Eucalyptus largiflorens

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Black box
Black Box foliage and flowers (15299115414).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. largiflorens
Binomial name
Eucalyptus largiflorens
  • Eucalyptus bicolor A.Cunn. ex T.Mitch.
  • Eucalyptus largiflorens F.Muell. var. largiflorens

Eucalyptus largiflorens, or black box, is a species of Eucalyptus which is endemic to Australia. It is a tree grows up to 20 metres in height. and has persistent, fibrous or flaky bark which is a grey to grey-black colour.


The species was first formally described by botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1855 who observed the species "in bushy, barren localities on the Murray, Avoca, Wimmera, and on St. Vincents Gulf."

The former variety Eucalyptus largiflorens var. xanthophylla (Blakely) Cameron is currently known as Eucalyptus normantonensis Maiden & Cambage. There is a cultivated variety known as Eucalyptus largiflorens 'Green Variant'.


The species occurs in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.

It is often the dominant tree species in vegetation communities where it occurs, primarily grassy woodlands in seasonally flooded areas, and is usually associated with heavy, black clay soils.

Common Names[edit]

Alternative common names for the species include flooded gum, flooded box and river box.

See also[edit]