationships of the Lizard Families (R. Estes & G. Pregill, eds), pp. 369–469. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
  2. ^ Gamble, Tony; Greenbaum, Eli; Jackman, Todd R.; Russell, Anthony P.; Bauer, Aaron M. (June 27, 2012). "Repeated Origin and Loss of Adhesive Toepads in Geckos". PLOS ONE. 7 (6): e39429. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...739429G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039429. PMC 3384654. PMID 22761794.
  3. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Colli, G.R.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Vitt, L.J.; Simons, A.M. (February 2011). "Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 24 (2): 231–244. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02184.x. PMC 3075428. PMID 21126276.
  4. ^ Gamble, T.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Bauer, A.M. (August 2015). "Into the light: Diurnality has evolved multiple times in geckos". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115 (4): 896–910. doi:10.1111/bij.12536.
  5. ^ Cohn, Jeffrey P. (2009). "Tail loss in lizards". BioScience. 59 (8): 728. doi:10.1525/bio.2009.59.8.23. S2CID 84194254.