The juvenile leaves are opposite, dull grey-green and sessile. The cream or white flowers are followed by conical or globose woody fruits which usually appear in groups of 3 or 7 and are almost sessile.
The species was first formally described as a subspecies of Eucalyptus cinerea by botanist Joseph Maiden in A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus in 1914. It was promoted to species status by William Blakely in A Key to the Eucalypts in 1934.
The species is common around Melbourne, from the eastern suburbs to the Dandenongs and south to the Mornington Peninsula. From Melbourne it extends eastwards through Gippsland, and just over the border into New South Wales.
- Costermans, L. (1981). Native Trees and Shrubs of South-eastern Australia. Australia: Rigby. p. 363. ISBN 072701403X.
- "Eucalyptus cephalocarpa". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- "Eucalyptus cephalocarpa". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-06-26.